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January 18, 2013

Edgar V. Roberts' “Writing about TONE/Mood (Including Irony)"


Image Source:http://blogs.yis.ac.jp/hougha/files/2013/11/toneandmood-24fis41.jpg

Class,

In the comment box below, . . .

. . . the note-taker/scribe from each group should retype the question your group discussed today in class and provide an answer with quotations from the text to support your answers. You MUST put the page number (or, paragraph number if there are no page numbers) in parentheses after any quotation used.

Enter your work on this text as prescribed in class. For example:

Remember: I have to "approve" all comments so you won't see it immediately after posting. After hitting submit, you should see a screen that confirms this.

We are beginning to use some concepts in our discussions that you may or may have had practice using before. I want to be sure that you have a clear understanding of the words we use in class (no more blank stares!) so be sure you are looking up words you don't feel you yet "own" (means, making it a part of your personal vocabulary) by utilizing your dictionaries to the fullest.

~Dr. Hobbs

_____________________________________

To see other English-Blog entries on the subject of Literature, please click HERE.

Posted by lhobbs at January 18, 2013 03:35 PM

Readers' Comments:

Maxx Howarth
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG122 Academic Writing II CA12
28 February 2014

QUESTION #10:
Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of "Tone and Irony," briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "All Summer in a Day" by Ray Bradbury. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text-properly cited in MLA format-to support your answer/thesis.

ANSWER:
In "All Summer in a Day" by Ray Bradbury, the use of tone is depicted through the way in which the children of the class act towards Margot. For instance, Margot mentions the thought, "And so, the children hated her for all these reasons of big and little consequence. They hated her
pale snow face, her waiting silence, her thinness, and her possible future" (Bradbury 3). Other instances include Margot trying to describe the Sun to the children as a "penny" and "a fire in the stove," with them replying "No it's not!" and "You're lying, you don't remember!" (Bradbury 3). As for irony, I personally feel as though irony within the story was portrayed towards the end where all of the children decide to look Margot in a closet, "then, smiling, they turned and went out and back down the tunnel, just as the
teacher arrived" (Bradbury 3-4). Yet, in the end, when they come to the realize that Margot had been locked up the entire time the Sun was out, "they stood as if someone had driven them, like so many stakes, into the floor. They looked at
each other and then looked away. They glanced out at the world that was raining now and raining
and raining steadily. They could not meet each other’s glances. Their faces were solemn and pale.
They looked at their hands and feet, their faces down" (Bradbury 6). The irony, therefore, is that the children display such hatred towards Margot for having better memory of the Sun, yet in the end, feel bad for not allowing her to see it once again.

Posted by: Maxx Howarth at February 28, 2014 04:33 PM

Bianca T. Smith
ENG122 Academic Writing II CA12
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
2 March 2014

Question #15- Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout(on libguides) on the subject of "Tone and Irony," briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "A Jury of Her Peers" by Susan Glaspell. As with all the homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text-properly cited in MLA format-to support your answer/thesis.

Answer: In the story "A Jury of Her Peers" by Susan Glaspell, the tone of the dialogue here shows that the men don't think the women are useful of finding anything. "And keep your eye out, Mrs. Peters, for anything that might
be of use. No telling; you women might come upon a clue to the motive--and that's the thing we
need"(Glaspell 7). "But would the women know a clue if they did come upon it?" he said" (Glaspell 7). During this time, women weren't allowed to be apart of the jury because they were thought of as useless. So the men wouldn't even ask for any woman's help or opinion on anything.


Posted by: Bianca T. Smith at March 2, 2014 03:01 PM

Sarah A Ellis
Dr. B Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
3 March 2014

Question 12:
Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/ or in “Memento Mori” by Jonathan Nolan. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text- properly cited in MLA format- to support your answer/thesis.

Answer:
In Memento Mori, a man experiences amnesia and forgets everything within a time frame of ten minutes. Throughout the story, Earl writes a journal allowing the reader to know what is going on in his head. Earl seeks revenge on the man that killed his wife. Because he experiences memory lost every ten minutes, Earl hid notes everywhere to remind him that he needs to fulfill his revenge. One reminder was a giant tattoo on his chest saying “I raped and killed your wife” (Nolan 6). This part of the story shows that he craves revenge and wants to make sure that he gets his justice.

Posted by: Sarah Ellis at March 3, 2014 12:13 AM

James Jessop
Dr. B. Lee. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II
1st March 2014

Question #5 - Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "Young Goodman Brown" by Nathaniel Hawthorne. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text—properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis.
Answer – Tone is used by all writers. It is the “methods by which writers and speakers reveal attitudes or feelings” (Roberts 1), and is also “modes or techniques that reveal or create attitudes (Roberts 1). Tone can both determine writers’ attitudes towards the material, or can be looked at as a way to “discover the writer’s attitude towards readers” (Roberts 2). An example of this in “Young Goodman Brown” is Hawthorne’s use of “King Phillips War” (Hawthorne 5). When using this Hawthorne allows us to see his attitude towards the reader. He believes that they will be intellectual enough to know that this particular war was “inhumane, greedy, and cruel” (Roberts 2). On this occasion, tone is being used to show the writer’s attitude and beliefs towards his readers. He also uses tone well to show the love/feelings that Goodman Brown and his wife Faith have for one another. “My love and my Faith” (Hawthorne 1) is used very early in an exchange between man and wife, clearly revealing the feelings of characters to the reader. Another quote that back this point up is “what a wretch am I, to leave her on such an errand” (Hawthorne 2). The feelings of both characters here are very clear to the reader, all made possible by the use of tone.

Posted by: James Jessop at March 3, 2014 12:14 AM

Sawyer Hand
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
2 March 2014

Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout on the subject of "Tone and Irony", briefly discuss the use of tone and or irony in "Cathedral" by Raymond Carver.

Answer: Both tone and irony are used in Raymond Carver's "Cathedral". Tone is defined in the reading as the following: "tone refers to the methods by which writers and speakers reveal attitudes or feelings. It is an aspect of all spoken and written statements" (Roberts 175). The tone in "Cathedral" changes throughout the story. At the beginning of the story the husband seems to not be looking forward to the blind man's visit. As the story continues he starts to become more interested in the blind man. At the end he better understands the blind man. Throughout the story the tone is set up depending on the husband's mood. Reading the story you can feel the uncomfortable feeling in the room when the blind man first arrives. That feeling disappears as the husband's mood towards the blind man changes. Irony is defined in the reading as "such contradictory statements or situations. Irony is natural to human beings who are aware of life's ambiguities and complexities" (Roberts 178). Irony plays a part in "Cathedral" because the husband starts the story saying how strange he believes it was that the blind man touched his wife's face the way he did. By the end of the story he is drawing with his eyes closed and the blind man's hand on top of his while his wife is questioning this.

Posted by: sawyer hand at March 3, 2014 01:06 AM


Sergio Velazquez
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
Eng122 - ACADEMIC WRITING II CA12
3/3/2014

Question 4. Using the information from both Edger V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on lib guides) on the subject of “tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/ or irony in” The Allegory of the Cave” by Plato. Ad with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text-properly cited in MLA format- to support your answer/thesis.


The tone of the story “The Allegory of the Cave,” is one of deep introspection.. The protagonist faces his journey of enlightenment alone.As he is “by chance,” set free, he leaves the cave and ventures into the light. What is Ironic about the story is that,when the main character of the story wishes to bring “light or knowledge,” to his old comrades the lash out by saying, “If he tried to set loose another they would capture him and put him to death.” (Cave 3)It is ironic that a being of thought would, disregard or even demolish further knowledge.

Posted by: Sergio Velazquez at March 3, 2014 10:00 AM

Traneisha Cunningham
Dr. B. Le Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
28 February 2014

QUESTION #14:
Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of "Tone and Irony," briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "A Tell-Tale Heart" by Edgar Allan Poe. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text - properly cited in MLA format - to support your answer/thesis.

ANSWER:
In "A Tell-Tale Heart" by Edgar Allan Poe use of tone consists of aggravation. This aggravation comes from the old man's glass eye which gets into the protagonists head to the point where it drives him crazy. "It was open - wide, wide open - and I grew furious as I gazed upon it.I saw it with perfect distinctness - all a dull blue, with a hideous veil over it that chilled the very marrow in my bones; but I could see nothing else of the old man's face or person: for I had directed the ray as if by instinct, preciously upon the damned spot" (Poe 5-6). This eye had drove him crazy though he didn't think it was him who was crazy, but yet the old man's eye. "But why will you say that I am mad? The disease had sharpened my senses - not destroyed - not dulled them" (Poe 3). The protagonist refuses to believe that he has gone crazy and constantly tries to convince readers that he hasn't. Another example to show the aggravation tone from the protagonist is where he decides that the old man's glass eye has bothered him to the point where he has to kill the old man for him not to be bothered by the man anymore.

The irony in the story also revolves around the protagonists state of mind. An example of this is when the police come over to see what a neighbor had called about (Poe 7). The protagonists had lost his state of mind that he began hearing the heartbeat of the old man even though he had killed him and chopped his body up to pieces. Though he thought it was the old man's eye was driving him crazy, it was him who was crazy because even though there was no longer any eye, the protagonist still showed signs and acted as if he was not in the right state of mind which drove him to insanity.

Posted by: Traneisha Cunningham at March 3, 2014 10:30 AM

Maxx Howarth, Jeff Wingfield, & James Jessop
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG122 Academic Writing II CA12
3 March 2014

QUESTION #10:
Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of "Tone and Irony," briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "All Summer in a Day" by Ray Bradbury. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text-properly cited in MLA format-to support your answer/thesis.

ANSWER:
In "All Summer in a Day" by Ray Bradbury, the use of tone is depicted through the way in which the children of the class act towards Margot. For instance, Margot mentions the thought, "And so, the children hated her for all these reasons of big and little consequence. They hated her
pale snow face, her waiting silence, her thinness, and her possible future" (Bradbury 3). Other instances include Margot trying to describe the Sun to the children as a "penny" and "a fire in the stove," with them replying "No it's not!" and "You're lying, you don't remember!" (Bradbury 3). As for irony, I personally feel as though irony within the story was portrayed towards the end where all of the children decide to look Margot in a closet, "then, smiling, they turned and went out and back down the tunnel, just as the
teacher arrived" (Bradbury 3-4). Yet, in the end, when they come to the realize that Margot had been locked up the entire time the Sun was out, "they stood as if someone had driven them, like so many stakes, into the floor. They looked at
each other and then looked away. They glanced out at the world that was raining now and raining
and raining steadily. They could not meet each other’s glances. Their faces were solemn and pale.
They looked at their hands and feet, their faces down" (Bradbury 6). The irony, therefore, is that the children display such hatred towards Margot for having better memory of the Sun, yet in the end, feel bad for not allowing her to see it once again.

Posted by: Maxx Howarth at March 3, 2014 10:42 AM

Sawyer Hand and Jared Arnold
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
3 March 2014

Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout on the subject of "tone and irony", briefly discuss the use of tone and or irony in "The Sentinel" by Arthur C. Clarke.

Answer: Every story has a tone. Tone is defined as the following: "tone refers t the methods by which writers and speakers reveal attitudes or feelings. It is an aspect of all spoken and written statements" (Roberts 175). The tone in "The Sentinel" by Arthur C. Clarke is serious. It starts off making the reader curious of why the humans are on the moon and by the end of the story you learn that the author is trying to teach you something. Irony is defined as the following: "irony describes such contradictory statements or situations. Irony is natural to human beings who are aware of life's ambiguities and complexities" (Roberts 178). This story doesn't have any irony really.

Posted by: Sawyer and Jared at March 4, 2014 12:08 AM

Hubert Reuter
Dr .B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
4 March 2014

Question:
Briefly discuss the use of tone/irony in “Chrysanthemums” by John Steinbeck.

Answer:
That the man who uplifted the main character so much ended up making her even sadder than before. She doesn't have the confidence to use her growing skills to help grow the orchard, instead, she grows her little chrysanthemum garden. The man who encouraged her so much, and boosted her confidence, so carelessly tossed her seeds away, to sell the pot they were in (Steinbeck 10).

Posted by: Hubert Reuter at March 4, 2014 03:09 PM

Berlin Waters
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
March 4 2014

Question #6:
Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout on the subject of "Tone and Irony," briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "On the Road" by Langston Hughes.

Answer:
Roberts explains to us that situational irony "refers to the chasm between what we expect and what actually happens" (Roberts 179). In the case of "On the Road" we see Sargeant walking in the snow looking for a place to stay overnight. He decides to take his chances with the Reverend, a man of God. We expect the Reverend to be welcoming and benevolent, yet as Sargeant asks for help he promtply says "I'm sorry, No!" (Hughes 1) we see that he is just the opposite.

Posted by: Berlin Waters at March 4, 2014 05:11 PM

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*NOTE* The deadline for this particular assignment has now passed. Any comments listed below are *ONLY* for the reposting of comments that I specifically asked to be revised or are ones from non-student posters. Any 'student' posts below that missed the assignment deadline will not get credit for the assignment.

~Dr. Hobbs

Posted by: Dr. Hobbs at March 6, 2014 08:50 PM

Zachary Gary
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA07
9 October, 2014

Question #10:
Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "Araby" by James Joyce. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text—properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis.
Answer:
To begin with, “Araby” has many ways of showing the tone and irony. At the beginning of the story, he was practically in love with the girl. (Joyce 2-3) He says “my body was like a harp and her words and gestures were like fingers running upon the wires.” At the end of the story, everything isn’t how he imagined, he finally sees what everything is and how delusional he was being.

Posted by: Zachary Gary at October 9, 2014 08:29 PM

Samantha Witte
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA07
October 9, 2014


QUESTION #14:
Discuss the use of tone and irony in “Super Toys Last All Summer Long.”

ANSWER:
According to Roberts, tone “refers to the methods by which writers and speakers reveal attitudes” (Roberts 175). The tone of the story “Super Toys Last All Summer Long,” is reflective and satirical. This tone is revealed through the characters’ inability to distinguish reality anymore because of all of the technological advances. The author satirizes the need for humans to have technology do everything, and shows how one day it is going to make humans lonely and unsatisfied. This story also uses a large amount of irony by expressing how the living toys and people connect. As the robot David was feeling alone and neglected, his mother thought, “Why waste time talking to this machine” (Aldiss 4). Humans were able to create living children, yet they did not provide the same benefits or satisfaction to the parents. It is a warning through the tone that humans are all going to feel alone, if technology stands in the way of human connection and interaction.

Posted by: Samantha Witte at October 9, 2014 09:49 PM

Shyra A Bryant
Dr. Hobbs
English 122 Academic Writing CA07
9 October 2014
Question:
Using the information from both Edgar V. Robert and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and irony” briefly discuss the use of tone and/ or irony in “Roman Fever” by Edith Wharton. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text- properly cited in MLA format- to support your answer/thesis.
Answer:
Irony is the expression of ones meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect. Tone is the general character or attitude of a place, piece of writing, or situation. In the story, they use these different aspects by the image of the setting, being wealthy, and by the way, the characters act.

Posted by: Shyra Bryant at October 9, 2014 10:45 PM

Roslyn Thomas
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 121 Academic Writing II
10 October 2014

Question:
Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and /or irony in “Young Goodman Brown” by Nathaniel Hawthorne. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text- properly cited in MLA format – to support your answer

Answer:
The irony of this story was actually in the title for one. Young goodman brown, the fact that he wasn’t a young man nor was he a good man. Him and his wife are together but he leaves her to go in the forest.

Posted by: Roslyn Thomas at October 10, 2014 11:22 AM

Danielle Kluender
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 CA07 Academic Writing II
8 October 2014

Question # 1:
Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout on the subject pf “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in “La Prarure,” [“The Necklace”] by Guy de Maupassant.

Answer:
The irony in the story is that the Loisel’s spent years paying off a replacement of a necklace that Mathilde lost, but it in the she found out that the necklace was actually fake and worthless. In addition, Mathilde borrowed the necklace in the first place to seem more beautiful. Once she lost the necklace this asset of hers seemed to disappear. She also borrowed the necklace to make it seem as if she has more money than she really does. Only then, to lose all the money she did have to replace the necklace. You can tell having nice things matters to her because she says in the story, “It’s awful, but I don’t have any jewels to wear, not a single gem, nothing to dress up my outfit. I’ll look like a beggar. I’d almost rather not go to the party.” (de Maupassant 55).

Posted by: Danielle Kluender at October 10, 2014 01:17 PM

Elizabeth Brown
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II
10 October 2014

Question #7:
Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "The Storm" by Kate Chopin.
Answer:
In Kate Chopin’s “The Storm,” the storm expresses the tone and ironically resembles what is going on between the two characters inside. The characters are not supposed to be pursuing sexual relations and both of them are committing a “dark” deed. The feelings they have while caving to one another’s temptations because ironically there is a storm outside that is just as savage. The actual storm becomes a symbol and throughout the text mimics the wrong doings inside the house.

Posted by: Elizabeth Brown at October 10, 2014 01:29 PM

Samantha Witte and Zach Gary
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA07
October 10, 2014


QUESTION #30:
What is situational irony? What gap does it fill? How has situational irony been used in one work we have read so far?

ANSWER:
Situational irony is when an outcome of a situation is the opposite of what the audience would predict it to be, often resulting in a much more humorous outcome. “Situational irony fills the gap between hope and reality” (Roberts 179). It often adds to figuring out the tone of the work as a whole as well. The most prominent example of situational irony in works we have read would be from “An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge.” Through the entire story, the reader is lead to believe that the man being hung has escaped and gotten away, yet in reality “his body, with a broken neck, swung gently from side to side beneath the timbers of Owl Creek Bridge” (Bierce 12). In this case the irony is not humorous, but is not what is expected.

Posted by: Samantha Witte, Zach Gary at October 10, 2014 01:54 PM

Trejon Baynham
Dr. Burgsbee Lee Hobbs
ENG. 122 CA 07
9 October 2014

QUESTION:
Briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in Medved [The Bear] by Anton Chekhov.

ANSWER:
In Anton Chekhov’s comic sketch [The Bear] the level of dedication Yelena Popova possesses towards her late husband is in various ways ironic. One is that she refuses to interact with the outside world, instead choosing to stay confined within the walls of her estate while wearing nothing but black attire. Her motive for this is to demonstrate to her husband what real love, is despite the fact that her husband “was mean… and even unfaithful” to her (Chekhov 21-22).

Posted by: Trejon Baynham at October 10, 2014 01:56 PM

Trejon Baynham, Elizabeth Brown
Dr. Burgsbee Lee Hobbs
ENG. 122 CA 07
10 October 2014

QUESTION:
In your own words, explain what it means when readers, analyzing a literary work “Determine the Writer’s Attitude toward the Readers.”

ANSWER:
When readers determine the writer’s attitude towards them they are engaging in the stimulus that the author provides them through elements of their stories such as word choice, characterization, allusions, and the level of reality. According to Roberts, authors do this in an effort to “satisfy their [readers] curiosity” by complimenting their schema – prior knowledge and ability to make connections (Roberts 176). For example, Nathaniel Hawthorn’s reference to the “King Philip’s War” in his story “Young Goodman Brown” relies on the reader to possess a pre-existing awareness of the event in order to draw connections from it to the text.

Posted by: Trejon Baynham, Elizabeth Brown at October 10, 2014 01:57 PM

Danielle Kluender, Gianna Anderson, Rashard Knowles
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 CA07 Academic Writing II
8 October 2014

Question #28:
(a.) What, according to Edgar V. Roberts, in the twelfth chapter titles “Writing about Tone: The Writer’s Control over Attitudes and Feeling ,” does the “word irony describe” and (b.) from what/where does it develop? (c.) Why is it an honor to the reader when writers use irony?

Answer:
Irony describes “contradictory statements or situations.” (Roberts 178). Irony develops from the realization that life does not always measure up to promise, that friends and loved ones are sometimes angry at each other. It is an honor to the audience for they assume that readers have sufficient intelligence and skill to discover the real meaning of confusing statements and situations.

Posted by: Danielle Kluender, Gianna Anderson, Rashard Knowles at October 10, 2014 01:58 PM

Roslyn & Alyssa
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 121 Academic Writing CA07
10 October 2014

Question #27
Why, according to Edgar V. Roberts, in his twelfth chapter titled “Writing about Tone: The Writer’s Control over Attitudes and Feelings,” is HUMOR a “major aspect of tone? Explain and describe how, at least, one of the four elements he lists, is present/used in one work we’ve read, thus far, in this course. Answer in your own words, but use quoted and cited passages from the text to support your answer.
Answer:
Humor is one of the major aspects of tone because everyone likes to laugh. Trifles would fall in the category of Laughter usually stems out of disproportion or incongruity. It mainly ties into that is because the ladies that went to visit the scene start laughing with each other saying only if the officers knew what was going on and they start laughing at each other.

Posted by: Roslyn Thomas at October 10, 2014 02:10 PM

Mickael Dodard and John Crane
Dr. Hobbs
Academic Writing
10 October 2014

Question # 29

In his twelfth chapter titled “Writing about Tone: The Writer’s Control over Attitudes and Feelings,” Edgar V. Roberts lists and explains “Four Major Kinds of Irony.” (a.) In your own words, explain what he means by VERBAL IRONY. (b.) What does it depend on? (c.) How has verbal irony been used, if at all, in one work we’ve
read, thus far, in this course? Answer in your own words, but use quoted and cited passages from the texts to support your answer

Answer:
From my opinion verbal irony is a type of sarcasm “Verbal Irony Depends on Interplay of Words. In verbal irony, one thing is said, but the opposite is meant.”(Roberts 4). This means that verbal irony is when people try to mean the opposite of what they say. In the example opening this chapter, Mary's ironic expression of pleasure after her two-hour wait for tickets really means that she is disgusted. There are important types of verbal irony.

Posted by: Mickael Dodard at October 10, 2014 03:42 PM

Stephanie Vera
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs, M.L.A., Ph. D.
ENG. 122 Academic Writing II CA07
October 6, 2014
Juliette
By: Claude F. Cheinisse
Question 8:
Why does the narrator call his relationship with Juliette, an “affair”? An “affair” can mean many things. Might the narrator mean more than one thing, here, or is only one inferred? How is an “affair” different from other types of relationships and social institutions, e.g., friendship, comradery, marriage, etc.? Can legal definitions of adultery, for example, apply to relationships between a human and a machine?
Answer:
The narrator calls his relationship with Juliette an affair because he has some sort of attachment to it (his car). “My affair with Juliette dated three years back. At the first glance, I had fallen violently in love with her, taken out my checkbook... (Cheinisse, 4).” The narrator’s affair is different because it is not fit the normal definition of affairs, it is with a car. In some aspects one can view this relationship with a machine as a legal definition of adultery. If the narrator was married and is giving all his love and attention to a car instead of his wife, that could be viewed as an adulterous act.

Posted by: Stephanie Vera at October 11, 2014 02:32 PM

Stephanie Vera
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs, M.L.A., Ph. D.
ENG. 122 Academic Writing II CA07
October 8, 2014
Tone and Irony
Question 6:
Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "A Good Man is Hard to Find" by Flannery O’Connor. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text—properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis.

Answer:

In Flannery O’Connor’s story, “A Good Man is Hard to Find” the tone of the story is peculiar and disturbing. As we first begin to read, we come across a normal family: the parents, children, and the grandmother living with you at the time. The family is traveling and one another begin to get on the other’s nerves. As the reader goes deep into the story, everything changes. The family members go out of character. “All right!” he shouted from the car to a stop at the side of the road. “Will you all shut up?” (O’Connor, 5) The fathers patience clearly has ran out by this point by the disturbance of grandmother and the children. The story is ironic because the family happens to be discussing the events about the character, The Misfit. The grandmother talks about in her days how there would be no such thing because people actually respected parents. Everyone in the family is then killed by The Misfit, everyone that is but the grandmother.

Posted by: Stephanie Vera at October 11, 2014 02:54 PM

Justine Gonzalez, Shyra Bryant
Dr.Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA07
October 10, 2014

Question #25:
In his twelfth chapter titled “Writing about Tone: The Writer’s Control over Attitudes and Feelings,” Edgar V. Roberts discusses “Tone and Attitudes.” In your own words, explain what it means when readers, analyzing a literary work “Determine the Writer’s Attitude toward the Material.” Be sure you understand what “irony” means, and discuss the writer’s attitude toward THE MATERIAL in one work we’ve read, thus far, in this course. Answer in your own words, but use quoted and cited passages from the text to support your answer.

Answer:
The character is being smugged which means the character has a snobby stink attitude. The writer is trying to determine what they want the reader to feel like when reading the work. Roberts says, “By reading a work carefully, we may deduce the author's attitude or attitudes toward the subject matter.”

Posted by: Justine Gonzalez at October 13, 2014 10:08 AM

Selena Hammie
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing CA12
25 February 2015

“Writing About Tone and Irony”

Question #15: Using the information from both Edgar V. Robert and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in “The Curious Case of Benjamin Button” by F. Scott Fitzgerald.

The tone used in this story is whimsical because the entire story itself is strange. The case that the Button family endured was like no other has ever seen before. When Mr. Button finally saw his son Benjamin he saw “a baby of threescore and ten, with his feet hanging over the sides of the crib in which it was reposing.” (Fitzerald page 3) Another, tone used in this short story was poignant. At some points, of the story you are bound to feel emotional or sad about the Button family’s situation because they described Benjamin as being ‘’devoured already by that eternal inertia which comes to live with each of us one day and stays with us to the end.’ (Fitzgerald page 13)

Posted by: Selena Hammie at February 25, 2015 02:57 PM

Mallory Delay
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
26 February 2015

Question 11: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of "Tone and Irony," briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in Medved [The Bear] by Anton Chekhov.

Answer: The tone used in Anton Chekhov's Medved [The Bear] is one of amused affection. Throughout the story, Popova and Smirnoff seem to hate each other but it can be taken a way of flirting. When Popova yells that he doesn't know how to behave in the presence of a lady, Smirnoff replies sarcastically, "Oh well, excuse me! Just how would he speak in front of a lady? In French?" (Chekhov 26) The two continue to banter until they start talking about their past encounters with the opposite gender. Smirnoff has "spent half my life hanging around women, but not anymore!" (Chekhov 27) Popova has lived most of her life with a cruel husband saying "I gave him my youth, my happiness, my life, my money…this best of all possible men betrayed me." (Chekhov 28) At the end after they have been going at it for a while, the two realize that they have felt for each other. Smirnoff realizes "that's a woman I understand! That's a real woman!...I definitely like this woman!" (Chekhov 30) Popova soon realizes she feels the same yelling, "Oh I'm so mad!" (Chekhov 33) but crazy in love as she kisses him.

Posted by: Mallory Delay at February 26, 2015 12:35 PM

Adderias Ewing
Dr. Hobbs
Academic Writing 2
26 February 2015
19. Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "The Overcoat" by Nicolai Gogol.
To me the tone of the story has predominantly more satirist in it. The tone in the story makes it difficult for the reader to decide whether he should feel sympathy for the poor mistreated clerk, or if he should take it as a comic tale that makes fun of Akakiy Akakievich.
Here are two examples of irony; 1. Petrovich is depicted as a papal-like figure: “sitting on a large table of unstained wood with his legs crossed under him like a Turkish pasha.” However, it is quickly revealed that he is quite the opposite when he is described by his wife as a “corn-brandy” “swilling”, “one-eyed devil.” 2. The narrator mockingly observes how weather affects people from different parts of ‘The Table of Ranks’ differently.

Posted by: aderias ewing at February 26, 2015 08:03 PM

Rachel Addington
Dr. Hobbs
ENG122 Academic Writing II CA12
26 February 2015

Question: In his twelfth chapter titled “Writing about Tone: The Writer’s Control over Attitudes and Feelings,” Edgar V. Roberts lists and explains “Four Major Kinds of Irony.” (a.) In your own words, explain what he means by DRAMATIC IRONY. (b.) From what does dramatic irony result? (c.) How has dramatic irony been used, if at all, in one work we’ve read, thus far, in this course?
Answer: a.) Dramatic irony is when everyone including readers and characters both know the obvious truth except the actual main character. “It happens when a character either has no information about a situation or else misjudges it, but readers (and often some ofthe other characters) see everything completely and correctly.” (pg.180) b.) Dramatic irony results in the main character of the story finding out the truth they were set to find at the end of the story. Dramatic irony has been used in the story “Roman Fever” because Grace knows the truth about her and Delphine and Alida didn’t. Grace and Delphine both knew about their affair and child and Alida didn’t find out until the end of the story.

Posted by: Rachel Addington at February 26, 2015 10:33 PM

Emily Buckley
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
25 February 2015

Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "Araby" by James Joyce. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text—properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis.

Answer: There is a mixture of tone in “Araby” by James Joyce. The story is written in first person, and the narrator is immature in his actions and ideas. The main character realizes he has been immature in his thought process at the end of the story. The attitude of the story would be immature, but the tone is not immature. “Gazing up into the darkness I saw myself as a creature driven and derided by vanity, and my eyes burned with anguish and fear.” (Joyce 6) The way the main character thinks about his love interest is in a way dreamlike. “The light from the lamp opposite our door caught the white curve of her neck, lit up her hair that rested there and, falling, lit up the hand upon the railing.” (Joyce 3)

Posted by: Emily Buckley at February 26, 2015 11:10 PM

Vallinique Martin
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
26 February 2015


Question: In his twelfth chapter titled “Writing about Tone: The Writer’s Control over Attitudes and Feelings,” Edgar V. Roberts lists and explains “Four Major Kinds of Irony.” (a.) In your own words, explain what he means by SITUATIONAL IRONY. (b.) What gap does it fill? (c.) How has situational irony been used, if at all, in one work we’ve read, thus far, in this course?

Answer: Situational irony fills the gap between hope and reality. Situational irony is when an unexpected event happens, something that readers don’t see coming. “It is often pessimistic because it emphasizes that human beings have a little or no control over their lives or anything else.” (Roberts 5) An example is in the “The Bear” by Chekhov where the characters emotions change from being angered to feeling love, this is situational irony because readers wouldn’t expect that transformation in the characters emotions.

Posted by: Vallinique Martin at February 27, 2015 12:41 AM

Kathleen Sholl
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing 122 CA12
27 February 15

Tone and Irony Discussion Question

Question 31: In your own words, explain what he means by COSMIC IRONY. From what does cosmic irony stem? How has cosmic irony been used, if at all, in in one work we’ve read, thus far, in this course?

Answer: Cosmic irony means that someone’s life is on a direct course and has no way of avoiding the end result. Cosmic irony stems from “the power of fate, chance, kings, and desperate men” (Roberts 5). Cosmic irony was used in Susan Glaspells “Trifles.” Minnie Wright had an abusive husband who killed her bird, and as a result she “has an ultimate reaction against him” (Roberts 5). She was caught in a circumstance that had no escape, which is what cosmic irony is.

Posted by: Kathleen Sholl at February 27, 2015 01:26 AM

Jan Urbaniak
Dr. Hobbs
ENG122 Academic Writing II CA12
February 27 2015
Question: 3. Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in Trifles, a.k.a., "A Jury of Her Peers" by Susan Glaspell. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text— properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis.

Answer: We can see that irony in "Trifles" builds as the women, Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters, find the clues about life in the Wright household. “MRS. HALE. I’d hate to have men coming into my kitchen, snooping around and criticizing. (She arranges the pans under sink which the Lawyer had shoved out of place.) MRS. PETERS. Of course it’s no more than their duty. MRS. HALE. Duty’s all right, but I guess that deputy sheriff that came out to make the fire might have got a little of this on. (Gives the roller towel a pull.) Wish I’d thought of that sooner. Seems mean to talk about her for not having things slicked up when she had to come away in such a hurry. MRS. PETERS. (who has gone to a small table in the left rear corner of the room, and lifted up end of a towel that covers a pan). She had bread set. (Stands still.)” The women know how much Mrs. Wright loved the bird, so they and the audience should make the assumption that Mr. Wright killed it. This deduction together with the other evidence of Mrs. Wright's growing instability.

Posted by: Jan Urbaniak at February 27, 2015 09:47 AM

Charis Lavoie and Jan Urbaniak
Dr. Hobbs
ENG122 Academic Writing II CA12
27 February 2015
Question: How are tone, mood and irony used in story by Tanizaki “The Tattooer”
Answer: Tone of the story is made by author to show two contrasted personalities: of Femme Fatale and talented tattooer. “There was an exceptionally skillful young tatooer named Seikichi” and “As the girl stared at this bizarre picture her lips trembled and her eyes began to sparkle”. Author makes us to like both characters and then he confronts their worlds to show the contrast.
Then when the tattoo is made on her body he is saying to her that every man could be her victim, but he didn't suspect before that he could be one. “To make you truly beautiful I had poured my soul into this tattoo. Today there is no woman in Japan to compare with you. Your old fears are gone. All men will be your victims” Author put Tattooer in uncomfortable situation. Tattoer made a beautiful tattoo on her back, to help her get every man in the world. And she wanted him “All my old fears have been swept away” – and you are my first victim”

Posted by: Charis Lavoie and Jan Urbaniak at February 27, 2015 11:14 AM

Rachel Addington
Dr. Hobbs
ENG122 Academic Writing II CA12
27 February 2015

The tone used in the story “Roman Fever” is reminiscent and revealing. The tone is set with reminiscence through out the entire story Grace and Alida are catching up and remembering things from when they were younger. The tone then changes to real the hidden truth of Grace’s past with Delphine. The mood in this story is jealousy and resentful because Alida had always been jealous of Grace and was afraid she would steal her husband away and Grace was jealous and resentful of Alida because she had everything she wanted including Delphine. The irony in this story is Alida wanted Grace out of her way so that she can marry Delphine. Alida she wrote Grace a fake letter from Delphine so that she would get her heart broken, but it turned out the letter didn’t work because Grace had replied to him and they met up anyways. So it is ironic because Alida’s whole marriage, she was led to believe that she had Delphne all to herself when in actuality Grace had him and his first child. “Mrs. Slade gave an unquiet laugh. "Yes, I was beaten there. But I oughtn't to begrudge it to you, I suppose. At the end of all these years. After all, I had everything; I had him for twenty-five years. And you had nothing but that one letter that he didn't write." (pg. 9) Mrs. Ansley was again silent. At length she took a step toward the door of the terrace, and turned back, facing her companion. “"I had Barbara," she said, and began to move ahead of Mrs. Slade toward the stairway.” (pg. 10)

Posted by: Rachel Addington Selena Hammie at February 27, 2015 11:16 AM

Kathleen Sholl, Allison Colon, and Amber Dunlap
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
27 February 15

Tone and Irony Group Work Discussion Question

Question: How are tone, mood, and irony used in “A Good Man is Hard to Find”?

Answer: In “A Good Man is Hard to Find” the tone is aggressive. In this story, the author speaks of vicious things that happen to the characters during their murders. For example, O’Connor’s short story says, “take her off and throw her where you thrown the others” (O’Connor 12). He also describes the grandmother lying “in a puddle of blood with her legs crossed under her,” which is brutal and horrific (O’Connor 12). The irony in this story is both dramatic and situational. Dramatic irony is present when the grandmother portrays herself as a prim and proper, old-fashion, southern women, but to the readers, her actions reveal her as the complete opposite. Second, the situational irony is presented when the misfit causes the grandmother to see herself for what she truly is, a sinner. Once she comes face to face with her killer, she dies with a smile on her face knowing she has found her true self. To describe her feeling O’Connor states, “and her face smiling up at the cloudless sky” (O’Connor 12). Furthermore, the mood in this story is written in a traditional storyteller way, emitting sympathy to the readers at the end of the short story. Readers feel sympathetic to the family in the car who were brutally murdered by the misfit. “I know you wouldn’t shoot a lady” (O’Connor 12). At this point, the readers who were unsympathetic towards the grandmother at the beginning of the story due to her high-class attitude now feel remorse for what is about to happen to her and her family. This story has humor presented in the story at the beginning “she wouldn’t stay at home to be queen for a day” (O’Connor 1). At the conclusion of the story, the humor fades out once the writer starts to introduce the misfit.

Posted by: Kathleen Sholl, Allison Colon, and Amber Dunlap at February 27, 2015 11:21 AM

Amber Dunlap
Dr. Hobbs
ENG. 122 Academic Writing II CA 12
27 February 2015

Question:
What was tone/irony in “Young Goodman Brown”?

Answer:
Goodman Brown's refusal to accept the Devil's invitation to knowledge is a righteous act. He decides to resists the temptation, which Adam and Eve originally fell for by throwing his head up and crying "look up to heaven, and resist the wicked one”. The tone of this passage is when he tries to make notice of when one experiences real or not and how it can can change a person.

Posted by: Amber Dunlap at February 27, 2015 11:21 AM

Emily Buckley and Emma Riemer
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
23 February 2015

Question: How is tone used in “The Curious Case of Benjamin Button?” What is the mood of the story “The Curious Case of Benjamin Button?” Is there any irony in the story?

Answer: The tone of the story is humorous, the narrator is mocking the characters. From an outside perspective the entire idea of trying to live life in reverse is absurd, and funny. For example when he is trying to command the generals, but no one will take him seriously because he is young. “The colonel came up, drew rein, and looked coolly down at him with a twinkle in his eyes. "Whose little boy are you?" he demanded kindly. "I'll soon darn well show you whose little boy I am!" retorted Benjamin in a ferocious voice. "Get down off that horse!" The colonel roared with laughter.” The father is in denial and wants his child to live his life backwards, he gives him a rattle and makes him play with it. “But Mr. Button persisted in his unwavering purpose. Benjamin was a baby, and a baby he should remain. At first he declared that if Benjamin didn't like warm milk he could go without food altogether, but he was finally prevailed upon to allow his son bread and butter, and even oatmeal by way of a compromise. One day he brought home a rattle and, giving it to Benjamin, insisted in no uncertain terms that he should "play with it,” whereupon the old man took it with--a weary expression and could be heard jingling it obediently at intervals throughout the day.” The mood of the story is different than the author’s tone. The characters in the story do not see their lives as funny, their lives are made difficult due to the situation they are in. His father is disappointed, humiliated, they had a good reputation and their strange child has caused there reputation to change. Benjamin, unhappy when he is no longer attracted to his wife, “There was only one thing that worried Benjamin Button; his wife had ceased to attract him.” he if frustrated with his situation with not being able to get back into the military and Yale. Mr. Hart opened the door. "The idea!" he shouted. "A man of your age trying to enter here as a freshman. Eighteen years old, are you? Well, I'll give you eighteen minutes to get out of town." “Benjamin increased his gait, and soon he was running. He would show them!” There is some situational irony in the story. For example if they had the child at home (like everyone else in that time was doing) they could have hid the embarrassment of having a bizarre child. The author writes in a different tone than the characters mood. The author is humorous but the characters are distraught with their lives. Another ironic situation is Benjamin, he is not able to live his life like a normal person he is forced to live his life backwards because of his situation.

Posted by: Emily Buckley and Emma Riemer at February 27, 2015 11:44 AM

Mallory Delay and Diego Garcia
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
27 February 2015

Question: How is tone used in the story The Bear? How is mood used in the story? How is irony used in the story?

Answer: The tone of the story is amused affection. The two characters yell at each other about their bad past loves only to realize that it is bringing them closer together, and they are falling for each other. The mood of the story would be comedic. The two make jabs at each other that would bring a laugh from the reader. Popova mentions to Smirnoff that the way he is acting is not how he should be in front of a lady. He then makes fun her saying "Just how would he speak in front of a lady? In French?" (Chekhov 26) There is evidence of situational irony used throughout the story. Smirnoff is there to collect his money and Popova doesn't want anyone in the house. (Chekhov 24) The anger that the two have towards each turns to love. She doesn't wish to love another man because she intends to prove to her dead husband that she can be faithful but then ends up loving another man.

Posted by: Mallory Delay at February 27, 2015 11:54 AM

Kaitlin Murphy
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
27 February 2015

Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguide) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in “Juliette” by Claude F. Cheinisse. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text-properly cited in MLA format-to support your answer/thesis.

Answer: The tone used in “Juliette” by Claude F. Cheinisse has a sort of questionable tone set. The reader at first thinks that Juliette is a girl, instead of thinking of her as a car. “She had eyes for nothing but the door where I was about to appear” (Cheinisse 3). Having us as the reader believe half of the story that she is a car. So the tone throughout has the reader question if the doctor is right in the head.

Posted by: Kaitlin Murphy at February 27, 2015 08:17 PM

Aderias Ewing & Amanda
Dr. Hobbs
Academic Writing 2
Group work
The Storm by Chopin: What is the tone, mood, and irony of the story?
Tone: Sympathetic- bibi’s concern, bodinot’s worry, calixta’s desire Alcee’s graceful deceit, Clarisse’s relief Encouraging- decision to keep the affair a secret, bring people together through the storm raging
Mood: dark and moody from the setting of the story
Irony: situational irony because their affair, could only be the length of the storm before her husband came home

Posted by: aderias & amanda at March 1, 2015 11:57 PM

Vallinique Martin and Jorge Braham
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
27 February 2015

Question: What is the Irony/tone/mood in de Maupassant’s The Necklace?

Answer: The tone changes from Mathlide having excitement in the beginning for the big party then it changes to worry and guilt when she loses the necklace and has to work years to get a new one.
Irony: Her working all those years to find out that the necklace was actually fake. In addition, Instead of her telling her friend immediately she had missed place the necklace instead of just assuming that it was expensive. (Situational irony)
Mood: You get an unpleasant mood in the beginning as you realize how superficial Mathilde can be, but once she rather realizes she wasted her life, paying back costume jewelry is where the mood changes to empathetic.

Posted by: Vallinique Martin at March 2, 2015 01:47 AM

Rously Paul and Kaitlin Murphy
Dr.Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing CA12
2 March 2015

Question: What is the tone, mood, and one instance of irony in "Trifles"

Answer: The tone of Trifles starts mysterious as we are thrust into an investigation where the suspect is not present, and we see her home through the eyes of two women. Later, Trifles' mood changes to remorseful as we see her home life degrade due to the implied abuse from her husband culminating in his death. An ironic instance in "Trifles" is when the men disregard the women's hobbies as the title hints "trifles" while searching for evidence against Minnie they ignore the stitching of her quilt that is similar to how her Husband was hung.

Posted by: Rously Paul and Kaitlin Murphy at March 2, 2015 09:01 AM

Matthew Beebe
Dr. B. Lee. Hobbs
ENG122 Academic Writing II CAO3
October 5, 2015

Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "An Occurrence on Owl Creek Bridge" by Ambrose Bierce. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text— properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis.

Answer: The man irony I found in the story was that we are made to believe that the events taking place with the main character was real and that he actually escapes to safety. “His features were good a straight nose, firm mouth, broad forehead, from which his long, dark hair was combed straight back, falling behind his ears to the collar of his well-fitting frock coat” (Bierce 4). This quote definitely gave us the idea that the tone of the character “Peyton Farquhar” was a strong character.

Posted by: Matthew Beebe at October 5, 2015 10:51 AM

Lois Martinez
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA03
5 October 2015

Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button" by F. Scott Fitzgerald. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text—properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis.

Answer: The tone and irony of "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button" by Scott Fitzgerald is provoked by the character's miraculous and somewhat humoristic birth. The author creates tone of seriousness and desperation at the beginning of the story because Mr. Button was about to be a father. However, the tone that the narrator uses after Mr. Button sees his elderly son seems to change to a more comedic one. For example, when the old baby, yet unnamed, asks his father for a name, the father responds, "I think we'll call you Methuselah" (Fitzgerald 6). Most fathers in those time would have refused to recognize a defective child as theirs. One of the ironies is the birth of the baby; the reader would expect a baby to be young and healthy, but this one was not; moreover, the birth condition of the old baby could be attributed to the fact that Mr. and Mrs. Button waited until they were fifty-years-old to have a baby—which was rare by then because many families started having children from young ages. The tone of the story causes the irony to be funny and enjoyable for the readers, and the ironies often change the tone of the narrator according to the situation of the character.

Posted by: Lois Martinez at October 5, 2015 02:44 PM

Brad McAvoy, Mike Mooney, Daniel Wright
ENG II Academic Writing CA-09
10/5/15
There are a few symbolism in the story of Masque of Red Death. Rooms represent the cycle of life by the colors of the rooms. The orange room was the sunrise which is the birth of the day. Green and blue are during the day and purple is towards the end of the day and end of the life. “These windows were of stained glass whose color varied in accordance with the prevailing hue of the decorations. . . The second chamber was purple in its . . . he third was green throughout . . . —the fifth with white—the sixth with violet” (Poe 4) the colors are symbolism of the cycle of life. The clock is another symbolism. When the clock stops it’s the time that also stops, and there is no way of preventing the clock stopping just like death. Most of the symbols are contextual because the color of the rooms and the clock has one significant meaning towards this story- and if you add it in another story it will not have the same meaning. The Red Death is a cultural symbol because anywhere a deadly plague is, is death. Also the Black plague killed one-third of Europeans, which is a huge part of history, therefore Red Death can refer to the Black Plague. “It was then, however, that the Prince Prospero, maddening with rage and the shame of his own momentary cowardice, rushed hurriedly through the six chambers, while none followed him on account of a deadly terror that had seized upon all.” (Poe 9) This is a huge metaphor because when Prince ran down stairs he was faced with “deadly terror” which is Death. He had come like a thief in the night. And one by one dropped the revellers in the blood-bedewed halls of their revel, and died each in the despairing posture of his fall. And the life of the ebony clock went out with that of the last of the gay.” (Poe 10) This is a metaphor for how beautiful and extravagant the party was and when Death showed up he murdered everyone at the party and there are everybody’s blood on the fabrics and dead bodies on the dance floor.
Scribe: Brad Spokes: Mike Researcher: Daniel

Posted by: Brad McAvoy at October 5, 2015 04:14 PM

Sidnee Yaeger
Dr.Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
5 October 2015

Question: In his twelfth chapter titled “Writing about Tone: The Writer’s Control over Attitudes and Feelings,” Edgar V. Roberts lists and explains “Four Major Kinds of Irony.” (a.) In your own words, explain what he means by SITUATIONAL IRONY. (b.) What gap does it fill? (c.) How has situational irony been used, if at all, in one work we’ve read, thus far, in this course? Answer in your own words, but use quoted and cited passages from the texts to support your answer.

Answer: Situational irony is a type of irony that happens when what we hope for or think may happen and what actually happens. Robert says, “Situational Irony fills the gap between hope and reality” (Roberts 179). An example of situational irony is in the work is Medved [The Bear] by Anton Chekhov. It is an example of situational irony because Luka and Smirnoff “shift from anger to love as they fall into the grips of emotions” (Roberts 179). They both hated each other at the beginning of the story, but then by the end they both were so interlocked with each other.

Posted by: Sidnee Yaeger at October 5, 2015 06:41 PM

Emma Duncan
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing CA03
5 October 2015

Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in Trifles a.k.a. , “A Jury of Her Peers” by Susan Glaspell.
Answer: The male tone in the story is condescending. Hale said, “She moved from that chair to this over here… (Pointing to a small chair in the corner) …and just sat there with her hand held together and looking down. I got a feeling that I ought to make some conversation, so I said I had come in to see if John wanted to put in a telephone…” (Glaspell, 3). This shows that the men don’t know how to talk to the women at all and that is condescending.

Posted by: Emma Duncan at October 6, 2015 12:35 PM

Luis Bautista, Zack Puttle
Dr. Hobbs
ENG-122 Academic writing
6 October 2015
“The word irony describes such contradictory statements or situations”(Roberts 178)
Question: Using the information from borth Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout on the subject of “Tone and Irony, briefly discuss the use of tone/ irony in “The Storm” by Kate Chopin. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text- properly cite in MLA format- to support your answer/thesis
Answer: The tone in the in the short story “The Storm” Kate Chopin is almost as if she is encouraging the Alcee and Calixta’s decision to have an affair and be unfaithful. The storm seems to be the only way that Alcee and Calixta’s affair can happen. However, the cyclone has an end as well as the affair between the two, which would only last until the cyclone ends. The irony in the short story is based on the adulterous affair between Calixta and Alcee on their marriages. There is situational irony in the way a storm allows an unfaithful and love making session. In the other hand, the unfaithful act between the two is in a way beneficial for both marriages since after the storm is over Calixta and Alcee return even happier to their respective marriages.

Posted by: luis Bautista at October 6, 2015 05:42 PM

Cannelle Samson
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA03
5 October 2015

Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "Super Toys Last All Summer Long" by Brian Aldiss. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text—properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis


Answer: In the short story “Super Toys Last All Summer Long” copious amounts of irony can be seen. What seems to be ironic about this short story by Brian Aldiss is that although David is a robot he seems to be like a real boy. David is able to feel love and loneliness. For example, sharing his thoughts with Teddy, another robot, he says talking about his mother, “She’s got Daddy. I’ve got nobody ‘cept you, and I’m lonely” (Aldiss, 5). This line by said by David is extremely ironic. David, although a robot, finds himself lonely in another robot’s company. It seems as if David does not know whether he is real or not. Irony is also found when David’s Mummy is asking Teddy where David is. Realizing she is talking to a machine she thinks, “Why waste time talking to this machine? Why not simply go upstairs and scoop David into her arms and talk to him, as a loving mother should to a loving son?” (Aldiss, 4). She is asking herself why she is wasting time talking to a machine rather than talking to her son, David. However, David is also a machine.

Posted by: Cannelle Samson at October 6, 2015 06:10 PM

Brad McAvoy
ENG 122
Dr. Hobbs
10/6/2015

Q# 27
ANS: Humor does deal with tone because Edgar states that with humor the story adds a comical and joyous feel towards the plot line. Edgar believes that when you use humor with: satire, irony, or sarcasm the tone changes to ridicule. Humor is a device that is used to gently make fun of mankind. Tone is how the story "feels" like uplifting and joyous, while mood is the reactions of the audience like "happy" or "disapointing".

Posted by: Brad McAvoy at October 6, 2015 06:24 PM

Hana Lee
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
6 October 2015


“Dramatic Irony is a special kind of situational irony. It happens when a character either has no information about a situation or else misjudges it, but readers (and often some of the other characters) see everything completely and correctly.” (Roberts 180)

Question #8: Briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in “The Masque of the Red Death” by Edgar Allan Poe.

Answer: The tone of “The Masque of the Red Death” by Edgar Allan Poe has a somewhat solemn and mysterious type of tone. While reading this short story, it gives off a haunting feel and the feeling that something might happen right about now. This story also contains a bit of irony, and that irony is dramatic irony. The situation in this story led to some misunderstandings at first and there was not very much information of exactly what was going on or why it happened at the beginning. As I started to get near the end of the story, it did start to make a little sense but I still question on how it happened exactly.

Posted by: Hana Lee at October 6, 2015 07:35 PM

Shyiem-Akiem Brown
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
5 October 2015

Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in Medved [The Bear] by Anton Chekhov. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text—properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis.

Answer: Irony describes contradictory statements or situations. Anton Chekhov’s play, The Bear, is ironic because the main characters, Mrs. Popov and Smirnoff, argue about how strong, and passionately they loved in the past. At the end of the play, both characters end up falling in love with one another. “A happier occurrence of situational irony is in Chekhov’s The Bear, for the two characters shift from anger to love as they fall into the grips of emotions, as the saying goes, are “bigger than the both of them”” (Roberts 179). The tone is the author’s attitude toward a particular subject matter. Humor is a major aspect of tone, and Chekhov utilized humor in his play The Bear to bring across his view about how human beings love. It is funny how at the beginning the main characters were at each other’s throats’ cursing one another and by the end of the play they were in love with one another. “Luka: (Sees the couple kissing) Oh my God. . . .” (Chekhov 33).

Posted by: Shyiem-Akiem Brown at October 6, 2015 07:55 PM

Conner Knaresboro
Dr. Hobbs
Eng 122 Academic Writing II CA09
6 October 2015

Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on lib guides) on the subject of "Tone and Irony," briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "The Three Strangers" by Thomas Hardy. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text—properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis.

Answer: The irony in "The Three Strangers" by Thomas Hardy could be talked about in the sense of the strangers. It's ironic that the second stranger starts serving the Mead to Mr. Fennel. "The other man, nothing loth, raised the mug to his lips, and drank on, and on, and on—till a curious blueness overspread the countenance of the shepherd's wife, who had regarded with no little surprise the first stranger's free offer to the second of what did not belong to him to dispense" (Hardy 10). It is also ironic that the Fennels take in the fugitives without knowing, and the hangman comes to the door, and they still have no idea that he is inside by the chimney. "The room was silent when he had finished the verse—with one exception, that of the man in the chimney-corner, who, at the singer's word, 'Chorus!' joined him in a deep bass voice of musical relish— 'And waft 'em to a far countree!'" (Hardy 13). Everyone in the room is quiet, and the person they are looking for is singing about going to another country.

Posted by: Conner Knaresboro at October 6, 2015 08:35 PM

Catalina Suarez
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II
6 October 2015

Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "Araby" by James Joyce. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text—properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis.
Answer: In the story, the boy was in love with one his friend’s older sister. One day, the girl had wanted to go a bazaar that was going on but she couldn’t and he promised her that she would get him something from there. The irony from this story is that even though the boy ended up going to the bazaar, he became discouraged along the way and when he arrived, he didn’t even get her anything and became to see how his efforts would be meaningless. “Gazing up into the darkness I saw myself as a creature driven and derided by vanity; and my eyes burned with anguish and fear.”(Joyce, 6)

Posted by: Catalina Suarez at October 6, 2015 08:53 PM

ENG 122 CA03
Writing about Tone & Irony
Robert’s
7th October 2015


Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "The Three Strangers" by Thomas Hardy. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text—properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis.

Answers: In the story “The Three Strangers” written by Thomas hardy had an essential use of tone an irony. Hardy went about using a warm welcoming and inviting tone which was set throughout the story for the celebration of the Sheppard’s Christening. “While these cheerful events were in course of enactment within Fennel's pastoral dwelling, an incident having considerable bearing on the party had occurred in the gloomy night without” (Hardy pg.5) portrays the inviting and no conflicted gathering until the first knock. Irony struck about after the first stranger had entered the house. “I'll fill your pipe,' said the shepherd. “I must ask you to lend me a pipe likewise.' 'A smoker, and no pipe about 'ee? ,” THIS arose some questions to the people of the house. Irony and tone played key factors in this story of Tom
Hardy’s, “The Three Strangers”.

Posted by: Tannor Berry at October 6, 2015 09:37 PM

Brittany Cordero
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
6 October 2015

Question: In his twelfth chapter titled “Writing about Tone: The Writer’s Control over Attitudes and Feelings,” Edgar V. Roberts lists and explains “Four Major Kinds of Irony.” (a.) In your own words, explain what he means by VERBAL IRONY. (b.) What does it depend on? (c.) How has verbal irony been used, if at all, in one work we’ve read, thus far, in this course?

Answer: Verbal irony is when a person says something but means the opposite of what they said. The "verbal irony depends on the interplay of words" (Roberts 178). As Roberts says, verbal irony is used in Chekov's "The Bear" and Hawthorne's "Young Goodman Brown," but it is present in de Maupassant's "The Necklace." When Mathilde receives the invitation from her husband, she says, "give your invitation to someone else at the office whose wife will have nicer clothes than mine," Mathilde does not really want her husband to give the invitation away (de Maupassant 55). She is simply upset about not having anything to wear, therefore she uses verbal irony to allude to buying a new dress.

Posted by: Brittany Cordero at October 6, 2015 09:52 PM

Sabrina McIntyre
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA03
06 October 2015

Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on lib guides) on the subject of "Tone and Irony," briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "Roman Fever" by Edith Wharton. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text—properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis.

Answer: In Roman Fever, Wharton reveals the several shifts of tone and irony in the story. First, the Grace and Alida were having lunch at a restaurant where their daughters, Barbara and Jenny were sent to find love. Their daughters joked around saying how they should leave their young mothers to their knitting (Wharton 1). Second, the tone changed as Grace and Alida were conversing, and suddenly the subject of the conversation changed. They had started talking about their past and Grace going to the Colosseum. Eventually, the conversation went deep and dark, and eventually Grace had admitted to going to the Colosseum to have intercourse with Alida's husband, Delphin. Once that had mentioned, the calm tone had subsided into a rage of anger from Alida. Lastly, as the Grace and Alida left the restaurant and Alida said to Grace that Grace only received one letter from Delphin that he didn't even write. Grace replied that she had Barbara. That was the irony that came about at the end of the story that had revealed the truth.

Posted by: Sabrina McIntyre at October 6, 2015 10:04 PM

Johnny Nguyen
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 CA09
6 October 2015

23. Question: In his twelfth chapter titled “Writing about Tone: The Writer’s Control over Attitudes and Feelings,” Edgar V. Roberts lists and explains “Four Major Kinds of Irony.” (a.) In your own words, explain what he means by SITUATIONAL IRONY. (b.) What gap does it fill? (c.) How has situational irony been used, if at all, in one work we’ve read, thus far, in this course? Answer in your own words, but use quoted and cited passages from the texts to support your answer.
Answer:
a). Situational irony is expecting something to happen, but then something unexpected happens instead.

b.) It fills the gape between hope and reality

c.) In “Trifles”, George, Sheriff Henry, and Lewis assume that women concern themselves with trifling things and aren’t intelligent. In reality though, they trifle about Minnie’s housekeeping while Mrs. Peters and Mrs. Hale solve the mystery of why she killed her husband.

Posted by: Johnny Nguyen at October 6, 2015 10:33 PM

Necdet Gurkan
Dr.Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
06 October 2015

Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "Young Goodman Brown" by Nathaniel Hawthorne. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text—properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis.
Answer: The biggest part of irony in the story is that, one by one, all of the "spiritual giants" of Goodman Brown's church are exposed to be in association with the devil, even up to and counting Faith herself. Clearly Hawthorne is viewing the huge hypocrisy in the midst of the Puritan elect, whilst also representing the characteristic sinfulness that exists within all humanity. It is this fact that destroys Goodman Brown's expectation and faith in the future and the saving power of good, and he comes back after his understanding a changed man: “A stern, a sad, a darkly meditative, a distrustful, if not a desperate man did he become from the night of that fearful dream.” Goodman Brown is not able to accept the innate sinfulness that is in all of us and this denial casts a shadow on the rest of his life.

Posted by: Necdet Gurkan at October 6, 2015 10:49 PM

Jaclyn Taylor
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing CA03
6 October 2015

Question 6: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "A Good Man is Hard to Find" by Flannery O’Connor.

Answer: The tone throughout the story a Good Mans Hard to find is that of adventure as they go out and start to drive down towards Florida. But the story soon turns sour as the grandma goes on about a murderer on the loose and could be out there and that they might run into him. As they begin their car ride it starts off well and soon takes another turn as the grandma who wants to visit an old house in Tennessee takes them down a wrong road where they get into a car crash and when another car stops for help all is well until the irony of what grandma had warned about earlier, is was the mass murderer though he would have helped them and let them go if the grandma hadn’t said anything about it. But the fact that she went to point out who he was she ended up ending her life and the lives of her kids and grand kids.

Posted by: Jaclyn Taylor at October 6, 2015 11:11 PM

Lady Hernandez
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA03
6 October 2015

Question: Discuss the tone and irony in “The Masque of the Red Death” by Edgar Allan Poe.

Answer: Poe’s tone throughout the story was sinister and dark and full of grotesque features that made the reader feel fear. “Blood was its avatar and its seal-the redness and the horror of blood.” Suggesting that the mask was not only covering his face but the truth about human mortality.

Posted by: lady hernandez at October 6, 2015 11:35 PM

Zachary Pottle
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA03
7 October 2015

Question:

In his twelfth chapter titled “Writing about Tone: The Writer’s Control over Attitudes and Feelings,” Edgar V. Roberts lists and explains “Four Major Kinds of Irony.” (a.) In your own words, explain what he means by VERBAL IRONY. (b.) What does it depend on? (c.) How has verbal irony been used, if at all, in one work we’ve read, thus far, in this course?

Answer:

Verbal irony is when something is said, and the opposite is meant. There are a few different types of verbal irony: understatement, overstatement, and double entendre. Understatement is when a seemingly mundane phrase is used in situations that are much more severe. Overstatement is when the words used are inappropriate for the situation, and are greatly exaggerated. Finally, double entendre's are when a word or saying has a double meaning, as Roberts states, "Quite often double entendre is used in statements about sexuality for the amusement of listeners or readers" (Roberts 179). Verbal irony depends on just what the word states, verbal communication. In order for verbal irony to occur, words need to be said. Whether it be through the narrator or dialogue, there needs to be something said ironically for it to occur.

Posted by: Zachary Pottle at October 7, 2015 01:32 AM

Yaribilisa Colon
Dr. Hobbs
ENG-122
10/7/2015

QEUSTION: Why, according to Edgar V. Roberts, in his twelfth chapter titled “Writing about Tone: The Writer’s Control over Attitudes and Feelings,” is HUMOR a “major aspect of tone? Explain and describe how, at least, one of the four elements he lists, is present/used in one work we’ve read, thus far, in this course. Answer in your own words, but use quoted and cited passages from the text to support your answer.

“There must be an object to laugh at. There must be something at which to laugh-a person, a thing, a situation, a custom, a habit of speech or dialect, an arrangement of words, and so on.” (Roberts, pp. 177-178)

ANSWER: Humor is a major aspect of tone because as stated in the article, “Everyone likes to laugh, and shared laughter is part of good human relationships; (Roberts, p. 177). The element of “There must be an object to laugh at” is used in the short story “The Tattooer. During this era of the story, it was a time when wits made great livelihood by providing the rich and wellborn with humor. Sometimes people would hire tatters to perform their work on others, just so they can get a kick out of a person suffering. “ It was a leisurely age, an age when professional wits could make excellent livelihood by keeping rich or wellborn young gentlemen in cloudless good humor and seeing it to that the laughter of court ladies and geisha was never stilled” (Tattooer, p. 136) . In the article you will also notice that Seikichi found it to be funny when his victims suffered the pain while he was doing his art work.

Posted by: Yaribilisa Colon at October 7, 2015 02:06 AM

Group 3: Matthew Beebe, Luis Bautista, Lois Martinez
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 - Academic Writing II CAO3
October 7, 2015

Question: What tone is evoked and where is the evidence? What mood is the evoked and where is the evidence? What irony or ironies is present? Explain & Evidence in the Curious Case of Benjamin Button.

Answer: At the beginning of the story the father runs to the hospital to meet his new son or daughter and creates a serious and desperate tone. And as he got close to the hospital and talking to the nurses the desperation increased. The mood was more of comedic because he makes fun of certain instances. The father responds when he sees the baby, “I’ll think we’ll call you Methuselah” (Fitzgerald 6). The irony of the story is everyone is expecting a new born baby but they get an old man and the aging of the son is all backwards. Another irony of the story was when in the future the Son actually took care of the father.

Posted by: Group 3 at October 7, 2015 10:38 AM

Maria Gonzalez
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
07 October 2015

Question 6: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "A Good Man is Hard to Find" by Flannery O’Connor. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text— properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis.

Answer: “A Good Man is Hard to Find” by Flannery O’ Conner is an ironic short story that uses situational irony. In the beginning, the grandmother doesn’t want to go to Florida. When she realizes there’s a criminal on the loose heading that way she says to her son, who is driving there, “I wouldn't take my children in any direction with a criminal like that aloose [sic] in it. I couldn't answer to my conscience if I did” O’ Conner 1). What becomes situational irony, however, is that the son veers from the path to visit an old plantation house the grandmother remembers. It is here that they encounter the criminal and he ends up killing them (O’ Conner 12). The tone, on the other hand, is more objective. An example is of when the children start to act up in the car, “The baby began to scream and John Wesley kicked the back of the seat so hard that his father could feel the blows in his kidney” (O’Conner 5). The facts are stated, but there is no further descriptions of the narrator. There is no tone or wordings that suggest the narrator is looking down at the children or finds them amusing. Therefore, the tone is objective, but the short story uses situational irony.

Posted by: Maria Gonzalez at October 7, 2015 11:17 AM

Jacie Dieffenwierth
Dr. Hobbs
ENG122 Academic Writing II CA09
7 October 2015

Question #15

Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button" by F. Scott Fitzgerald. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text—properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis.

Answer: The most ironic part of the story is towards the beginning, “The cool perspiration redoubled on Mr. Button's forehead. He closed his eyes, and then, opening them, looked again. There was no mistake--he was gazing at a man of threescore and ten--a baby of threescore and ten, a baby whose feet hung over the sides of the crib in which it was reposing. The old man looked placidly from one to the other for a moment, and then suddenly spoke in a cracked and ancient voice. "Are you my father?" he demanded” (Fitzgerald 3). This was something neither the reader nor the character saw coming. It kept building and building that something was wrong. One could only assume the worst: the baby was disfigured, the baby has some sort of illness, the baby was stolen, the baby wasn’t his, etc. There was one common thing, however, about all the theories: they all included a newborn baby. No one could have predicted that his baby was actually an old man. Because the reader was expecting one outcome and got another, this type of irony is situational (Roberts 179).

Posted by: Jacie Dieffenwierth at October 7, 2015 12:45 PM

Lawrence Watt
Dr. Hobbs
Eng 122 Academic Writing II CA09
7 October 2015

Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in
"The Storm" by Kate Chopin.As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text properly cited in MLA format to
support your answer/thesis.

Answer: There is use of situational irony within Kate Chopin’s “The Storm,” as exemplified through the relationship between Calixta and Alcee and also their respective partners. The irony in the story is that even though both Calixta and Alcee have an affair with each other it doesn't hurt their marriages, in fact it ends up helping them. When the storm is over, Alcee leaves and upon the return of her husband she seems extremely happy as she says "Oh, Bobinôt! You back! My! but I was uneasy. W'ere you been during the rain? An' Bibi? he ain't wet? he ain't hurt?" She had clasped Bibi and was kissing him effusively. Bobinôt's explanations and apologies which he had been composing all along the way, died on his lips as Calixta felt him to see if he were dry, and seemed to express nothing but satisfaction at their safe return” (Chopin 5). From this quote one can see that the affair with Alcee ended up helping the relationship with her husband as opposed to hurting it. Thus proving the situational irony. After letting out all her passion with Alcee she was ready to be back with her husband once more.

Posted by: Lawrence Watt at October 7, 2015 02:08 PM

Shania Bienaime
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
7 October 2015

Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "Super Toys Lass All Summer Long" by Brian Aldiss

Answer: As readers continue to read the story, they notice that that it’s a soothing sort of tone. The story is questionable because of the talking and moving teddy bear and fake computer humans but, it’s a sad story because of the little boy and his mom not having a real mother and son relationship because I guess the boy is a robot as well (Aldiss 7). “She had tried to love him” (Aldiss1) and “If she oved me why can’t I talk to her” (Aldiss 5). The son wants to talk to his mom but is scared that she doesn’t really like him because of the fact that he is not real resulting in a depressed sad tone of the story and it’s ironic that he asks the teddy bear does she love him and is he and the bear real when in fact she can’t love him because he and the teddy bear is not real.

Posted by: Shania Bienaime at October 7, 2015 02:27 PM

Jorge Braham
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
7 October 2015

Question: In his twelfth chapter titled “Writing about Tone: The Writer’s Control over Attitudes and Feelings,” Edgar V. Roberts lists and explains “Four Major Kinds of Irony.” (a.) In your own words, explain what he means by COSMIC IRONY. (b.) From what does cosmic irony stem? (c.) How has cosmic irony been used, if at all, in one work we’ve read, thus far, in this course? Answer in your own words, but use quoted and cited passages from the texts to support your answer.
Answer:
Cosmic Irony means to me as a theory of fate where someone of higher power is in control of your life or your destiny. Cosmic Irony is in the short story that we read with Glaspell "Trifles" how she hated her abusive husband and how he had controlled her life. "After thirty years of wretchedness, she buys a canary that warbles for her to make her life somewhat more beautiful. Within a year, her insensitive and boorish husband wrings the bird's neck, and she in turn has an ultimate reaction against him" (Roberts 180)

Posted by: Jorge Braham at October 7, 2015 02:53 PM

Peyton Farrier
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 12 Academic Writing II
7 October 2015

Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout on the subject of "Tone and Irony," briefly discuss the use of tone and/ or irony in "Chrysanthemums" by John Steinbeck.

Answer: Something ironic about the story is that Elisa has a green thumb and is good with growing chrysanthemums, her husband wont let her put her good skills to use. Toward the end of the story Elisa says "It will be enough if we can have wine. It will be plenty" (Steinbeck 348). She cries while saying it which is showing she isn't in the mood for it but insists the wine is enough.

Posted by: Peyton Farrier at October 7, 2015 03:03 PM

Anayah McKenzie
Dr. Hobbs
Eng Academic Writing II CA09
October 7, 2015

Question: (a.) What, according to Edgar V. Roberts, in his twelfth chapter titled “Writing about Tone: The Writer’s Control over Attitudes and Feelings,” does the “word irony describe” and (b.) from what/where does it develop? (c.) Why is it an honor to the reader when writers use irony? Answer in your own words, but use quoted and cited passages from the text to support your answer.

Answer: According to Edgar V. Roberts, in his twelfth chapter titled “Writing about Tone: The Writer’s Control over Attitudes and Feelings,” irony describes contradictory situations or statements (Roberts 4). Irony develops from realizing that life will not always turn out as expected, that people can get upset, love one other along with a combinations of other emotions, combined with the mysteries of life. Doubt exists no matter how certain one is in another person, that a person’s character is built through their encounters with pain, happiness and more. Additionally, writers think that their audience is clever enough to figure out the irony in situations and statements without pointing it out to the audience which is an honor to their readers.

Posted by: Anayah McKenzie at October 7, 2015 03:04 PM

Michael Mooney
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
7 October 2015
Question: Why, according to Edgar V. Roberts, in his twelfth chapter titled “Writing about Tone: The Writer’s Control over Attitudes and Feelings,” is HUMOR a “major aspect of tone? Explain and describe how, at least, one of the four elements he lists, is present/used in one work we’ve read, thus far, in this course.
Answer: Humor, as a literary aspect, is an important device used to set the overall tone of a story. Humor causes laughter. Laughter is one of the most enjoyable parts of the human experience, and it is an experience we all share. “Everyone likes to laugh, and shared laughter is part of good human relationships” (Roberts 177). Roberts lists the four major elements of literary humor, providing an analysis on how authors use these elements (or rather, the methods within them) to provoke laughter in the reader. The third element, Safety/Goodwill, for example is prevalent in the play The Bear. The third element, according to Roberts, relies on being able to provoke laughter through harm or abuse while shielding the audience (the readers) from pain, such as a circus act or a comedy skit on television, they involve abuse towards those involved but the audience is safe. According to Roberts “the incongruity of such situations causes laughter, and the immunity from pain and injury prevents responses of horror” (Roberts 178). In The Bear, the two main characters are in peculiar situations that cause them a great deal of pain. However, the oddness of the situations is what evokes laughter from the readers, especially when it causes strange interactions between Smirnov and Popov. In the end, the two characters falling in love evokes happiness in addition to the humor of their sudden romance. “Our involvement produces happiness, smiles, and sympathetic laughter” (Roberts 178)

Posted by: Michael Mooney at October 7, 2015 03:15 PM

Freddie Williams & Conner Knaresboro & Anayah McKenzie
Dr. Hobbs
Eng. 122 Academic Writing II CAO9
October 4, 2015

Symbolism
Questions: A.) Identify as many as possible
B.) Cultural? Contextual? Both? Why?
C.) Smile & Metaphor strongest ones

Faith’s name is both a contextual and cultural symbolism because she was a very religious person and wanted to encourage Goodman to have faith for his religion. After Goodman Brown lost his faith, he lost his wife as well. Staff is a cultural serpent that represents evil, this can be seen as religious evil by referring to the story of Adam and Eve and how a serpent lead them to the wrong path. The Woods is both a cultural and contextual because it represents his mind and the forest because the deeper he goes into the forest, the more lost and confused he gets. The rock he sits on is a metaphor because it represents his morals and how he had the choice to turn back but choose to go deeper into the woods.

Posted by: Freddie Williams at October 7, 2015 03:17 PM

Freddie Williams
Dr. Hobbs
Eng 122 Academic Writing II CAO9
October 7, 2015

27.) Why, according to Edgar V. Roberts, in his twelfth chapter titled “Writing about Tone: The Writer’s Control over Attitudes and Feelings,” is HUMOR a “major aspect of tone? Explain and describe how, at least, one of the four elements he lists, is present/used in one work we’ve read, thus far, in this course. Answer in your own words, but use quoted and cited passages from the text to support your answer.

Humor is a major aspect because it is also another way the reader and author connect without having to be face to face or with one another. It is like building a bond with someone you have never meet or will meet.”Everyone likes to laugh, and shared laughter is part of good human relationships”(Writing about Tone pg.177). In the story of “Juliette” humor is present through the whole story because a man falls deeply in love with his car and compares characteristics of a car to a woman and how the car the is just the clear choice when picking a lover.

Posted by: Freddie Williams at October 7, 2015 03:24 PM

Zekeriya Kayaselcuk

Dr. Hobbs

ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA 09

October 7, 2015


Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "Super Toys Lass All Summer Long" by Brian Aldiss. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text—properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis.

Answer: According to Edgar V. Roberts, tone refers to the techniques used by writers and speaker to portray attitude or feeling. The story provided many examples of tones. For example, Mrs. Swinton always had an ignorant attitude with Teddy. She was giving more attention to David her “son”. “Stop calling me Mummy! Why is David avoiding me? He’s not afraid of me, is he?” (Aldiss pg. 4). The writer used specific words to explain this emotion or lack of emotion. Aldiss used the word impassively which known as showing no emotion. “She stood impassively, watching the little furry figure as it climbed down from step to step on its stubby limbs.”(Aldiss pg. 4). When the Swinton family heard they can have a baby, they were very excited. The author uses a sudden pause effect to show this feeling. “Monica ... oh ... Don’t tell me our number’s come up!” (Aldiss pg. 7).

Posted by: Zekeriya kayaselcuk at October 7, 2015 03:26 PM

Brad, Mike, Maria
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing CA-09
Oct. 7, 2015
Group #4 Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge
Overall the tones of the story are: dramatic, cinematic, convoluted, and Earthy. The tone is earthy because it deals out in the Wild West, and describes woods, rivers, and the country. The tone is convoluted because so many events happened during the time of Farquhar escape. The tone was also dramatic and cinematic because it seemed the Bierce made his situation all throughout the story grander and more exciting. In specific, the end of the first scene Farquhar thinks “If I could free my hands I might get off the noose and spring into the stream.” (Bierce 5) One kind of irony how real the escapes scenes are but in a way in ties with he makes Farquhar with really wanting to escape but at the end he dies and it’s all in his head. Another irony is at the last scene and he finally sees his wife and as he runs up and hugs her he gets a blow to his back and dies. “As he is about to clasp her he feels a stunning blow upon the back of the neck; blinding white light blazes all about hum with a second shot of a cannon.” (Bierce 12) The mood of the story is in the first act was confusing because Bierce was not explaining why there was Farquhar getting hung at the bridge. But it was climatic and positive when Farquhar escaping. Events were evolving left and right when he was escaping. Towards the end the mood was really disappointing because he finally got to see his wife and finally got to escape then all of a sudden he died in her arms.

Posted by: Brad McAvoy at October 7, 2015 04:11 PM

Daniel Wright, Jacie Dieffenwierth, Zekeryia Kayaselcuk
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
7 October 2015

The tone of "The Chrysanthemums" is desperation. Elisa is extremely tough on the outside, but when the tinker shows interest in her flowers, her mood changes almost instantly to that of a person that wanted someone to appreciate her work and her passion. "The irritation and resistance melted from Elisa's face. 'Oh, those are chrysanthemums, giant whites yellows. I raise them every year, bigger than anybody around here" ' (Steinbeck 5). The mood of the overall story is hopeless, as nearly nothing Elisa does give her the sense of respect she desires. "She tried not to look as they passed it, but her eyes would not obey... 'He might have thrown them off the road... But he kept the pot' " (Steinbeck 10). The irony in this story is verbal irony; when Elisa wants to go to the boxing matches, and her husband is surprised. She then changes her mind saying " 'It will be enough if we can have wine. It will be plenty.' " (Steinbeck 10/11) Even though she is saying the wine is plenty enough to satisfy her, this is not true, she craves much more freedom.

Posted by: Daniel Wright at October 7, 2015 04:21 PM

Group 6: Hana Lee, Lawrence
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
7 October 2015

Answer: The tone of the story felt very obsessive and you can feel the tattooer’s satisfying self of tattooing people, particularly beautiful people. In his tone of voice, he was very sadistic and at the same time very obsessive. An example of his tone would be, “Then Seikichi would smile and say: “Ah, you are a stubborn one! But wait. Soon your body will begin to throb with pain. I doubt if you will be able to stand it…” (Tanizaki 138).
The mood of the story as I read it made me feel like it was going to be a good story at first because of how they described the setting at the very beginning of the short story. As I delved into the story more, the mood started to change into something creepy, or very strange. The story seemed to just go in a very sadistic and obsessive kind of mood. One example of the mood, “His pleasure lay in the agony men felt as he drove his needles into them, torturing their swollen, blood-red flesh; and the louder they groaned, the keener was Seikichi’s strange delight. Shading and vermilioning-----these are said to be especially painful----- were the techniques he most enjoyed.” (Tanizaki 137).
There was one irony of the story and it was near the end when Seikichi told the woman whom he tattooed on her body saying that he poured all his soul into the tattoo work he has done on her and all men will be her victims. He, Sekichi, however became her first victim as he was begging to see it again in the end of the story. “All my old fears have been swept away----and you are my first victim!” She darted a glance at him as bright as a sword. A song of triumph was ringing in her ears. “Let me see your tattoo once more,” Seikichi begged.” (Tanizaki 143).

Posted by: Hana Lee at October 7, 2015 04:22 PM

Group 2
Sidnee Yaeger, Freddie Williams, Shyiem-Akiem Brown
Dr.Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
8 October 2015

Question: (a). What is/are the tone(s)? Why? Explain. Evidence. (b.) Is there mood? What is/are the mood(s)? Why? Explain. Evidence. (c.) Is the irony? Is there irony? If so what? And what kind? Why Explain. Evidence.

Answer: The tone in the story was very critical. Every time Wharton went into Mrs. Slade, and Mrs. Ansley thoughts and mind, one of them was always thinking negatively about the other. For example, “Mrs. Ansley was much less articulate than her friend, and her mental portrait of Mrs. Slade was slighter and drawn with fainter touches” (3 Wharton). Next, the mood was very nostalgic and angry. Mrs. Slade knew that her husband and Mrs. Ansley had a thing for the longest time. Mrs. Slade still dwells on it and just made it known she knew about it the whole time. Mrs. Ansley was in shocked. Right then is when the angry mood stated to occur. You can feel the hate and resentment just by reading it, for example, one line goes “Mrs. Slade gave an unquiet laugh. "Yes, I was beaten there. But I oughtn't to begrudge it to you, I suppose. At the end of all these years. After all, I had everything; I had him for twenty-five years. And you had nothing but that one letter that he didn't write."” (10 Wharton). Mrs. Ansley replied “I had Barbara” (10 Wharton) Which made the mood turn, again, to confusion, it made you believe that Barbara is Mr. Slade’s daughter, but then why was he never in her life? Why couldn’t Mrs. Ansley say “I had my husband”? Lastly, there was irony in the story. It was very ironic of Mrs. Ansley to believe out of all the years Mr. Slade and Mrs. Slade were married; she did not know about the affair. Mrs. Slade was the one who wrote the letter, “"And if you burned the letter, you're wondering how on earth I know what was in it. That's it, isn't it?" Mrs. Slade waited, but Mrs. Ansley did not speak. "Well, my dear, I know what was in that letter because I wrote it!" (7 Wharton).


Posted by: Sidnee Yaeger at October 8, 2015 03:14 PM

Anayah, Britney, Necdet
Dr. Hobbs
English Academic Writing II
October 8, 2015

Question: Irony? What is the irony? If so what? And what kind? Why? Evidence. Tone? What is the tone? Why? Explain. Evidence. Mood? What is the moods? Why? Explain. Evidence.

Answer: Verbal Irony is seen when Mrs. Loisel’s husband gave her an invitation to a Ministry of Education dinner, she did want to attend the event; however, she did not own a pretty dress so told her husband to give the invitation to a coworker whose wife has a dress to wear. Pg. Though she told her husband that, she did not truly mean that (Maupassant 54-55)

“The Necklace” tone can be seen as ironic. It is ironic because at the beginning of the story, it opens up with Mrs. Loisel complaining about her being middle class claiming that she was poor (Maupassant 53). Then she lost the necklace and experienced true poorness. They had to change their lifestyle and work twice as hard in order to pay off the loans they had made. This made her realize that them being middle class is not as bad as being actually poor.

The mood felt was disappointment. Disappointment because Mathilde was not content about being middle class at the beginning of the story, and how she wanted to show off nice clothes and jewelry. When she lost the necklace, instead of her being honest with her friend, she had to spend years paying back loans for a real necklace. If only she was honest and did not want so much in life then maybe it would have turned out good for her. In addition to disappointment, agitation is felt. This is because after Mathilde lost the necklace, it was always a, what is next, where is this story going to let us next.

Posted by: Anayah McKenzie at October 8, 2015 03:35 PM

Lady Hernandez & Yaribilisa Colon & Jaclyn Taylor
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA03
8 October 2015

Question: Discuss the tone and mood in “The Bear”? What ironies are present? Evidence?

Answer: The tone of the story is confused, the lady calls the man a “…shaggy tremendous shape.” Due to his persistent presence at her door. The man is portrayed as generous and funny by the author but the lady makes him seem like a bad tempered animal. The mood is anticipation with the author saying, “…at point blank range.” Giving a gunned down scene.

Posted by: lady hernandez at October 8, 2015 07:26 PM

Shania Bienaime , Peyton farrier, Conner knaresboro
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
7 October 2015

Question: What is the Tone, Mood, and Irony of the play “trifles?”
Answer: The irony in "Trifles" starts as Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters find clues about life in the Wright household. They find the dead canary and a note that someone has broken its neck. The women knew how much Mrs. Wright loved the bird, so they should have made the assumption that Mr. Wright killed it. With the evidence of Mrs. Wright growing unstable, lead the women to believe in Mrs. Wright's guilt and the reason she killed her husband. This situation shows irony because the sheriff and county attorney remain oblivious to these clues, so the audience knows more than they do about the crime. The tone throughout the play portrayed to be sarcastic and dismissive.” Not much of a housekeeper, would you say, ladies?”9(Glaspell 3). The men seemed to believe that they were superiors. And lastly, the mood was hopeless, because the men didn’t believe them and doubted them.

Posted by: Shania Bienaime , Peyton farrier, Conner knaresboro at October 8, 2015 09:46 PM

Catalina Suarez, Emma Duncan, Sabrina McIntyre
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II
6 October 2015

Question: “Juliette” Mood, Irony, and Tone.
Answer: The tone of this story the author gives, since it is in first-person, a sad to part tone because he had to give away the car that had an unnaturally emotional connection with. Another tone of this story would be unnatural by giving the vehicle and the character and more human-like relationship. An example of this in the text would be, “When I leaned over to get my portfolio from the back seat, she used her law-breaking voice to say to me, ‘So long, darling….’ She had never spoken to me that way, had never even used that voice with me. I meant to tell her of all my affection, promise her again how many fine vacations we’d have, and fine spins along the scenic routes…but she was already gone.” (had, 5) The mood the reader grabs from this story is somewhat unsettling due to the unnatural relationship the character has with their car. The irony of the story ends up being that ‘person’ the speaker was talking about was actually a car.

Posted by: Catalina Suarez at October 9, 2015 01:07 AM

Zachary Pottle, Cannell Samson
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II
9 October 2015

Question: Describe the Tone, Mood, and Irony in "Young Goodman Brown".

Answer:

In the short story "Young Goodman Brown", the narrators tone is very serious. The narrator speaks in almost an informational way, describing events as they occur, with no emotion or character. For example, "And yet, though the elder person was as simply clad as the younger, and as simple in manner too, he had an indescribable air of one who knew the world, and who would not have felt abashed at the governor's dinner table or in King William's court, were it possible that his affairs should call him thither (Hawthorne 71). It seems fitting that the narrator speaks in such an emotionless, formal manner, because the story is about betrayal and evil. An upbeat, happy tone would not make sense in a story like this. The mood of "Young Goodman Brown" is very dark, gloomy, and eerie. The story takes place mostly in the dark woods, where Goodman Brown himself fears that everyone around him is evil. As for the irony, there are a couple of examples. For one, all of the “big people” in Goodman Browns church are found out to have relationships with the devil “A stern, a sad, a darkly meditative, a distrustful, if not a desperate man did he become from the night of that fearful dream” (Hawthorne 70). Also, the the previous irony is used to show the hypocrisy of religion, due to humans innate sinfulness. Another irony is Goodman Brown’s name. He is named after a grandfather who was an “old friend” of the devil who walks the younger man to black mass. He finds everyone else names ironic without realizing that his name is.

Posted by: zachary Pottle at October 9, 2015 02:14 AM

Johnny Nguyen, Madison Helms, Zeida Alvarez
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 CA09
7 October 2015

Question: “Super Toys Lasting All Summer Long”
a.) What tone is evoked, and why? Evidence?
b.) What mood is evoked and why? Evidence?
c.) What irony or ironies are present? Evidence?

Answer:
a.) The tone is somber at first, but it enlightens when Monica and Henry are granted permission to have a child. David feels unloved by his parents and his mom even says “ I tried to love him”. At the end of t

b.) The overall mood is pessimistic because the story makes the readers want to feel for David and hopes he gets fixed, but in the story it seems like Henry and Monica don’t want him to get fixed so they can give him up and have a child of their own.

c.) The irony in the story is that Damon isn’t actually a real person, but is seen throughout the whole story he is seen as real. The mom at the end says she might have to return him.

Posted by: Johnny Nguyen at October 9, 2015 10:10 AM

Randawnique Coakley
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 121 Academic Writing II CA 06
19 February 2016

Question: 15. Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button" by F. Scott Fitzgerald. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text—properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis.

Answer: In the short story, titled “The Curious Case of Benjamin Button,” there is an old man essentially aging backwards to infancy. Normally, the human life spans from infancy to senior adulthood. And by having this narrative and vivid descriptions of an old man aging backwards unexpectedly and unconventionally creates irony and presents a quirky atmosphere and tone. Fitzgerald describes people reaction to the man is also humor. An example of farcical reaction is shown when Fitzgerald says ‘The nurse gave a little scream. "Oh--of course!" she cried hysterically. "Upstairs. Right upstairs. Go—up (3)!”’ The nurse screaming and reacting rather hysterically and frantically creates humor. Also, Fitzgerald describes the baby “wrapped in a voluminous white blanket, and partly crammed into one of the cribs, there sat an old man apparently about seventy years of age (Fitzgerald 3).” Here, Fitzgerald paints a picture of an old baby squished in a crib. This imagery creates humor and establishes a quirky tone. For the reader, envisioning this old baby, which is a paradox in itself, is rather ridiculous and humorous.

Posted by: Randawnique Coakley at February 19, 2016 07:38 PM

Vincia Mitchell
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing 11 CA06
19 February 2016

Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in “La Parure,” ["The Necklace"] by Guy de Maupassant. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text—properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis.

Answer: In Maupassant’s story, “La Parure”, the irony presented is situational irony. Situational irony refers to situations in which what is hoped for is opposite to what happens (Roberts 179). In the text, Mathilde borrowed her friend’s necklace to wore to a party because she wanted to look fancy and rich. Unfortunately, she lost the necklace and to replace the necklace with a replica; she had to borrow money from her friends. It took her ten years to repay her debt and during the ten years, her life was slowly falling apart. After everything was over, she met with Mrs. Forrestier (her friend, who lent her the necklace) and told her that she lost her necklace and the struggles she been through to replace the necklace. Mrs. Forrestier then revealed that the necklace was a costume jewelry and it worth five hundred francs (Maupassant 60). Based on Mathilde’s reaction through the story concerning the necklace, the reader would have thought that the necklace worth a lot. The reader, however, discovers at the end that the necklace only worth five hundred francs, which makes the situation a situational irony.


Posted by: Vincia Mitchell at February 21, 2016 07:41 PM

Omar Martinez
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA06
21 February 2016

Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in Trifles, a.k.a., "A Jury of Her Peers" by Susan Glaspell. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text— properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis.

Answer: The irony to this short story was that the sheriff and county attorney were not aware of the clues that Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters had found. “MRS. PETERS. It was an awful thing was done in this house that night, Mrs. Hale. Killing a man while he slept, slipping a rope around his neck that choked the life out of him (Glaspell 9).” A clue they found that they were suspicious that it was Mr. Wright.

Posted by: Omar Martinez at February 21, 2016 10:24 PM

Jennifer Belcastro
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122-Academic Writing II CA06
22 February 2016

Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "The Storm" by Kate Chopin.

Answer: The irony in “The Storm” is the affair of the wife and the actual storm that is going on outside. Calixta’s husband had no idea that she cheated on him with her lover from years ago. Alcée came to the house the same time the storm came, “as she stepped outside, Alcée Laballière rode in the gate” (Chopin 1). The affair lasted the entire time the storm was in the town, and he left after the storm was gone.

Posted by: Jennifer Belcastro at February 22, 2016 10:30 AM

Clark de Bullet
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA06
22 February 2016

Irony and Tone- Juliette

Question #13: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "Juliette" by Claude F. Cheinisse. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text—properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis.

Answer: In Juliette, especially toward the beginning of the story, displays situational irony. Situational irony is “the chasm between what we hope for or expect and what actually happens” (Roberts 179). The narrator in Cheinisse’s story acts as though Juliette is a real person throughout the entire thing. So the reader, at first, also has this view. The irony comes when the reader starts to realize Juliette is, in fact, not a person but a car. You can begin to really see this when he says he paid for her with his checkbook and that she needed a grease job and a wash (Cheinisse 4). You were expecting one thing and then got another.

Posted by: Clark de Bullet at February 22, 2016 12:58 PM

Nastassja Sielchan
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA06
22 February 2016

Question: Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on lib guides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and irony in "Super-Toys Last All Summer Long" by Brian Aldiss. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text—properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis.
Answer: The tone of “Super-Toys Last All Summer Long” would be somewhat lonely. The author is writing from the point of view of a family with a husband, wife, and robot child that are all looking for something. What is ironic is that the “family” is not necessarily a family at all, they are just trying. Another ironic situation is that David, the son, has a toy named Teddy and both Teddy and David are not real.

Posted by: Nastassja Sielchan at February 22, 2016 01:08 PM

Matt Scharr
Dr. Hobbs
English 122 CA 06 Academic Writing II
22 February 2016
Question 9.) Discuss the use of irony in the short story “The Three Strangers”
Answer: The use of irony in the story, “The Three Strangers” by Thomas Hardy in a sense molds the story into what it eventually becomes. One ironic part that sticks out in the story is when the third stranger shows up to the cabin and coincidentally recognizes one of the other strangers. This is ironic because the title of the story is, “The Three Strangers” so one would assume that no one knows each other. However, this was not the case with the third stranger. Roberts describes irony in terms of, “…life does not always measure up to promise.” (Pg. 4) With this description of irony the example of how the third “stranger” recognized another stranger makes that part ironic.

Posted by: Matt Scharr at February 22, 2016 02:15 PM

Justin Robinson
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA06
22 February 2016

Question: 3.) Using the information from both Edgar V. Roberts and the secondary handout (on libguides) on the subject of “Tone and Irony,” briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in Trifles, a.k.a., "A Jury of Her Peers" by Susan Glaspell. As with all homework questions, be sure to incorporate quoted passages from the text—properly cited in MLA format—to support your answer/thesis.

Answer: 3.) The irony in this story is that after Mrs. Wright had killed her husband the two men investigating the case had left the kitchen alone even though this could be a huge part the investigation because this is where a women usually spends most of her time, “You're convinced that there was nothing important here--nothing that would point to any motive?" "Nothing here but kitchen things.” (Roberts, 6) And after Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters went into the kitchen to look around and found 3 different clues in the kitchen, irregular sewing on a quilt, the broken bird cage in a kitchen cabinet, and, a dead canary with its neck broken wrapped in silk in a sewing box. This is ironic because the two investigators left the kitchen because they did not think that there would be any clues in there, but there were. So now the women and the audience know more about the case than the two investigators do.

Posted by: Justin Robinson at February 22, 2016 02:25 PM

Hannah Rowe
Dr. Hobbs
English 122 Academic Writing II CAO6
22 February 2016

“Writing About Tone”

Q: #6 Briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in “A Good Man is Hard to Find” by Flannery O’Connor.

A: As Roberts explains, Irony is the contradiction of a certain statement or situation. In Flannery O’Connor’s short story “A Good Man is Hard to Find,” the grandmother makes sure she is dressed up for the car ride so just in case of an accident, “anyone seeing her dead on the highway would know at once that she was a lady”(O’Connor 2). This is an ironic idea, because at the end of the story the Misfit kills the grandmother on the side of the road.

Posted by: Hannah Rowe at February 23, 2016 09:45 PM

Clark de Bullet, Randawnique
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA06
29 February 2016

Irony

Question: Irony in “A Worn Path” and “The Great Gift”.

Answer: There is irony in both short stories “A Worn Path” and “The Greatest Gift”. The irony in “A Worn Path” is cosmic irony where a character’s “best efforts do not rescue them or make then happy” (Roberts 180). Phoenix Jackson makes the same trek over and over again to obtain medicine for her dead grandson (Welty 7). In “The Greatest Gift” the irony is situational. Situational irony “refers to the chasm between what we hope for or expect and actually happens” (Roberts 179). George in the story expects the world to be better without him in it, but he is proved wrong when he has to live the life he wasn’t there for (Van Doren Stern 2).

Posted by: Clark de Bullet at February 29, 2016 11:40 PM

Nastassja Seilchan, Jennifer Belcastro
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122-Academic Writing II CA06
29 February 2016

Question: What is the tone of the story? What is the mood of the story?

Answer: The tone of “A Worn Path” is the author is saying the characters meeting Phoenix are calm. When the man met Phoenix, he was telling her to head back home instead of going to town. He states, “Why, that’s too far! That’s as far as I walk when I come out myself [ . . . ] Now you go home, Granny” (Welty 4). He did not want her to continue going to town and get hurt. The rest of the people she met had the same attitude towards her. The mood of “A Worn Path” is the same as the tone. The reader shows a sense of sadness from what Phoenix have to do for her grandson. That she does more for him than for herself.

Posted by: Jennifer Belcastro at March 1, 2016 12:17 AM

Chloe Lelliott
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing 2 CA06
1 March 2016

Question 5)Using the information for both Edgar V Roberts and the secondary handout on the subject of "tone and irony" briefly discuss the use of tone and/or irony in "Chrysanthemums" by John Steinbeck.

Answer 5) After reading "Chrysanthemums", Edgar V Roberts and the secondary handout I would say that the overall tone of "chrysanthemums" is distant and wistful, this is because as you read the novel, you get the impression that the narrator is a snob. As well as this, the narrator does for force a whole lot of opinion upon the reader, instead he keeps his distance and let's the reader come to their own conclusion.

Posted by: Chloe Lelliott at March 1, 2016 04:32 PM

Allison Cobb, Jennifer Belcastro

Dr. Hobbs

ENG 122 Academic Writing 2 CA06

2 March 2016



The short story An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge by Ambrose Bierce conveys a sardonic tone. He writes in a mocking way, exemplified especially at the end of the story where Farquhar reaches out to his wife but then suddenly dies. Bierce is almost mocking the character himself within the story, writing “He springs forward with extended arms. As he is about to clasp her he feels a stunning blow upon the back of his neck” (Bierce 6). This is sardonic because it is bringing sadness to the reader, which Bierce seems to be mocking their empathies, and it leaves the character hurt/dead.




An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge has a melancholy mood. This can be easily seen through the setting and the dictation of the story. The story starts off with a detailed background of the main character, getting the readers’ invested and gaining their empathies. It then continues to go through the motions of several crushing events. The story is dark and intended to bring the reader down.




The irony in An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge is situational. The readers root for Farquhar throughout the majority of the story. It’s ironic how in the end, he was going to die anyway.

Posted by: Allison Cobb at March 2, 2016 03:10 PM

Nastassja Sielchan and Hannah Rowe
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA06
2 March 2016

The Necklace

Question: What was the main presence of tone, mood, and irony in the story?

Answer: In the story “The Necklace” by Guy de Maupassant, tone, mood, and irony are shown many times throughout the story. While focusing on the main ideas of tone, mood, and irony, we found that the authors tone was judgmental, the mood we felt from reading the story was sympathy, and the presence of irony was the fact that Mathilde and her husband worked their whole lives for something that was not worth it. Tone appears when de Maupassant continuously puts down Mathilde in a way because she constantly lied throughout the story. The author wanted the reader to learn from the story that lying is not the way to go, and it will just cause more trouble. We discovered that after reading this story, we felt sympathy for Mathilde, because even though she did lie, it caused her and her husband to work their whole lives for a piece of costume jewelry. For example, when Mathilde runs into Madame Forestier, and she was “still young, still beautiful, still attractive” and Mathilde was worn out it makes the reader feel bad for Mathilde in a sense (de Maupassant 59). Lastly, there is the presence of Irony. The Necklace was ironic because the necklace that Mathilde borrowed was just costume jewelry, but when she lost it, she thought it was real so she and her husband spent their whole lives working to replace this necklace when it was not even worth it. In the story after Mathilde returns the necklace and tells Madame Forestier the truth, Madame Forestier says, “Oh, my poor Mathilde! But mine was only costume jewelry. It was worth at most five hundred francs!” but Mathilde had already spent much more on a real one (de Maupassant 60).

Posted by: Nastassja Sielchan at March 2, 2016 03:12 PM

Phillip Moss Chloe Lelliott
Dr. Hobbs
English 122 Academic Writing II CAO6
2 March 2016

Question: What is the Tone, Mood and possible Irony in Steinbeck’s “The Chrysanthemums


Answer: In the short story “The Chrysanthemums” by John Steinbeck The mood of the story can be described as neutral or distant. The narrator of the story does not go into depth about the characters feelings or thoughts but rather reports actions as they take place. The use of irony is brought up at the end of the story when Elisa has a moment of importance when she gives the stranger one of her chrysanthemums only to find out that his interest in the flower was faked for him to obtain her pot "He might have thrown them off the road. That wouldn't have been much trouble, not very much. But he kept the pot."(Steinbeck 5).

Posted by: Phillip Moss at March 2, 2016 03:14 PM

Nastassja Sielchan and Hannah Rowe
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA06
2 March 2016

The Necklace

Question: What was the main presence of tone, mood, and irony in the story?

Answer: In the story “The Necklace” by Guy de Maupassant, tone, mood, and irony are shown many times throughout the story. While focusing on the main ideas of tone, mood, and irony, we found that the authors tone was judgmental, the mood we felt from reading the story was sympathy, and the presence of irony was the fact that Mathilde and her husband worked their whole lives for something that was not worth it. Tone appears when de Maupassant continuously puts down Mathilde in a way because she constantly lied throughout the story. The author wanted the reader to learn from the story that lying is not the way to go, and it will just cause more trouble. We discovered that after reading this story, we felt sympathy for Mathilde, because even though she did lie, it caused her and her husband to work their whole lives for a piece of costume jewelry. For example, when Mathilde runs into Madame Forestier, and she was “still young, still beautiful, still attractive” and Mathilde was worn out it makes the reader feel bad for Mathilde in a sense (de Maupassant 59). Lastly, there is the presence of Irony. The Necklace was ironic because the necklace that Mathilde borrowed was just costume jewelry, but when she lost it, she thought it was real so she and her husband spent their whole lives working to replace this necklace when it was not even worth it. In the story after Mathilde returns the necklace and tells Madame Forestier the truth, Madame Forestier says, “Oh, my poor Mathilde! But mine was costume jewelry. It was worth at most five hundred francs!” but Mathilde had already spent much more on a real one (de Maupassant 60). Due to the necklace, Mathilde wanted to improve her class and work less, but instead she ended up going down in class because she had to work her whole life to replace this necklace that was not even worth that much.

Posted by: Revised - Nastassja Sielchan at March 2, 2016 03:16 PM

Randawnique Coakley and Hussam Babge
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing
2 March 2016

Question: What is the tone, mood and irony in the story?

Answer: In the play , “Trifles” by Susan Glaspell, Mr. Wright is killed and the main suspect for his murder is his wife, Mrs. Wright. The tone is serious and depressing. The author tackles serious matters, such as sexism, justice, and murder. There are also some confusion and question over who is right in this situation. Between Mrs. Wright for killing her husband for her emotional abuse and Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters for covering up evidence, the audience is left questioning who right and is justice is served. In the play, the mood is rather ominous and mysterious. The murder of Mr. Wright creates a dark and somber. Also the question of who is responsible for the murder and is justice going to be served creates a mysterious atmosphere.
One thing that is ironic is the reversal in roles. The woman are expected to be submissive and housemakers, whereas the men are expected to be the authority figure and take up jobs as attorney and sheriff. Therefore the men, Mr. Peters, Mr. Hales, and Mr. Henderson, are expected to take control, investigate, and serve justice. This is shown when Mrs. Peters hides the evidence and said, “My, it’s a good thing the men couldn’t hear us. Wouldn’t they just laugh! Getting all stirred up over a little thing like a—dead canary. As if that could have anything to do with—with—wouldn’t they laugh (Glaspell 9)!” This suggests men assumes this knowledge and would dismiss what the women have to say, placing the woman in a submissive role with the men in the authority. However, the men do not accomplish what is expected of them, which is finding evidence of the murder. In fact the women, who expected to not have as much knowledge as the men, find evidence and manages to cover it up. This is rather ironic, and this suggests the Glaspell is portraying woman and men in a different light from their usual stereotypical roles and normal expectations for the society the play is set in.

Posted by: Randawnique Coakley at March 2, 2016 08:30 PM

Vincia Mitchell and Clark de Bullet
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing 11 CA06
2 March 2016

Question: Describe the use of Tone/Mood/Irony in the short story, “The Masque of the Red Death” by Edgar Allan Poe.

Answer: In the short story “The Masque of the Red Death”, the author’s tone towards the characters was fatalistic, which can be referred to as Cosmic Irony. Even though Prince Prospero managed to keep his castle locked while neglecting the cries of his people, the Red Death managed to overcome those barriers and entered his kingdom (Poe 3). Prince Prospero was trying to rewrite his destiny by separating himself from the plague. However, his effort was futile, and the Red Death claimed his life. In addition, Prince Prospero’s name is ironic. The word Prospero derives from the word prosperity, which symbolizes life, wealth, and health. Unfortunately, Prince Prospero was very unlucky since he was unable to secure prosperity for himself and his people.

Furthermore, the mood that is dominant in the story is sorrow/grief. The first paragraph was built on effects of the Red Death and the narrator assures the reader that no pestilence had ever been so fatal, or so hideous (1). The use of the word fatal also influences the reader’s mood because the reader knows that the word fatal refers to death, which causes the reader to become despair over the matter.

Posted by: Vincia Mitchell at March 3, 2016 04:45 PM

Matt Scharr, Omar Martinez
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA06
2 March 2016

Question: Main tone/mood/irony in O’ Connor’s short story.

Answer: The tone of the narrator is a mixture of humor and seriousness. “The children's mother still had on slacks and still had her head tied up in a green kerchief, but the grandmother had on a navy blue straw sailor hat with a bunch of white violets on the brim and a navy blue dress with a small white dot in the print (O’Connor 2).” The irony in this story is when the grandmother is trying to agree with the misfit. But he is rude in away, the ironic thing is that misfit came from good people but that doesn’t mean he is good people. “"Listen," the grandmother almost screamed, "I know you're a good man. You don't look a bit like you have common blood. I know you must come from nice people!" "Yes mam," he said, "finest people in the world." When he smiled he showed a row of strong white teeth. "God never made a finer woman than my mother and my daddy's heart was pure gold," he said (O’Connor 8).”

Posted by: Omar Martinez at March 4, 2016 01:24 AM

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