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January 17, 2013

Edgar V. Roberts' “Writing about Plot and Structure"


Image Source: http://www.d.umn.edu/~moor0145/plot%20diagram%20jpg%20for%20web.jpg

Class,

In the comment box below, . . .

. . . the note-taker/scribe from each group should retype the question your group discussed today in class and provide an answer with quotations from the text to support your answers. You MUST put the page number (or, paragraph number if there are no page numbers) in parentheses after any quotation used.

Enter your work on this text as prescribed in class. For example:

Remember: I have to "approve" all comments so you won't see it immediately after posting. After hitting submit, you should see a screen that confirms this.

We are beginning to use some concepts in our discussions that you may or may have had practice using before. I want to be sure that you have a clear understanding of the words we use in class (no more blank stares!) so be sure you are looking up words you don't feel you yet "own" (means, making it a part of your personal vocabulary) by utilizing your dictionaries to the fullest.

~Dr. Hobbs

_____________________________________

To see other English-Blog entries on the subject of Literature, please click HERE.

Posted by lhobbs at January 17, 2013 02:30 PM

Readers' Comments:

Peter Mercadante
Terance Browne
Ryan nowotny
Dr.Hobbs
Eng. 122 CAO5 Academic Writting II
25 January 2013

Question: According to Edgar V.Roberts, in "Writing about Plot and Structure," what two things should a good plot demonstrate?(a.)In other words, what two things need to be present in an interesting (rather than boring) plot?

Answer:Two things a good plot should have are, motivation causation and cause and effect! An example can be "the King and Queen died of grief" the phrase "of grief" shows that one thing(grief) controls or overcomes another(the normal desire to live), and motivation and causation enter the sequence to form a plot. (Roberts 93)

Posted by: Peter Mercadante at January 25, 2013 09:59 AM

Colby Johnson and Sarah Hatcher
Dr. Hobbs
Eng 311 CA05 Academic Writing 2
25 January 2013

Question: one thing you will be asked to do in this course is to articulate the plot for your short story choice for the annotated bibliography section of your final answer.(A) What is the formula Roberts ascertain the plot of the narrative?(b)Explain the example he uses to illustrate his point.

Answer: (A) According to the second section on page 95, the organization of an essay should not be modeled on sequential sections and principle events. Instead, the organization is to be developed from the important elements of a conflict. (B)On page 95, he uses the example of what he describes as "Boy meets girl", in this example he shows how a conflict can determine a plot by how the events occur.

Posted by: Colby Johnson,Sarah Hatcher at January 25, 2013 10:10 AM

Layth Faraj
Alexandra Rivera-Vega
Dr. Hobbs
Eng 122 CA05
25 Jan 2013

Question: “Conflict,” Robert claims, is a “major element of plot” because of four actions that it creates/produces/causes/arouses in the reader. Identify and explain each of those actions,i.e. what is their connection to one another(or)how does one depend upon the other?

Answer: The four actions that "conflict" creates are curiousity, doubt, tension, and interest. Curiousity is the action of which the audience are looking forward to what will happen next, doubt is when the audience are questionable about the outcome. Tension is when the reader feels the struggle of the outcome, and interest is when the reader gets excited about the outcome. All of these actions are connected because they lead to each other as in without curiousity there would be no doubt, without doubt there's no tension, and without tension there's no interest.
"There should be uncertainty about a protagonist's success or failure. Unless there's doubt, there's no tension and without tension there's no interest." (Roberts 94)

Posted by: Alexandra rivera-vega at January 25, 2013 10:15 AM

Marie Ryan
Angie Fortunak
Dr. Hobbs
Eng 122 CA 08
January 25, 2012

6) Q: Roberts clearly identifies five parts of the structure “skeleton” that can
usually be found in most stories and plays. Identify and explain each one.

A: The five parts that can usually be found in most stories are exposition, complication, crisis, climax, and resolution. Exposition contains the background information. According to Roberts this contains, "The main characters, their background, their characteristics, insights, goals, limitations, potentials, and basic assumptions." (Roberts 99). Complication is the, "onset and development of the major conflict- the plot." (Roberts 99). Crisis is the turning point. According to Roberts this "marks that part of the action where the conflict reaches its greatest tension." (Roberts 99). Climax is the outcome of the crisis. Roberts says, "It is the story's high point and may take the shape of a decision, an action, an affirmation, of denial, or an illumination or realization." (Roberts 99). Resolution is basically the ending of the story. Roberts says, "It is the completing of the story or play after the climax." Roberts 99)

Posted by: Marie Ryan and Angie Fortunak at January 25, 2013 12:01 PM

Jennifer Evans & Jasmine Lowe
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 CA08 Writing About Plot and Structure
25 January 2013


Question: In Roberts’s second sample essay of the chapter, “Conflict and Suspense in
Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” he explains the writer’s use of exposition. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant used exposition in “The Necklace.” You may need to review pages 99 to 100 of this chapter to recall the meanings of this term.

Answer: The exposition of "The Necklace" is when Mathilde loses the necklace Mrs. Forrestier lent her. Another exposition is when Mathilde admits to losing the necklace, but Mrs. Forrestier tells her it was only costume jewelry. "Exposition is the laying out, the putting forth, of story materials- the main characters, interest goals, limitations, potentials, and basic assumptions." (99)

Posted by: Jennifer Evans at January 25, 2013 12:18 PM

Allison and Chris
Dr Hobbs
ENG 122 CA08
25/1/2012

Question 12: On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what “the resolution” of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant presented the resolution in “The Necklace.”

Answer: The resolution of a narrative is the completion of a story after the climax. It is used by authors to avoid losing their readers’ interest after the climax. In “The Necklace” Guy de Maupassant presents the resolution after explaining how the woman tried to make up for losing the necklace. He surprises the reader by showing that the necklace was not worth much at all: “Oh, my poor Mathilde! But mine was only costume jewelry. At most, it was worth only five hundred francs!...” He concludes the story with this sentence page 60.

Posted by: Chris Lavie at January 25, 2013 04:18 PM

Jade Lowe
Analisa Johnson
Dr.Hobbs
ENG 122 CA08
27 January 2013

Question:In order to show you one way to discuss a story's plot, in his first sample essay of the chapter, "Conflicting Values in Thomas Hardy's 'The Three Strangers,'" Roberts identifies one of the chief conflicts. For this question, identify and explain all the conflicts in Guy de Maupassant's "The Necklace" and in what order they occurred.

Answer: According to Guy de Maupassant's "The Necklace" the first conflict is that Mathilde has nothing to wear to the party (page 55 line 20). The second conflict reveals Mathilde has no jewels to wear with her dress (page 55 line 32). The third conflict indicates that Mathilde lost the necklace that her friend Mrs. Forrestier let her borrow(page 57 line 65). The fourth conflict is that Mathilde doesn't know how to tell Mrs. Forrestier that she lost her necklace (page 58 line 83. The fifth conflict is that Mathilde and her Mr. Loisel have to come up with thirty-six thousand francs to replace the necklace (page 58 line 91).

Posted by: Jade Lowe at January 27, 2013 01:31 AM

Kathryn White, Octavia Robinson
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 CA05
25 January 2013
Question: In this chapter article, Roberts discusses the concept of conflict. (a.)
Define his explanation of “conflict,” i.e. what does it really mean? and (b.)
who/what three manifestations can a conflict express itself?

According to Roberts, “conflict refers to people or circumstances that a character must face and try to overcome.” (P93) Conflict, according to Roberts is also the controlling part of the events that take place, the causes and effects of the story line. Put simply, conflict Is opposition between two people, or groups of people, that is caused by various amounts of actions. A conflict can express itself between (1) two people, (2) a group, or groups of people, and (3) the conflict may be abstract, or portrayed through ideas. Another form of conflict that Roberts refers to is ‘dilemma’, which is the conflict that a person has with themselves.

Posted by: Kathryn White at January 27, 2013 12:43 PM

Octavio Herrera, Jacob Gates
Dr.Hobbs
Academic Writing II CA04
27 January 2013

Question: On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what “the resolution” of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant presented the resolution in “The Necklace.”

Answer: Resolution completes the story after the climax; In The Necklace the resolution come after Mathilde has worked for a decade trying to pay back for the diamond necklace that she had lost. The resolution would be when Mathilde bumps into her friend after many years and she finds out that the necklace that she had been working so hard to pay back had been fake “oh, my poor Mathilde! But mine was only worth only five hundred francs…”(Roberts 60).

Posted by: Octavio Herrera, Jacob Gates at January 27, 2013 03:33 PM

Jazmine Dixon and Marquisa Turner
Dr.Hobbs
English 122 CA05 Writing about Literature
26 Jan 2013

Question: In order to show you one way to discuss a story’s plot, in his first sample essay of the chapter, “Conflicting Values in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” Roberts identifies one of the chief conflicts. For this question, identify and explain all the conflicts in Guy de Maupassant’s “The Necklace and in what order they occurred.

Answer: The conflict in The Necklace by Guy de Maupassant is that Mathilde Loisel (the protagonist in the story) borrows a necklace from her friend Madame Forestier that she believes is a very valuable one. Mathilde Loisel ends up losing the necklace, embarrassed about the situation she does not tell her friend Madame Forestier that she had lost it. Instead, her husband Monsieur Loisel works for ten years to replace this necklace. Come to find out the necklace that had gotten lost had no value at all. This quote explains what type of person Mathilde Loisel was and why she was to prideful to let her friend know that she had lost the necklace, She was one of those pretty and charming girls, born by a blunder of destiny in a family of employees. She had no dowry, no expectations, no means of being known, understood, loved, married by a man rich and distinguished; and she let them make a match for her with a little clerk in the Department of Education.(1)

Posted by: Jazmine Dixon at January 27, 2013 05:00 PM

Alexia Chambers and Jose Garcia
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 CA04
January 25, 2013
10. In Roberts’s second sample essay of the chapter, “Conflict and Suspense in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” he explains how the writer sets up suspense and the crisis of the major conflict. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant revealed the crisis in “The Necklace.” You may need to review pages 99 to 100 of this chapter to recall the meanings of this term.
We would say Guy de Maupassant reveals two crises in “The Necklace” The first crises would be when Mathilde notices she lost the necklace and the second crisis at the end when Ms. Forrestier tells her it was just costume jewelry. He reveals the first crisis after the party, Mathilde goes to take off the necklace, and she notices its not there. The second crisis is revealed after 10 years Ms Forrestier and Mathilde meet again and Mathilde tells her she has no money left after buying her a new necklace and she tells her there was no need because it was fake.

Posted by: Alexia Chambers at January 27, 2013 09:31 PM

Adrianna Johnson
Ana DeMario
Dr. Hobbs
ENG122 CA04 Edgar V. Roberts' “Writing about Plot and Structure"
27 January 2013

Question 8: In Roberts’s second sample essay of the chapter, “Conflict and Suspense in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” he explains the writer’s use of
exposition. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant used
exposition in “The Necklace.” You may need to review pages 99 to 100 of
this chapter to recall the meanings of this term.

Answer: According to Roberts exposition is the laying out of the story, and anything new that interest the reader. In The Necklace he illustrates exposition in the beginning of the story when he describes Mrs. Louisel’s character. “She was a simple person, without the money to dress well, but she was as unhappy as if she had gone through bankruptcy for women have neither rank nor race” (Maupassant 53). He also displays it at the end of the story when he throws in a twist informing Mrs. Louisel and the readers that the necklace was only costume jewelry. “ Oh, my poor Mathilde! But mine was only costume jewelry. At most, it was worth only five hundred francs!...” (Maupassant 60).

Posted by: Adrie Johnson at January 27, 2013 09:47 PM

Jillian Stolzenburg, Lauren Irish
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 CA05
28 January 2013

Question: Roberts clearly identifies five parts of the structure “skeleton” that can
usually be found in most stories and plays. Identify and explain each one.

Answer: The exposition is the "laying out, putting forth, of story materials" (roberts 99). Basically it is when the general information of the story is given. Not subjected to the beginning of the story, the exposition can be found anywhere. "Whenever something new arises, to the degree that it is new it is part of exposition" (roberts 99). Next is the complication. The complication is the development of the problem in the story. This generally effects the protagonist and antagonist. The third part of the structure is the crisis. "…the crisis is the point at which curiosity, uncertainty, and tension are greatest" This is when the conflict becomes extremely important. The fourth part is the climax. Generally toward the end, the climax is the "consequence of the crisis" (roberts 99). Also it is the "high point" (roberts 99). Many people think of the climax as the exciting part of the story. The final part of the structure "skeleton" is the resolution or denouement. This is when the story starts to end "…after the story's major conflicts are finished, the job of the denouement (resolution) is to tie things up as quickly as possible. These five parts come together to create the structure that can be found in almost every story.

Posted by: Jillian Stolzenburg at January 28, 2013 08:34 AM

Jordan Miller, Briyana
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 CA08
25 Jan 2012

Question 10: In Roberts’s second sample essay of the chapter, “Conflict and Suspense in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” he explains how the writer sets up suspense and the crisis of the major conflict. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant revealed the crisis in “The Necklace.” You may need to review pages 99 to 100 of this chapter to recall the meanings of this term.
Answer: According to Roberts, the crisis marks the part of the action where the conflict reaches its greatest tension (Roberts, 99). In the Necklace, the crisis is first noted when Mrs. Loisel noticed that the necklace was missing and began to panic. But the loosing of the necklace was only the conflict; the crisis came after when they had to borrow thousands and thousands of dollars to acquire enough currency to pay for a new necklace. The hardships of their life came after all that, trying to pay back all that was borrowed. And come to find out that it all for a piece of costume jewelry.

Posted by: Jordan Miller, Briyana at January 28, 2013 09:19 AM

Brynn Laverdure and Vintoria
Dr. Hobbs
Eng 122 CA08 Academic Writing 2
25 January 2013

Question: In Roberts’s second sample essay of the chapter, “Conflict and Suspense in
Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” he explains how the writer sets
up the complication. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant
set up the complication in “The Necklace.” You may need to review pages
99 to 100 of this chapter to recall the meanings of this term.

Answer: There were minor complications in the story of "The Necklace". However, the major complication in the story "The Necklace" would be the fact that they went into debt trying to buy a replica of the necklace when in reality the necklace she borrowed in he first place was not even real. For a portion of their lives they were constantly trying to earn money towards buying the necklace. In the story it says that "this life lasted ten years"(Maupassant 59).

Posted by: Brynn Laverdure at January 28, 2013 10:00 AM

Habib Balde & Chris Burke
Dr. Hobbs
Eng 122 CA04
January 28th 2013


Question: In Roberts’s second sample essay of the chapter, “Conflict and Suspense in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” he explains how the writer sets up the complication. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant set up the complication in “The Necklace.” You may need to review pages 99 to 100 of this chapter to recall the meanings of this term.
Answer: As defined in the readings, complication “ is the onset and development of the major conflict- the plot”. In reference to “The Necklace” the author, Guy de Maupassant did a great job into slowly developing the major conflict. The author begins by introducing the protagonist to the readers and giving her a materialistic greedy image. The plot continues to play and the reader understands that she lost the necklace she believed was very expensive. As I have stated before the author gradually introduces the conflict though the characters rather than just having the conflict.

Posted by: Habib Balde & chris Burke at January 28, 2013 11:10 AM

Maryerie Rojas
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA 08
15 September 2013

Question 11: On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what “the climax” of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant presented the climax in “The Necklace.”

Answer: Roberts explains that the climax “may take the shape of a decision [or], an action” (100). In “The Necklace”, the climax is represented when Mr. and Mrs. Loisel decide to replace the missing necklace. They chose to use all of their savings and and borrow money to replace the necklace they lose (de Maupassant 58).

Posted by: Maryerie Rojas at September 15, 2013 06:46 PM

Madison Owens
Dr. Hobbs
Eng 122 Academic Writing II CA08
15 September 2013

Question #16: "In order to show you one way to discuss a story’s plot, in his first sample essay of the chapter, “Conflicting Values in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” Roberts identifies one of the chief conflicts. For this
question, identify and explain all the conflicts in Jonathan Nolan’s “Memento Mori” and in what order they occurred."

Answer: The first conflict in "Memento Mori" is the character's wife's murder, leading to the injury he receives from the murderer. Nolan writes, "Maybe then he notices the scar. It begins just beneath the ear, jagged and thick, and
disappears abruptly into his hairline. Earl turns his head and stares out of the corner of his
eye to follow the scar's progress. He traces it with a fingertip" (Nolan 3). We can infer in this paragraph that his injury has created a conflict by being the reason he has lost his memory. With the first conflict being the rape and death of his wife, which also led to the result of his injury, the second conflict being his injury and it resulting in memory loss, we come to the final conflict of the story. The husband finally hunts down the murderer of his wife and successfully kills him with the only problem being that he does not have a pen on him to write this event down. The realization sets in when we read, "Earl's smile fades a little. Something has occurred to him. He begins to pat down his pockets; leisurely at first, like a man looking for his keys, then a little more desperately. Maybe his progress is impeded by a set of handcuffs. He begins to empty the contents of his pockets out onto the seat next to him. Some money. A bunch of keys. Scraps of paper. A round metal lump rolls out of his pocket and slides across the vinyl seat. Earl is frantic
now. He hammers at the plastic divider between him and the driver, begging the man for a
pen" (Nolan 9). This is the greatest and final conflict in the story because now that the man has finally completed the task he's been working so hard to do, in ten minutes once his memory resets, he will not remember the the murderer is dead, and he will continue day after day looking for a man that no longer exists.

Posted by: Madison Owens at September 15, 2013 11:02 PM

Tyiasha Bailey
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA08
14 September 2013

Question: On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what “the climax”
of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Edgar Allan Poe
presented the climax in “A Tell-Tale Heart.”
18.

Answer: Edgar Allan Poe presented the climax in "A Tell-Tale Heart" by first stating the fact that the main character has killed an old man who had an eagle eye. Then Poe goes into explaining how he goes about killing the old man. He says "Now this is the point. You fancy me mad. Madmen know nothing. But you should have seen me. You should have seen how wisely I proceeded—with what caution—with what foresight—with what dissimulation I went to work! I was never kinder to the old man than during the whole week before I killed him (Poe 3)." So, the climax of the story was at the beginning when we found out that the main character had killed the old man who had a disturbing eye.

Posted by: Tyiasha Bailey at September 16, 2013 12:04 AM

Rebecca Liller
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA08
15 September 2013

Question: In order to show you one way to discuss a story’s plot, in his first sample essay of the chapter. “Conflicting Values in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers’ “Roberts identifies one of the chief conflicts. For this question, identify and explain all the conflicts in Guy de Maupassant’s “The Necklace” and in what order they occurred.

Answer: The first conflict in the story The Necklace starts out with the narrator explaining the protagonist in the story, Mathilde and the conflict within herself. Mathilde is very upset because she wants all of these nice things that her rich friend has, but she cannot afford to have any of it. So she sits all day crying and feeling jealous that people have all of these wonderful treasures that she is not able to receive. The next conflict in the story is that Mathilde gets invited to this big party by her husband, who is a static character in the story, but she has nothing to wear. So Mathilde gets very angry at her husband, so this next conflict being man vs. man, and she starts getting worried about not having a dress to this big party her husband gave her an invitation for. A major conflict that next happened was the necklace got lost at the party, and the only thing that Mathilde could think of was replacing the necklace for her rich friend so she would not get caught. Mathilde and her husband had to work really hard to get the money to buy the diamond necklace, so they aged almost 10 years. The couple got rid of their maids and the husband had to take on more hours at work, and in the end they found at from their rich friend the necklace was fake, so the conflict then remained internal between the couple for now the rest of their lives.

Posted by: Rebecca Liller at September 16, 2013 12:32 AM

Julieann Sauter
Dr. Hobbs
Eng. 122 Academic Writing II CA 08
16 September 2013

Question: In this chapter, Roberts discusses the concept of conflict. (a.) Define his explanation of “conflict,” (i.e. what does it really mean?) and (b.) who/what three manifestations can conflict express itself?

Answer:
Roberts defines conflict as “the controlling impulse in a connected pattern of cause and effect” (Roberts 93). In simple terms, conflict is when two parties are against each other and takes the form of anger, hatred, avoidance, etc. Conflict can manifest itself in three ways as a person versus another person, a group against another group, or in an abstract manner such as a person versus something larger than them including God, nature, or government (Roberts 94).

Posted by: Julieann Sauter at September 16, 2013 03:04 AM

Q- One thing you will be asked to do in this course is to articulate the plot of your short story choice for the annotated bibliography section of your final paper. (a.) What is the formula that Roberts recommends to ascertain the plot of a narrative? (b.) Explain the example he uses to illustrate his point.

A
a- Roberts recommends a plot with conflict. Conflict peaks curiosity, doubt, and creates competition. Simple boy meets girl plots are boring because without conflict there is no tension, and tension helps keep the reader engaged.
b- Roberts spices up his “boy meets girl” story by stretching it over a span of many years. He introduces a conflict that would separate the couple for years. This example of John wanting Jane to have children sooner rather than later is realistic, and this keeps us reading until the very end where the two meet up and rekindle their love.

Posted by: Luis Martinez at September 16, 2013 09:11 AM

Michael Ossolinski
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA08
16 September 2013

Question:In order to show you one way to discuss a story’s plot, in his first
sample essay of the chapter, “Conflicting Values in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The
Three Strangers,’ ” Roberts identifies one of the chief conflicts. For this
question, identify and explain all the conflicts in Ambrose Bierce’s “An
Occurrence on Owl Creek Bridge” and in what order they occurred

Answer: 1. Union army vs man- this conflict arose because the army hung the man, but the man did save the bridge from being burned down
2. man vs his inner thoughts- the man had a choice to make whether to fight or flight; he decided to fight for his life, but it ultimately cost him his life

Proof: (p.2,last two paragraphs) both explain the definition of a conflict and how to determine the conflict of a story

Posted by: Michael Ossolinski at September 16, 2013 09:57 AM

Emma De Rhodo
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA08
16 September 2013

Question #6: “Roberts clearly identifies five parts of the structure “skeleton” that can usually be found in most stories and plays. Identify and explain each one.”

Answer: Edgar Roberts, in his article “Writing about Plot and Structure: The Development and Organization of Narratives and Drama,” says there are five aspects of structure that make up “a skeleton, a pattern of development”(Roberts 8). They are exposition, complication, crisis, climax, and resolution or dénouement. The first aspect of structure the author discusses is exposition; the expository parts of the story are the parts in which new pieces of the story are being introduced. These new pieces may be new characters or new information(Roberts 8). The next aspect of structure Roberts mentions is the complication of the story. He says the complication is “the onset and development of the major conflict—the plot”(Roberts 8). Next, Roberts identifies the crisis of a story. He says this is the part of the story which takes place when the conflict is at its highest amount of pressure. The author mentions that while the crisis is happening, an action is done in order for the conflict to end(Roberts 8). Next, Roberts expands on the definition of the climax of a story; he mentions that this action is what happens as an effect of the crisis(Roberts 8). The final aspect of structure Roberts describes is the resolution or dénouement of a story. He says this part is the ending part of a story, and it is usually brief(Roberts 9). The resolution occurs after the climax, and it brings the story to its close(Roberts 9).

Posted by: Emma De Rhodo at September 16, 2013 10:24 AM

Kiara Michelle Burgos Diaz
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA 08
16 September 2013

Question: According to Edgar V. Roberts, in “Writing about Plot and Structure, “What two things should a good plot demonstrate? (a.) In other words, what two things need to be present in an interesting (rather than boring) plot? (b.) Why?

Answer: According with the article, “Writing about Plot and Structure” from Edgar V. Roberts, a good plot should have two important elements: Motivation and Causation. The author mentions, “In a well-plotted story or play, one thing precedes or follow another not simply because times ticks away but because effects follow causes” (Roberts 93). This gives us to understand that in every plot must have an action that create a result, but not so, the plot would become boring because other words would need the essence of a cause. Roberts uses the example of the English novelist EM Forster, who in Aspects of the Novel, provides a good example of what the plot is. When he proposes, "The king died, and then the queen died," the author mentions that the sequence of this plot would result, not from a lack of Motivation and Causation. Instead if to say, "The king died, and then the queen died of grief." To add a reason to plot (grief) that controls and Overcome the Contrary desire to live.

Posted by: Kiara M Burgos Diaz at September 16, 2013 10:57 AM

Taina Valcarcel
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA08

Question: In Roberts’s second sample essay of the chapter, “Conflict and Suspense in
Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” he explains how the writer sets up the complication. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant set up the complication in “The Necklace.” You may need to review pages 99 to 100 of this chapter to recall the meanings of this term.

Answer:The complication in "The Necklace" is when Mrs. Loisel loses the necklace that her friend let her borrow for a formal event that the Chancellor of Education invited her two. the author set up the complication by stating Mrs. Loisel's envy toward the rich, "She had no decent dresses, no jewels, nothing. And she loved nothing but these; she believed herself born only for these. She burned with the desire to please, to be envied, to be attractive, and sought after" (Maupassant, 54).

Posted by: Taina Valcarcel at September 16, 2013 12:41 PM

Ti’rani Rye
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA08
16 September 2013
Question: In order to show you one way to discuss a story’s plot, in his first sample essay of the chapter, “Conflicting Values in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” Roberts identifies one of the chief conflicts. For this question, identify and explain all the conflicts in Susan Glaspell’s “A Jury of Her Peers” and in what order they occurred.
Answer: The conflict that first arose was the men looking and realizing that the woman killed her husband. The second conflict would be that the women had to hide that they found the dead bird and Martha put the bird in her pocket.

Posted by: Ti'rani Rye at September 16, 2013 01:42 PM

Mike Ossolinski, Julieann Sauter, Jeff Wingfield
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA08
16 September 2013

Question: “Conflict,” Robert claims, is a “major element of plot” because of four
actions that it creates/produces/causes/arouses in the reader. Identify and
explain each of those actions, i.e. what is their connection to one another
(or) how does one depend upon the other?

Answer: A. curiosity, doubt, tension, and interest
B. curiosity- wanting to know

Doubt- being unsure

Tension- disagreement between 2 characters
Interest- want to know more about something
C. their connection is they all create conflict
D. curiosity and doubt raises tension so were interested in finding out how the tension is resolved

Proof: p.94, paragraph 2, Q3

Posted by: Michael Ossolinski at September 16, 2013 01:58 PM

Maryerie Rojas, Ryan Voss, Ti’rani Rye
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA 08
16 September 2013

Question 5: If you have been paying attention to the topic of Roberts’s article, you will recall that it is focused on both “Plot” and “Structure.” These two concepts, however, are not the same. (a.) What makes them different? (b.) Explain some of the “matters” that the study of structure devotes itself to.

Answer: Roberts explains that plot is concerned with conflicts and that structure defines the layouts of work (98). The matters of structure are explained by Roberts as “placement, balance, recurring themes, true and misleading conclusions, suspense, and the imitation of models or forms” of different types works (99).

Posted by: Maryerie Rojas, Ryan Voss, Ti’rani Rye at September 16, 2013 02:04 PM

Sade Loiseau, Taina Valcarcel, Alex Koufas
Dr. Hobbs
Eng. 122
16 September 2013


Question 2: In this chapter article, Roberts discusses the concept of conflict. (A.)
Define his explanation of “conflict,” i.e. what does it really mean? (B.) who/what three manifestations can a conflict express itself?

Answer: (A) Individuals or surroundings that a chapter must face and try to overcome. “The controlling impulse in a connected pattern of causes and effects is conflicts, which refers to people or circumstances that a character must face and try to overcome (Edgar 93)”.Most conflicts does not get resolve which is where dilemma comes in. As Edgar would say “-it’s a natural conflict for individual person (Edgar 94)”. Conflict really means “opposition of two people (Edgar 93)”.
(B)The three manifestation is directed to doubt, tension, and interest. Robert states that “conflict is the major element of plot because opposing forces arouse curiosity, cause doubt, create tension, and produce interest (Edgar 94)”.

Posted by: Sade Loiseau at September 16, 2013 02:57 PM

Luis Martinez group #1 response
Dr.Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II
9/16/13

1. According to Edgar V. Roberts, in “Writing about Plot and Structure” what two things should a good plot demonstrate? (a.)In other words, what two things need to be present in an interesting (rather than boring) plot? (b.) Why?

As said by Edgar V. Roberts, without motivation & causation a fictional story can be too much like life itself. The story becomes uninteresting and lacks the enticing details which keep the reader immersed in the story. He uses the example of “The king died, and then the queen died”, which sounds like a statement. As opposed to “the king died, and then the queen died of grief” which leaves us questioning the back-story to the kind dying and why the queen took it so harshly.

Posted by: Luis Martinez at September 16, 2013 04:05 PM

Tori Thomas
Rebecca Liller
Ryan MacCarthy
Dr Hobbs
Academic Writing 2 ENG 122 CA16
17 September 2013


Question: One thing you will be asked to do in this course is to articulate the plot of your short story choice for the annotated bibliography section of your final paper. (a.) What is the formula that Roberts recommends to ascertain the plot of a narrative? (b.) Explain the example he uses to illustrate his point.

Answer: According to Roberts, finding the conflict in a story is the first step to finding the main plot. The example he used in this structure was Jane’s story. Two people who’s love was reunited and became a widow.

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*NOTE* The deadline for this particular assignment has now passed. Any comments listed below are *ONLY* for the reposting of comments that I specifically asked to be revised or are ones from non-student posters. Any 'student' posts below that missed the assignment deadline will not get credit for the assignment. ~ Dr. Hobbs

Posted by: Tori Thomas at September 17, 2013 11:03 PM

Maxx Howarth
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG122 Academic Writing II CA12
31 January 2014

QUESTION #12:
On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what "the resolution" of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant presented the resolution in "The Necklace."

ANSWER:
The resolution to a story, by definition, is "the completing of the story or play after the climax, for once the climax has occurred, the work's tension and uncertainty are finished" (Roberts 100). Thus, in the story "The Necklace," the resolution is depicted through the one Sunday Mrs. Loisel, whilst strolling through the Champs-Elysees, notices Mrs. Forrestier. She then approaches the Mrs. Forrestier, and after a decade's passing, finally confesses that she had lost the necklace that had been lent to her, but has finally managed to pay of the debt replacing it had costed her. Mrs. Forrestier then replies, "Oh, my poor Mathilde! But mine was only costume jewelry. At most, it was worth only five hundred francs!..." (de Maupassant 60). Therefore, we receive the sense of closure and conclusion brought on upon us after finally knowing if the Loisels' debt is ever payed off, what winds up happening to Mrs. Loisel everything, and if Mrs. Loisel ever tells Mrs. Forrestier that she replaced her necklace, and if so, how does she respond?

Posted by: Maxx Howarth at January 31, 2014 02:15 PM

Bianca T. Smith
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
Academic Writing II CA12
2 Feb. 2014

Question #1: According to Edgar V. Roberts, in "Writing about Plot and Structure," what two things should a good plot demonstrate? (a.) In other words, what two things need to be present in an interesting (rather than boring) plot? (b.) Why?

Answer:The first thing that plot should demonstrate is conflict. "Conflict is the major element of plot because opposing forces arouse curiosity, cause doubt, create tension, and produce interest"(Roberts 3). The second thing that a plot should demonstrate is complication."The major participants are the protagonist and antagonist, together with whatever ideas or values they represent, such as good or evil, freedom or oppression, independence or dependence, love or hate, intelligence or stupidity, or knowledge or ignorance" (Roberts 8). These both make the story and plot very interesting. Without these two, the story would be boring and there wouldn't be an interesting plot.


Posted by: Bianca T. Smith at February 1, 2014 01:22 PM

Gabriela Caminero
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
1 February 2014

Question #3:
“Conflict,” Robert claims, is a “major element of plot” because of four actions that it creates/produces/causes/arouses in the reader. Identify and explain each of those actions, i.e. what is their connection to one another (or) how does one depend upon the other?

Answer:
The four actions are the arousal of curiosity, cause of doubt, creation of tension and the product of interest (Robert 3). What it means to arouse curiosity is to keep the reader curious on what is going to happen to the protagonist in the story. Cause of doubt is when you keep the reader doubtful on an even that might occur in the story. Creation of tension is that moment when something big is going to happen in the story involving the protagonist and the reader is doubtful on what might happen. Lastly, product of interest is what keeps the reader interested in the story. These elements all tie in together because, “there should be uncertainty about a protagonist’s success or failure. Unless there is no doubt, there is no tension, and without tension there is no interest (Roberts 3).

Posted by: Gabriela Caminero at February 1, 2014 03:50 PM

Sarah A Ellis
Dr. B Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
3 February 2014

Question 11:
On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what “the climax” of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant presented the climax in “The Necklace.”

Answer:
A story’s climax “is the high point and takes the shape of decision, an action, an affirmation or denial, or an illumination or a realization” (Roberts 99). In the story ‘The Necklace,’ the climax was the loss of Mrs. Forrestier’s diamond necklace. After the dinner, Mathilde realized that the necklace she borrowed was gone. Both Mathilde and her husband searched everywhere for it but could not find the necklace. The loss of the expensive necklace was the highest point of the story which makes this the climax of ‘The Necklace.’

Posted by: Sarah Ellis at February 1, 2014 04:16 PM

Makenzie Holler
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
2 February 2013

Question #4: One thing you ail be asked to do in this course is to articulate the plot of your short story choice for the annotated bibliography section on your final paper. (a.) What is the formula that Roberts recommends to ascertain the plot of a narrative? (b.) Explain the example he used to illustrate his point.

Answer: The formula that Roberts demonstrates to us is to "Find the conflict" (Roberts 94). He uses an example of a guy and a girl meeting, falling in love then getting married. However, there is a plot presented, there is no conflict which make the story boring for the reader to read. Roberts then approaches another story of "Boy meets girl" (Roberts 94). Even though both of the stories have the same meaning, one story presents conflict while the other does not. Boy meets girl has both a conflict and a plot, "These complications embody disagreements, choices, arguments, and ill feelings that produce tension, uncertainty, rupture and regret" (Roberts 95). Since the "Boy meets girl" is has a much more conflicting story, the reader is most likely to enjoy it more.

Posted by: Makenzie Holler at February 2, 2014 02:42 PM

Sawyer Hand
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
3 February 2014

Question: Roberts clearly identifies five parts of the structure "skeleton" that can usually be found in most stories and plays. Identify and explain each one.

Answer: Roberts identifies five parts of the "skeleton" structure. The first of these five is exposition. Roberts explains exposition as the following, "Exposition is the laying out, the putting forth, of story materials-the main characters, their backgrounds, their characteristics, interests, goals, limitations, potentials, and basic assumptions" (Roberts 99).
The second of the five "skeleton" structure is complication. Roberts explains this as the following, "Complication is the onset and development of the major conflict-the plot" (Roberts 99). The third of the five is crisis. The author explains this as, "Crisis(a separating, distinguished, or turning point) marks that part of the action where the conflict reaches its greatest tension" (Roberts 99). The next of the five is climax. In the writing this is explained as, "climax is a consequence of the crisis, it is the story's high point and may take the shape of a decision, an action, an affirmation or denial, or an illumination or a realization"(Roberts 99). The last of the five structures is resolution. Roberts explains this as, "resolution is the completing of the story or play after the climax, for once the climax has occurred, the work's tension and uncertainty are finished, and most authors conclude quickly to avoid losing their reader' interest" (Roberts 99).

Posted by: sawyer hand at February 2, 2014 02:59 PM

Jeffrey Wingfield Hubert Reuter
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
2 February 2014

In Roberts’s second sample essay of the chapter, “Conflict and Suspense in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” he explains how the writer sets up the complication. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant set up the complication in “The Necklace.” You may need to review pages 99 to 100 of this chapter to recall the meanings of this term.

In, “The Necklace,” Maupassant sets up complications both with the invitation to the party and with the discovery that the necklace was missing. However, there is no real conflict until, “The necklace was no longer around her neck!” (Maupassant 6)

Posted by: Jeffrey Wingfield at February 2, 2014 07:41 PM

James Jessop
Dr. B. Lee. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
26 January 2014

Question 1 - According to Edgar V. Roberts, in “Writing about Plot and Structure,” what two things should a good plot demonstrate? (a.) In other words, what two things need to be present in an interesting (rather than boring) plot? (b.) Why?

Answer:
According to Roberts, two things that a good plot should demonstrate are “motivation and causation” (Roberts 93) and cause and effect. In terms of order, Roberts writes how one should precede the other in a good plot, “because effects follow causes” (Roberts 93). Why should a good plot demonstrate these? They are put in place to try to avoid boredom on behalf of the reader, and to avoid being “too much like life to be fictional” (Roberts 93).

Posted by: James Jessop at February 2, 2014 11:44 PM

Berlin Waters
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
3 February 2014

Question #2:
In this chapter article, Roberts discusses the concept of conflict. (a.) Define his explanation of “conflict,” i.e. what does it really mean? and (b.) who/what three manifestations can a conflict express itself?

Answer:
Roberts describes a conflict simply as "the opposition of two people" (Roberts 93). A conflict in a story can be portrayed in three main ways such as "man vs man", "man vs nature", and "man vs himself".

Posted by: Berlin Waters at February 3, 2014 02:35 AM

Shelby Marrero
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG Academic Writing II CA12
3 Feb. 2014

Question #10:
In Roberts’s second sample essay of the chapter, “Conflict and Suspense
in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” he explains how the writer sets
up suspense and the crisis of the major conflict. For this question,
explain how Guy de Maupassant revealed the crisis in “The Necklace.” You
may need to review pages 99 to 100 of this chapter to recall the meanings
of this term.

Answer:
Guy de Maupassant revealed the crisis by showing the complications of how the couple had to go through a struggle to find the necklace. The crisis was when the woman ended up having to replace it because she wasn't truthful from the beginning. (Roberts 8)

Posted by: Shelby Marrero at February 3, 2014 09:46 AM

Traneisha Cunningham
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
3 February 2013

QUESTION #8:
In Roberts's second sample essay of the chapter, "Conflict and Suspense in Thomas Hardy's 'The Three Strangers,' " he explains the writer's use of exposition. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant used exposition in "The Necklace." You may need to review pages 99 to 100 of this chapter to recall the meanings of this term.

ANSWER:
Guy de Maupassant used exposition in "The Necklace" by at the beginning of the story he explains the main character's lifestyle and contrasted it with how she dreamed and wished her lifestyle was. Throughout the story Maupassant continuously contrasts the upper class lifestyle to the lower lifestyle to which the main character was living showing the exposition Maupassant was using in his story. "Exposition is the laying out, the putting forth, of story materials - the main characters, their backgrounds, their characteristics, interests, goals, limitations, potentials, and basic assumptions" (Edgar 99). In Maupassant's "The Necklace" the main character's interest is stressed throughout the whole story until the ending which goes to show how the character's greedy interest lead to consequences which caused her lifestyle to struggle even more than before.

Posted by: Traneisha Cunningham at February 3, 2014 10:17 AM

Hubert Reuter Jeffrey Wingfield Traneisha Cunningham
Dr .B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
03 February 2014

Question:
In order to show you one way to discuss a story’s plot, in his first
sample essay of the chapter, “Conflicting Values in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The
Three Strangers,’ ” Roberts identifies one of the chief conflicts. For this
question, identify and explain all the conflicts in Jonathan Nolan’s
“Memento Mori” and in what order they occurred.

Answer:
In the story Memento Mori 1of the 2 of the main conflicts that occurred are man vs. himself because Earl cannot remember anything past 10 minutes (Nolan 1). The other main conflict is man vs. man because he leaves himself notes and gets tattoos to remember that a man killed his wife and wants to get revenge through killing him (Nolan 7).

Posted by: Hubert Reuter, Jeffery Wingfield, Traneisha Cunninham at February 3, 2014 10:57 AM

Maxx Howarth & Sergio Velazquez
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG122 Academic Writing II CA12
3 February 2014

QUESTION #17:
On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what "the climax" of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Edgar Allan Poe presented in "A Tell-Tale Heart."

ANSWER:
A climax, by definition, is "a consequence of the crisis, it is the story's high point and may take the shape of a decision, an action, an affirmation or denial, or an illumination or realization" (Roberts 99). Thus, within Poe's "A Tell-Tale Heart," the climax is clearly depicted within the madness/obsession overcoming the narrator once the eerie sound of the old man's heart beat from beneath the floorboards begins to drive him insane (Poe 6). This beating then leads to the narrator confessing his crime to the officers, which provides the story with a resolution (Poe 8).

Posted by: Maxx Howarth at February 3, 2014 11:09 AM

Bianca T. Smith & James Jessop
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
Academic Writing II CA12
3 Feb. 2014

Question #18:On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what “the climax”
of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Ambrose Bierce presented the climax in “An Occurrence on Owl Creek Bridge.”

Answer: In the story, An Occurrence on Owl Creek Bridge, Bierce presented the climax at the end where the soldier was dead and hanging by his broken neck. The whole story presented itself as if he was still alive but he was thinking about everything that happened when he was about to be hanged. "Payton Farquhar was dead; his body, with a broken neck, swung gently from side to side beneath the timbers of the Owl Creek bridge" (Bierce 12). Roberts explained the climax in this way which described how the story "An Occurrence on Owl Creek Bridge" was set up. "may take the shape of "an illumination or a realization" (Roberts 99).


Posted by: Bianca T. Smith at February 3, 2014 11:17 AM

Sarah Ellis
Makenzie Holler
Dr. B Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12

Question 14:
In order to show you one way to discuss a story’s plot, in his first sample essay of the chapter, “Conflicting Values in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’” Roberts Identifies one of the chief conflicts. For this question, identify and explain all the conflicts in Edgar Allan Poe’s “A Tell Tale Heart” and in what order they occurred.

Answer:
In the story ‘Tell Tale Heart,’ the main conflict was the murder of the old man. The narrator killed the old man because he could not stand the sight of the old man’s ‘evil eye.’ Another conflict in the story would be that episode the narrator had with the police at the end of the story. The worry and guilt overcame the narrator which caused him to blurt out his crime of the old man’s murder to the police.

Posted by: Sarah Ellis at February 3, 2014 02:09 PM

Hubert Reuter
Dr .B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA06
4 Febuary 2014

Question:
5. If you have been paying attention to the topic of Roberts’s article, you will
recall that it is focused on both “Plot” and “Structure.” These two
concepts, however, are not the same. (a.) What makes them different? (b.)
Explain some of the “matters” that the study of structure devotes itself to.

Answer:
What makes the plot and structure predominately different is that the structure is the way the overall story is presented. It is the way things in a movie might happen such as being an old man and having a flash back. While plot is the way things happen in life in a chronological order from start to finish. With structure there is usually some sort of a pattern involved or a skeleton (Roberts 8).

Posted by: Hubert Reuter at February 4, 2014 01:39 PM

Berlin Waters and Gabby Caminero
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academice Writing II CA12
4 February 2014

Question #13:
In order to show you one way to discuss a story’s plot, in his first sample essay of the chapter, “Conflicting Values in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” Roberts identifies one of the chief conflicts. For this question, identify and explain all the conflicts in Susan Glaspell’s “A Jury of Her Peers” and in what order they occurred.

Answer:
In "A Jury of Her Peers" there were three main conflicts. The first conflict was a battle of man vs man, in this case Minnie Wright vs her husband, John Wright. This conflict ended with the murder of Mr. Wright, which gave way to the rest. Second there was the conflict between the women vs the men, which that the men felt they were superior to them and that they were clueless when it came to finding evidence. The third and last conflict was between the women and their consciences. They were not about to let these men convict their fellow housewife of murder, but then again how could they let someone get away with killing their own husband?

Posted by: Berlin Waters at February 4, 2014 06:31 PM

Shelby Marrero & Jared Arnold
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG Academic Writing II CA12
5 Feb. 2014

Question #15:
In order to show you one way to discuss a story’s plot, in his first sample essay of the chapter, “Conflicting Values in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” Roberts identifies one of the chief conflicts. For this question, identify and explain all the conflicts in Ambrose Bierce’s “An Occurrence on Owl Creek Bridge” and in what order they occurred

Answer:
The man came from a family that originally settled where he lived and he had to receive his death with respect. Throughout the last half of the story he had a dream about being back at home with his family and kids, but this was a couple seconds before dying. The conflict was man vs. man. He was going against the soldiers that had him tied up and hung by his neck at the bridge.

Posted by: Shelby Marrero & Jared Arnold at February 5, 2014 10:31 AM

Trejon Baynham
Dr. Burgsbee Lee Hobbs
ENG. 122 CA 04
12 September 2014


QUESTION:
In Roberts’s second sample essay of the chapter, “Conflict and Suspense in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ he explains the writer’s use of exposition. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant used exposition in “The Necklace.” You may need to review pages 99 to 100 of this chapter to recall the meanings of this term.

ANSWER:
Guy de Maupassant utilizes alterations in tense to emphasize the contrast in Mathilde’s character as it developed as result of a crucial event in the story. Used in conjunction with descriptions of Mathilde’s personality earlier in the text, Maupassant presents readers with a time skip that lists action that issues in Mathilde a respect for the working class (Maupassant 59).

Posted by: Trejon Baynham at September 15, 2014 01:39 PM

Roslyn Thomas
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II
15 September 2014

Question 2:
In this chapter article, Roberts discusses the concept of conflict. (a.) Define his explanation of “conflict,” i.e. what does it really mean? And (b.) who/what three manifestations can a conflict express itself?

Answer:
The meaning of Conflict; the controlling impulse in a connected pattern of cause and effect. The three manifestations a conflict expresses itself is by, Doubt, Tension, and Interest.
“Confect is the major element of plot because opposing forces arouse curiosity, cause doubt, create tension, and produce interest.” (Roberts 94)

Posted by: roslyn Thomas at September 15, 2014 01:39 PM

Alyssa Davis
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA07
15 September 2014

Question #9:
In Robert’s second Sample essay of the chapter, “Conflict and Suspense in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’” he explains how the writer sets up the complication. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant set up the complication in “The Necklace.” You may need to review pages 99 to 100 of this chapter to recall the meaning of this term.
Answer:
The way Guy de Maupassant set up the complication in “The Necklace” is he first talks about how Mrs. Loisel looks so beautiful the night of the dinner. He explains how the diamond necklace made her outfit look even more beautiful. That particular night she felt as if she was the most phenomenal woman in the entire dinner. When Mr. and Mrs. Loisel went home that night, Mrs. Loisel began to undress and she notice the necklace was missing. She turned to her husband and said “I… I… I no longer have Mrs. Forrestier’s necklace.” At the point, she realized that everything now would be a cotrasttify if she did not find the necklace and return it. Mrs. Loisel’s pride stopped her from being honest and just telling Mrs. Forrestier that she had misplaced her necklace.

Posted by: Alyssa Davis at September 15, 2014 01:41 PM

Rashard K Knowles
Dr. B Lee. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing CA07
14 September 2014

Question
According to Edgar V. Roberts, in “Writing about Plot and Structure” what two things should a good plot demonstrate? In other words, what two things need to be present in an interesting (rather than boring) plot? Why?

Answer
Motivation and Causation.
Reason being because without the above parts, the plot would be too much like real life to be fiction. For example English novelist E. M. Foster says in Aspects of the Novel on lines 3 – 7 , “The king died, then the queen died.” This states no reason or effect of the king dying on the queen to cause her to die. In correcting himself, Foster says “The king died, then the queen dies of grief.” This clearly shows the effect of the kings death which is grief, which caused the queen to die.

Posted by: Rashard Knowles at September 15, 2014 01:42 PM

Zachary Gary
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA07
15 September 2014

Question #11:
On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what “the climax” of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant presented the climax in “The Necklace.”
Answer:
Mathilde was invited to a party and she asked her neighbor Mrs. Forrestier to borrow some jewelry. She got this beautiful necklace form her. When reading about the climax, I figured the climax would be when Mathilde lost the necklace after the party she went to with her husband. (Roberts 57) She got this beautiful necklace form her. She didn’t notice it until she left. So someone could have taken it and sold it for money. At the end of the story her neighbor explains that it was a fake so it was only worth so much money. (Roberts 105) Mathilde got the money to pay for a new one for her. “Mrs. Forrestier said it was costume jewelry and it was only five hundred francs.” (Roberts 105)
“Oh, my poor Mathilde! But mine was only costume jewelry. At most, it was worth only five hundred francs!..”
“Well, one evening, her husband came home glowing and carrying a large envelope. It was the invitation in the letter.”
“Suddenly she found a superb diamond necklace in a black satin box, and he heart throbbed with desire for it.”
“I…I…I no longer have Mrs. Forrestier’s necklace.”

Posted by: Zachary Gary at September 15, 2014 01:50 PM

Stephanie Vera, Rashard Knowles
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs, M.L.A., Ph. D.
ENG. 122 Academic Writing II CA07
September 15, 2014
Plot and Structure
Question:
In order to show you one-way to discuss a story’s plot, in his first sample essay of the chapter, “Conflicting Values in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” Roberts identifies one of the chief conflicts. For this question, Identify and explain all the conflicts in Guy de Maupassant’s “The Necklace” and in what order they occurred.

Answer: There were four major conflicts in The Necklace. The first was Mathilde not having a suitable dress for the occasion. Second she needed a piece of fine jewelry, she borrowed an expensive piece from a friend. This leads to the third conflict of Mathilde losing her friends necklace. After losing the necklace, the couple is forced to borrow, work for ten consecutive years paying off debt and ending up with nothing.

Posted by: Stephanie Vera, Rashard Knowles at September 15, 2014 02:12 PM

Danielle Kluender, Gianna Anderson
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA07
15 September 2014

Question #8:
In Robert’s second sample essay of the chapter, “Conflict and Suspense in Thomas Hardy’s “The Three Strangers,’” he explains the writer’s use of exposition. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant used exposition in “The Necklace.”

Answer:
The moral of the story is to live in your means. The wife feels that she was supposed to live a wealthy life. (Maupassant 53). When she was invited to the ball she wanted to portray that she lived a wealthy life by borrowing a necklace from a friend and buying a new and expensive dress. Because she lost the necklace and had to buy a new one to replace the one that she lost she put herself and her husband in jeopardy by having to pay back all this money for ten years of their lives.

Posted by: Danielle Kluender, Gianna Anderson at September 15, 2014 02:15 PM

Danielle Kluender
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 CA07 Academic Writing II
13 September 2014

Question #5:
If you have been paying attention to the topic of Robert’s article, you will recall that it is focused on both “Plot” and “Structure.” These two concepts, however, are not the same. (a.) What makes them different? (b.) Explain some of the “matters” that the study of structure devotes itself to.

Answer:
“Structure refers to the ways in which writers arrange materials in accord with the general ideas and purposes of their work.” (Robert 98). “Plot is concerned with conflict or conflicts, structure defines the layout s of work- the ways the story, play or poem is shaped.” (Robert (98). “Structure is about matters such as placement, balance, recurring themes, true and misleading conclusions, suspense, and the imitation of models or forms such as reports, letters, conversations, or confessions.” (Robert 99). Structure can either be formal or informal. There are many different matters when it comes to structure. You need to decide whether you are writing a play, story or essay because each type of writing has a different type of structure.

Posted by: Danielle Kluender at September 15, 2014 02:16 PM

Alyssa Davis & Elizabeth Brown
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG Academic Writing II CA07
15 September 2014

Question #10:
In Robert’s second sample essay of the chapter, “Conflict and suspense in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers.’, he explains how the writer sets up suspense and the crisis of the major conflict. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant revealed the crisis in “The Necklace.” You may need to review pages 99 to 100 of this chapter to recall the meanings of this term.

Answer:
The crisis occurred after Mrs. Loisel had her fairy tale evening. She enjoyed the evening with her necklace on and when she got home that night she realized it was gone. “A decision or an action to resolve the conflict is undertaken, and therefore the crisis is the point at which curiosity, uncertainty, and tension are greatest,” (Hardy 99). This is the crisis because it incites the actions that lead to her replacing the necklace. The Loisels spent the next 10 years of their life in debt trying to replace the “diamond” necklace.

Posted by: Alyssa Davis at September 15, 2014 08:05 PM

Mickael Dodard and Justine Gonzales
Dr.Hobbs
Academic Writing II CA07
15 September 2014


Question #12 :
On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what “the
resolution” of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant presented the resolution in “The Necklace.”

Answer: Roberts says “the resolution” is the result of the story. It’s the end of the plot; it completes the story after the climax. Roberts says, “most authors conclude quickly to avoid losing their readers’ interest.” (Roberts 100). For instance, in “The Necklace”, when Ms. Forestier lost her necklace, the person who lost it bought her a new necklace that cost a whole lot of money. The interesting part was that the real necklace that was lost was not even real it was costume jewelry and not worth as much as the one replacing it. “Oh, my poor Mathilde! But mine was only costume jewelry. At most, it was worth only five hundred francs!...” (Roberts 60).

Posted by: Mickael Dodard at September 16, 2014 11:51 AM

Mickael Dodard
Dr. Hobbs
15 September 2014
Academic Writing II CA07

Question #6:
Roberts Clearly identifies five parts of the structure “Skelton” that can usually be found in most stories and plays. Identify and explain each one.

Answer:
Robert says, “Structure refers to the ways in which writers arrange materials in accord with the general ideas and purposes of their works.” (Roberts *). He means that the structure of a story consist of the specific parts of a story which all play important roles to the story. The five parts of the structure are exposition, complication, crisis, climax, and resolution. The exposition is the introduction of the story and where the setting is exposed. The complication is where the conflicts begin. The crisis is where the conflicts reach its greatest tension. The climax is the consequence of the conflicts and it is also the high point of the story. The resolution is the cool down of the story and where the story ends.

Posted by: Mickael Dodard at September 16, 2014 12:21 PM

Zachary Gary, Rosyln Thomas
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA07
15 September 2014

Question #11:
On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what “the climax” of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant presented the climax in “The Necklace.”
Answer:
Mathilde was invited to a party and she asked her neighbor Mrs. Forrestier to borrow some jewelry. She got this beautiful necklace form her. When reading about the climax, I figured the climax would be when Mathilde lost the necklace after the party she went to with her husband. (Roberts 57) She got this beautiful necklace form her. She didn’t notice it until she left. So someone could have taken it and sold it for money. At the end of the story her neighbor explains that it was a fake so it was only worth so much money. (Roberts 105) Mathilde got the money to pay for a new one for her. “Mrs. Forrestier said it was costume jewelry and it was only five hundred francs.” (Roberts 105)
“Oh, my poor Mathilde! But mine was only costume jewelry. At most, it was worth only five hundred francs!..”
“Well, one evening, her husband came home glowing and carrying a large envelope. It was the invitation ot the letter.”
“Suddenly she found a superb diamond necklace in a black satin box, and he heart throbbed with desire for it.”
“I…I…I no longer have Mrs. Forrestier’s necklace.”

Posted by: Zachary Gary; Roslyn Thomas at September 16, 2014 04:16 PM

Samantha Witte
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA07
14 September 2014

QUESTION #4:
One thing you will be asked to do in this course is to articulate the plot of your short story choice for the annotated bibliography section of your final paper. (a.) What is the formula Roberts recommends to ascertain the plot of the narrative? (b.) Explain the example he used to illustrate his point.

ANSWER:
The one thing that Roberts says you need to look for to determine the plot correctly is to find the main conflict. “Conflict is the major element of the plot because opposing forces arouse curiosity, cause doubt, create tension, and produce interest” (Roberts 3). The conflict helps emphasize the motivation and causation of the story, which are the two elements needed for plot. The example he used was a love story between Jane and John. He explains that the typical love story has no interesting elements to it without some form of conflict. The plot can still be there as long as there is motivation and causation. Roberts points out that “the story makes sense because its plot brings out plausible consequences of the understandable aims and hopes of John and Jane during their long term relationship” (Roberts 4). Conflict aids in understanding the motives and causation, and it highlights plot.

Posted by: Samantha Witte at September 16, 2014 08:59 PM

-----------------

*NOTE* The deadline for this particular assignment has now passed. Any comments listed below are *ONLY* for the reposting of comments that I specifically asked to be revised or are ones from non-student posters. Any 'student' posts below that missed the assignment deadline will not get credit for the assignment.

~Dr. Hobbs

Posted by: Dr. B. Lee Hobbs at October 1, 2014 10:01 AM

Selena Hammie
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing CA12
2 February 2015

“Writing About Plot and Structure”

Question #2: In this chapter article, Roberts discusses the concept of conflict. (a) Define his explanation of “conflict” i.e. what does it really mean? And (b) who/what three manifestations can a conflict express itself?

Roberts defines his explanation of conflict is “the controlling impulse in a connected pattern of causes and effects is conflict, which refers to people or circumstances that a character must face or try to overcome.” (Page 93) Conflict can manifest itself through things like gossip, political or moral opposition and other attitudes. People have their own opinions in which others do not agree with so it can start up some sort of conflict.

Posted by: Selena Hammie at February 2, 2015 12:05 PM

Emily Buckley
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
2 February 2015

Question: In Roberts’s second sample essay of the chapter, “Conflict and Suspense in
Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” he explains the writer’s use of
exposition. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant used
exposition in “The Necklace.” You may need to review pages 99 to 100 of
this chapter to recall the meanings of this term

Answer: “Exposition is the laying out, the putting forth, of story materials—the main characters, their backgrounds, their characteristics, interests, goals, limitations, potential, and basic assumptions.” (Roberts 99) In “The Necklace” Maupassant gives a lot of extra details that make up the exposition. The main character of the story is Mathilde Loisel. Maupassant opens the story revealing Mathilde’s background, and at the same time he tells readers that here background was a mistake. She had the potential to be so much more than she was as if her reality was an accident. “She was one of those pretty and charming women, born, as if by an error of destiny, into a family of clerks and copyists… She finally settled for a marriage with a minor clerk in the Ministry of Education.” (Maupassant 53) He goes on to lay out her characteristics. “She was a simple person… she was unhappy.” (Maupassant 53) All throughout the story the author suggests her interests are luxury items and possessions she cannot financially have. Her goals are to be envied because of her wealth, but due to her limitations in finances, gender, and social status she is not able to reach her goals. “She daydreames of large silent anterooms…She imagined large drawing rooms draped in the most expensive silks...She dreamed of the perfume of dainty private rooms… with the closest friends, who because of their achievements and fame would make her the envy of all other women.” (Maupassant 53) Mathilde was consumed with her desire and what she thought she deserved, and that desire is what sets her up for her fall in the story. “She loved nothing but these; she believed herself born only for these. She burned with the desire to please, to be envied to be attractive and sought after.” (Maupassant 54)

Posted by: Emily Buckley at February 2, 2015 01:06 PM

Kathleen Sholl
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing CA12
2 February 15

Writing about Plot and Structure Discussion Question

Question: According to Edgar V. Roberts, in “Writing about Plot and Structure,” what two things should a good plot demonstrate? (a.) In other words, what two things need to be present in an interesting (rather than boring) plot? (b.) Why?

Answer: In “Writing about Plot and Structure,” two things that a good plot should demonstrate are causation and motivation/cause and effect. For example, “the king died, and then the queen died of grief” (Roberts 2). The example presented shows motivation and causation to form a plot to a story. The king died, which is the cause, and the effect of his death is that the queen dies of grief. In a well-plotted story, one thing follows another, everything is relevant, and nothing is accidental.

Posted by: Kathleen Sholl at February 2, 2015 09:34 PM

Aderias N Ewing
Dr. Hobbs
Academic Writing 2
Question 11: On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what “the climax” of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant presented the climax in “The Necklace.”

The climax of "The Necklace" occurs, accords when Mathilde discovers that she has lost the necklace. In addition, the second time when the climax occurs is at the end of the story, when Madame Forestier informs Mathilde that the lost necklace was a fake.

Posted by: aderias ewing at February 3, 2015 02:47 PM

Rachel Addington
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
3 February 2015

Question: Roberts clearly identifies five parts of the structure “skeleton” that can usually be found in most stories and plays. Identify and explain each one.
Answer: The five parts of the “skeleton” are identified are exposition, complication, crisis, climax, and the resolution. “Exposition is the laying, the putting forth, of story materials—the main characters, their backgrounds, their characteristics, interests, goals, limitations, potentials, and basic assumptions” (Pg.99) Complication is what the protagonists and antagonists do to develop the plot. The crisis is when the tension gets to its highest peak leading to the climax, which is the highest point in the whole story and is the result of the crisis. Lastly, the resolution is what wraps up the entire story.

Posted by: Rachel Addington at February 3, 2015 04:30 PM

Kaitlin Murphy
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
3 February 2015

Question: On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Robert explains what “the climax” of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Ambrose Bierce presented the climax in “An Occurrence on Owl Creek Bridge.”

Answer: Since the climax is to be understood as the stories “high point” and no other significant details follow up the climax (Roberts 99, 100); the climax in “An Occurrence on Owl Creek Bridge,” has to be at the point where Peyton Farquhar figures out he didn’t survive escaping from the men on the bridge. “…he feels a stunning blow upon the back of the neck; a blinding white light blazes all about him with a sound like the shock of a cannon-then all is dark-ness and silence!...Peyton Farquhar was dead; his body, with a broken neck, swung gently from side to side beneath the timbers of the Owl Creek bridge” (Bierce 12). This has to be the climax of this short story because he comes to a realization that he made the whole escape up in his head merely because he died and probably had a dream that he lived instead. Also nothing else important is written after it, and it is the primary conclusion to the story.

Posted by: Kaitlin Murphy at February 3, 2015 08:38 PM

Mallory Delay
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
3 February 2015

Question 19: On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what "the climax" of a narrative means. For this question explain how Jonathan Nolan presented the climax in "Memento Mori."

Answer: Jonathan Nolan presents the climax in "Memento Mori" as a realization. The main character in the story, Earl, has amnesia and cannot remember things after a few minutes. He writes his memories to help him remember. Every day he realizes what has happened to him and what he has done after he forgets. Nolan presents the climax as a buildup. First Earl is in a hospital where he learns "this is where you live now" (Nolan 2) from a note, then he is on the run from a different note that reads "Get up, Get out right now." (Nolan 5) By explaining the actions of the main character through his letters, it leads to a bigger climax. Robert explains that the climax "is the story's high point" (Robert 99), and it is certainly true of this story.

Posted by: Mallory Delay at February 3, 2015 09:02 PM

Jorge Braham

Dr. Hobbs

Academic Writing II CA12

2 February 2015

Question:

On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what “the climax” of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant presented the climax in “The Necklace.”

Answer:

Climax is the consequence of the crisis, it is the story of the high point or it make take the shape of a decision, and action or and illumination or a realization.

“She took the shawl off her shoulders, in front of the mirror, to see herself once more in her glory. But suddenly she cried out. The necklace was no longer around her neck!” (Maupassant 57) after they had realized that, they had lost the necklace she couldn’t believe what happened.

Posted by: Jorge Braham at February 3, 2015 09:52 PM

Emma Riemer
Dr.Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
4 February 2015

Plot and Structure


Question 11: On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what “the climax” of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant presented the climax in “The Necklace.”


Answer:
Guy de Maupassant presents the climax by leading up to it by telling about how Mathilde and her husband went poor trying to make payments. The action or high point is Mathilde losing the necklace and the crisis is her going poor. “Mrs. Loisel soon discovered the horrible life of the needy…the horrifying debt had to be paid. She would pay. They dismissed the maid; they changed their address; they rented an attic flat” (De Maupassant 59). Maupassant presents the climax with Mathilde losing her friend’s necklace and leading up to when Maltidle discovers that the necklace that went missing was costume jewelry.

Posted by: Emma Riemer at February 3, 2015 10:29 PM

Vallinique Martin
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
3 February 2015

Question 11: Explain how Guy de Maupassant presented the climax in the Necklace.

Answer: The climax is presented first by the conflict, which is how Mathilde wants more out of life than just being physically attractive. So when she is invited to the ball that everyone in town would be attending, she begged her husband to buy her an expensive dress, and she borrowed a diamond necklace form her friend Madame Forestier. The author then presents the climax when Mathlide loses her friend Madame’s diamond necklace, “I...I...I no longer have Mrs.Forrstier’s necklace” (Maupassant 57).

Posted by: Vallinique Martin at February 3, 2015 10:47 PM

Diego Garcia
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
2 February 2015

Discussion Question

Quote: “These complications embody disagreements, choices, arguments, and ill feelings that produce tension, uncertainty, rapture, and regret.” (Roberts 95)

Question: “Conflict,” Robert claims, is a “major element of plot” because of four actions that it creates/produces/causes/arouses in the reader. Identify and explain each of those actions, i.e. what is their connection to one another (or) how does one depend upon the other?

Answer: According to Roberts, “Conflict is the major element of plot because opposing forces arouse curiosity, cause doubt, create tension, and produce interest.” (Roberts 94). If it were not for a conflict, the plot, as well as the story, would be dull. The story would lack factors that intrigue a reader to continue reading.

Posted by: Diego Garcia at February 4, 2015 12:26 AM

Amanda Cannon
Dr. Hobbs
ENC 122 Academic Writing II CA12
4 February 2015

Writing about Plot and Structure

Question #5: If you have been paying attention to the topic of Roberts’s article, you will recall that it is focused on both “Plot” and “Structure.” These two concepts, however, are not the same. (A.) What makes them different? (B.) Explain some of the “matters” that the study of structure devotes itself to.

Answer: Structure is based on how the writer arranges the material to work with general ideas and purpose (Roberts 98). On the other hand, “plot is concerned with conflict” (Roberts 98). Although plot and structure focus on two different aspects of a piece of writing, they both are important and work together. Structure has five “matters” that it is devoted to; the exposition provides the materials necessary to put the plot into operation, the complication marks the beginning and growth of the conflict, the crisis marks the decisions made to end the conflict, the climax is the conclusion of the conflict, and the resolution finished the work and releases the tension (Roberts 99).

Posted by: Amanda Cannon at February 4, 2015 08:33 AM

Victoria Markou
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA 12
4 February 2015

Question 7: In order to show you one way to discuss a story’s plot, in his first sample essay of the chapter, “Conflicting Values in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” Roberts identifies one of the chief conflicts. For this question, identify and explain all the conflicts in Guy de Maupassant’s “The Necklace” and in what order they occurred.

Answer: An internal conflict occurs when Mathilde Loisel experiences mental agony because of a deep-seated desire, “She suffered endlessly, feeling herself born for every delicacy and luxury. She suffered from the poorness of her house, from its mean walls, worn chairs, and ugly curtains. All these things, of which other women of her class would not even have been aware, tormented and insulted her” (Maupassant 54). Her internal conflict marks a unique tension within the storyline. This internal conflict began long before her marriage, she always felt like she never had what she deserved. It presents itself through pridefulness, nothing her husband provides is good enough for her because she thinks so highly of herself.

This causes an eventual external conflict between the couple. When her husband brings her a very sought-after invitation to a ball, she refuses to attend it because she has “nothing to wear” (Maupassant 55). He gives her the money he had been saving for a new shotgun he wanted to buy, for a dress, but she still refuses because she does not have fine jewelry with which to accessorize herself.

Mathilde borrows a necklace for the ball and loses it that night, causing a short-lived conflict between Madame Forestier and the Loisels. They quickly replace the necklace (a real diamond necklace for the fake one,) that conflict is ended; however, a decade’s worth of a conflict between the Loisels and the creditors begins. “He compromised the end of his life, risked his signature without even knowing whether it could be honored; and, frightened by all the anguish of the future, by the black misery which was about to settle down on him, by the perspective of all sorts of physical deprivations and of all sorts of moral tortures, he went to buy the new diamond necklace, laying down on the jeweler's counter thirty-six thousand francs” (Maupassant 58). They needed money hastily, so they had no choice but to pay exorbitant fees. They downgrade, save, and work very hard to repay the lenders.

This all could have been avoided if Mathilde was not so discontent over such shallow and insignificant things in her life. The core of the few external conflicts is rooted in Mathilde’s internal conflict, based on her discontent.

Posted by: Victoria Markou at February 4, 2015 09:37 AM

Rously Paul
Dr.Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA12
4 February 2015


Question: In order to show you one way to discuss a story’s plot, in his first sample essay of the chapter, “Conflicting Values in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” Roberts identifies one of the chief conflicts. For this question, identify and explain all the conflicts in Susan Glaspell’s “A Jury of Her Peers” and in what order they occurred.


Answer: The conflicts in “A Jury Of Her Peers” are as follows; The three men vs. Women- The sheriff, Mr.Henderson and Mrs. Hale’s Husband have a disrespect towards their respective mates and possibly women as a whole. The contempt shows when Mr. Hale belittles women as a whole “"Oh, well," said Mrs. Hale's husband, with good-natured superiority, "women are used to worrying over trifles.” (Page 6 line 10). The overarching conflict throughout the story being men versus women further illustrates the internal strife that Mrs. Wright went through.

Posted by: Rously Paul at February 4, 2015 09:46 AM

Amber Dunlap
Dr.Hobbs
ENG. 122 Academic Writing CA 12
4 February 2015

Question: #4
What is the formula that Roberts recommends to ascertain the plot of a narrative?
Answer:
Robert says, “Find the Conflict to determine the plot” (Roberts 3). To see the plot you have to build on Forster’s description. The plot is the main scene of what is happening in the story.

Posted by: AMber Dunlap at February 4, 2015 10:28 AM

Sabrina McIntyre
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA03
14 September 2015

Question: Roberts clearly identifies five parts of the structure "skeleton" that can usually be found in most stories and plays. Identify and explain each one.

Answer: The five parts of the structure "skeleton" Roberts clearly identifies are exposition, complication, crisis, climax, and the resolution. First, exposition is the beginning of the story that introduces the main characters. For instance, the text states, "Exposition is the ground work for letting the reader know who the main characters are and what their position is in the text" (Roberts 99). Second, complication is the onset of the events about the plot involving the protagonist and the antagonist. For example, the text states, "What we depend on for the sense or meaning of fiction is plot, or the elements governing the unfolding of the actions" (Roberts 93). Next, the crisis is when there is a sharp turning point in the story, where everything temporarily goes haywire. The text states, "During the crisis, decision or action to resolve the conflict is undertaken, and therefore the crisis is the point at which curiosity, uncertainty, and tension are greatest" (Roberts 99). After crisis shortly follows the climax, this is when decisions form from the turning point, (crisis). Also, the text states, "It is the logical conclusion of the preceding actions; no new major developments follow it" (Roberts 99, 100). Lastly, the resolution is the completion of the story after the decision made during the climax. For example, the text states, "In other words, after the story's major conflicts are finished, the job of the denouement is to tie things up as quickly as possible" (Roberts 100). Furthermore, that is how the following aspects form the "skeleton".

Posted by: Sabrina McIntyre at September 14, 2015 01:58 PM

Zach Pottle
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA03
14 September 2015

Question:

According to Edgar V. Roberts, in "Writing about Plot and Structure," what two things should a good plot demonstrate? (a.) In other words, what two things need to be present in an interesting (rather than boring) plot? and (b.) Why?

Answer:

According to Roberts, in order for a plot to be interesting it needs two things: motivation and causation. He gives the example of a simple set of actions, "The king died, and then the queen died". This set of actions lacks both motivation and causation. As Roberts said when explaining why this is so he stated, "it's too much like real life to be fictional" (Roberts 93). In order for these actions to be interesting, motivation and causation need to be added to it. Roberts adds the following to explain why. "The king died, and then the queen died of grief". The difference in this set of actions, is that motivation and causation are used to form the plot. The word "grief" is used because it adds a sense of cause-and-effect to the plot. As Roberts ends his explanation of what a good plot needs to have he states "In a good work of fiction, nothing is irrelevant or accidental; everything is related and causative" (Roberts 93).

Posted by: Zachary Pottle at September 14, 2015 02:12 PM

Sidnee Yaeger
Dr.Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
14 September 2015

Question: If you have been paying attention to the topic of Roberts’s article, you will recall that it is focused on both “Plot” and “Structure.” These two concepts, however, are not the same. (a.) What makes them different? (b.) Explain some of the “matters” that the study of structure devotes itself to.

Answer: Plot is the motivation and causation, the conflict. It shows the cause and effect in the story. Roberts uses an example that does not show motivation and causation, “The king died, and then the queen died”; therefore, that sentence is not a plot (Roberts 93). Roberts then gives an example that does show the plot, “The king died, and then the queen died of grief” (Roberts 93). “That sentence shows one thing (grief) controls or overcomes another (the normal desire to live), and motivation and causation to enter the sequence to form a plot” (Roberts 93). Roberts then describes structure as a way that the writers want the layout to be or how their piece of work is shaped (Roberts 98). Structure has matters that it devotes to, a few of them being “placement, balance, recurring themes, true and misleading conclusions…” (Roberts 98-99).

Posted by: Sidnee Yaeger at September 14, 2015 08:26 PM

Zeida Alvarez
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA03
15 September 2015
Question: In Robert’s second sample essay of the chapter, “Conflict and Suspense in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’” he explains the writer’s use of exposition. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant used exposition in ‘The Necklace.’ You may need to review pages 99 to 100 of this chapter to recall the meanings of this term.

Answer: Exposition, as defined by Robert, is, “The laying out, putting forth of the story materials” (Robert, 99), which would mean the main characters, their characteristics; things that make up the plot of the story. In Guy de Maupassant’s “The Necklace”, he shows exposition through the main character Mathilde. Mathilde has always thought she deserved a rich and lavish lifestyle, and was always trying to escape from the comfortable lifestyle she legitimately had. This provides the reader with exposition because it sets up the story’s plot. Another example of exposition would be the introduction of the necklace, since the necklace was not actually valuable but is presented as such. There is a sense of foreshadowing that comes from adding the necklace into the storyline, which allows the drastic changes from the story to occur.

Posted by: Zeida Alvarez at September 15, 2015 11:48 AM

Brittany Cordero
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
15 September 2015

Question: Roberts clearly identifies five parts of the structure “skeleton” that can usually be found in most stories and plays. Identify and explain each one.

Answer: The first part of structure Roberts describes is exposition. This "is the laying out, the putting forth, of story materials" (Roberts 99). It "may be introduced to interest, intrigue, perplex, mystify, and please" (Roberts 99). The second part is complication, "the onset and development of the major conflict - the plot" (Roberts 99). The third part, crisis "marks that part of the action where the conflict reaches its greatest tension" (Roberts 99). The fourth part, climax "is a consequence of the crisis, it is the story's high point" (Roberts 99). The fifth and final part, resolution "is the completing of the story or play after the climax" (Roberts 100).

Posted by: Brittany Cordero at September 15, 2015 02:15 PM

Emma Duncan
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA03
15 September 2015

Question: In order to show you one way to discuss a story’s plot, in his first sample essay of the chapter, “Conflicting Values in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers’,” Roberts identifies one of the chief conflicts. For this question, identify and explain all the conflicts in Susan Glaspell’s “A Jury of Her Peers” and in what order they occurred.

Answer: The story begins with a conflict right off the bat. The county attorney is questioning Mr. Hale about everything he saw at the house. Mr. Hale tells the county attorney that, “I didn’t hear or see anything; I knocked at the door, and still it was all quiet inside. I knew they must be up, it was past eight o’clock” (Glaspell, 1). Mr. Hale continues by chatting about how odd Mrs. Wright acted toward him when he went to see about John. When Hale went upstairs, he found John Wright dead with a rope around his neck. The second conflict arises when Mr. Hale tells the county attorney that he went back downstairs to ask Mrs. Wright what happened she told him she didn’t know. Mr. Hale couldn’t fathom how Mrs. Wright didn’t wake up when someone came in and strangled her husband. Next, Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters come into the story and don’t care for the fact that the men in the house are judging Mrs. Wrights home. Mrs. Hale states, “I’d hate to have men coming into my kitchen, snooping around and criticizing” (Glaspell, 4). Mrs. Peters and Mrs. Hale found Mrs. Wrights dead bird. The birds neck was broken. The two women are in the process of putting the story together, and they are shocked. Mrs. Hale says, “No, Wright wouldn’t like the bird – a thing that sang. She used to sing. He killed that, too” (Glaspell, 9). The women decide to hide the bird to protect their friend because they can understand what a sad life Mrs. Wright had.

Posted by: Emma Duncan at September 15, 2015 04:08 PM

Matthew Beebe
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 - Academic Writing II CAO3
September 14, 2015

Question: On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what “the climax” of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Ambrose Bierce presented the climax in “An Occurrence on Owl Creek Bridge.”

Answer: In “An Occurrence on Owl Creek Bridge” the climax of the story is when the hanging it getting ready to occur. When Farquhar stood on the plank and was getting ready to be killed, the story starts to pick up and gets to the climax. Then in his mind has Farquhar escaping to safety so he could be with his wife. But at the end of the story Farquhar dies.

Posted by: Matthew Beebe at September 15, 2015 04:22 PM

Peyton Farrier
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing 122 CA09
15 September 2015

Question: According to Edgar V. Roberts, in “Writing about Plot and Structure,” what two things should a good plot demonstrate? (a.) In other words, what two things need to be present in an interesting (rather than boring) plot? (b.) Why?

Answer: Two things that need to be present to make an interesting plot are motivation and causation. An example used in the passage was "'The king died, and then the queen died.' It's pointed out that it lacks motivation and causation. Thus, Forster introduces the two into the example, and you get 'The king died, and then the queen died of grief.' The phrase 'of grief' shows that grief controls the outcome of what happened." (Roberts 1). In a well-plotted story, one thing must follow another so that it shows a cause and effect.

Posted by: Peyton Farrier at September 15, 2015 05:39 PM

Michael Mooney
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
15 September 2015

Question: "Conflict," Robert claims, is a "major element of plot" because of four actions that it creates/produces/causes/arouses in the reader. Identify and explain each of those actions, i.e. what is their connection to one another (or) how does one depend upon the other?
Answer: As described by Roberts in Writing about Literature, Conflict is a major element of a story's plot because it brings opposing forces into the story, and "opposing forces around curiosity, cause doubt, create tension, and produce interest" (Roberts 94). Conflict, in essence, evokes responses from the reader. These emotional responses are essential to keeping the reader interested. Curiosity is one of the most important elements; it keeps the reader interested in the story to find out what happens next. If the protagonist is ill (a conflict with nature), the reader will wonder if they survive or not and be compelled to keep reading. Doubt makes the reader question both the story and their assumptions of it. If the reader can guess the outcome of a story, they won't be entertained. However, if a suitable conflict is provided, the reader won't know the outcome and will doubt their predictions of the plot. Tension goes hand in hand with curiosity and doubt, during battles (both actual battles and metaphorical battles) the reader will feel the tension conveyed by the story. The tension will cause the reader to wonder if the protagonist will see things through, and possibly cause them to doubt their predicted outcomes. Tension, in a way, draws the two together. Interest is the result of the former three elements. A good story needs to provoke an emotional response in the reader to keep them interested. A plot that resolves too easily bores readers, giving them a good conflict such as a war or a moral debate will maintain interest through to the end of the story.

Posted by: Michael Mooney at September 15, 2015 06:16 PM

Conner Knaresboro
Dr. Hobbs
Eng 122 Academic Writing II CA09
15 September 2015

Question: In order to show you one way to discuss a story's plot, in his first sample essay of the chapter, "Conflicting Values in Thomas Hardy's ‘The Three Strangers,' " Roberts identifies one of the chief conflicts. For this question, identify and explain all the conflicts in Ambrose Bierce's "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge" and in what order they occurred

Answer: In The Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge there are conflicts all over. One conflict is the civil war. The north vs. the south is a conflict because if it never happened there would be no story to write and no killing. Also in the title there is conflict. It is called The Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge which makes it seem like such a minor detail, but there are probably "occurrences" that happen on the bridge. Also, there is a conflict between the Union army vs. Farquhar and Farquhar vs. reality. Farquhar was hung by the Union army and when he was his mind goes on to have a dream that makes him think that he has gone away and that he is free, but in reality he is dead. "He thought he shouted these words to his hands, for the undoing of the noose had been succeeded by the dirtiest pang he had ever experienced” (Bierce).

Posted by: Conner Knaresboro at September 15, 2015 06:25 PM

Lady Hernandez
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 academic writing II CA03
15 September 2015

Question: Identify and explain all the conflicts in Edgar Allan Poe’s “a tell-tale heart” and in what order they occur.

Answer: Initial situation is when he talks about the “evil eye staring at his soul,” that is what lead him to hate the old man. Next is the conflict and that happens when the narrator walks into the old man’s room every night planning how to kill him. The complication in the story happens when one night he is watching the old man sleep and accidently wakes him up revealing his evil eye producing more anger and fear into the narrator. When he suffocates the old man with the pillow it would be the climax, not knowing what will happen next and what he will do with the body. He in turn chops the body up and places it under the wood floor. The police arrive later that week in search of the old man, making it suspenseful for the narrator. The narrator believes that he is hearing the old man’s heart beat when it is really his own pumping with guilt and terror. These two scenes conclude the denouement and conclusion in the story.

Posted by: lady hernandez at September 15, 2015 07:34 PM

Maria Gonzalez
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing CA09
15 September 2015

Question: In Roberts’s second sample essay of the chapter, “Conflict and Suspense in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” he explains how the writer sets up the complication. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant set up the complication in “The Necklace.” You may need to review pages 99 to 100 of this chapter to recall the meanings of this term.

Answer: According to Roberts, the complication of a story “marks the beginning and the growth of the conflict” or is the rising action in other words (99). Guy de Maupassant sets up the complication in “The Necklace” when Mathilde Loisel searches and searches for the perfect jewelry piece and ends up selecting the one that looks most expensive (de Maupassant 56). Another complication appears during the event when Mathilde flaunts the necklace she is wearing (de Maupassant 56). Mathilde ultimately loses the necklace and has to work harder than ever to replace it with a replica. Unfortunately, not until after she has paid all debts on the new jewelry piece it is revealed to her that is was never an actual diamond necklace, but a plastic one (de Maupassant 60).

Posted by: Maria Gonzalez at September 15, 2015 08:07 PM

Cannelle Samson and Lois
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA03
15 September 2015

Question: In Roberts’s second sample essay of the chapter, “Conflict and Suspense in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” he explains how the writer sets up suspense and the crisis of the major conflict. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant revealed the crisis in “The Necklace.” You may need to review pages 99 to 100 of this chapter to recall the meanings of this term.

Answer: In “The Necklace” by Guy de Maupassant, Maupassant reveals the crisis of his story very thoroughly and smoothly. He first shows his audience the exposition which is “…the laying out, the putting forth, of story materials-the main characters, their backgrounds, their characteristics, interest, goals, limitations, potentials, and basic assumptions” (Roberts, 99). In fact, the first few paragraphs of Maupassant’s “The Necklace” is describing Mrs. Loisel. Maupassant describes Mrs. Loisel in this way, “She was a simple person, without money to dress well, but she was as unhappy as if she had gone through bankruptcy, for women have neither rank nor race.” Mrs. Loisel craved riches and beautiful things. She was constantly miserable because she was deprived from such beautiful riches. Maupassant shows the complication next. The complication is “…the onset and development of the major conflict-the plot” (Roberts, 99). Mr. and Mrs. Loisel are invited to an extremely fancy and exclusive party. Mrs. Loisel give importance to how she looks; therefore she buys a new dress. However, the dress did not satisfy her. She went to a close, rich friend’s house and borrowed a pearl necklace. The crisis comes next in “The Necklace”. The crisis “…marks that part of the action where the conflict reaches its greatest conflict. As Mrs. Loisel is leaving the party she notices that her necklace is missing. The climax, which comes next, moves extremely fast. The climax is “…the consequence of the crisis…” (Roberts, 99). In “The Necklace” Mrs. Liosel’s life takes an immediate change, “Mrs. Liosel soon discovered the horrible life of the needy. She did her share, however, completely, heroically. The horrible debt had to be paid. She would pay. They dismissed the maid; they changed their address; they rented an attic flat.” Mrs. Liosel soon truly found out what not having any riches meant. She also looked to be decades older. The resolution is next and is the completion of the story. Mrs. Liosel finds out that the pearls where not real and she has ruined her life by repaying something that she believed to be only for the rich and important.

Posted by: Cannelle Samson at September 15, 2015 08:38 PM

Jorge Braham
Dr.Hobbs
ENG-122 Academic Writing II CA09
15 September 2015

Question:
In Roberts’s second sample essay of the chapter, “Conflict and Suspense in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” he explains the writer’s use of exposition. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant used exposition in “The Necklace.” You may need to review pages 99 to 100 of this chapter to recall the meanings of this term.
Answer:
The exposition in The Necklace would Mathilde Loisel because she believes that she doesn’t belong in the class society that she is in now. She believes that she should have all the riches in the world. You can just see how she is in the beginning of the story, talking about how she doesn’t want to go to the ball because she doesn’t fit In with the other that everyone will laugh at her because of the worth of clothing she will wear at the ball. She is very self-conscious of herself.

Posted by: Jorge Braham at September 15, 2015 09:23 PM

Shyiem-Akiem Brown
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
14 September 2015

Question: In this chapter article, Robert discusses the concept of conflict (a.) Define his explanation of “conflict” i.e. what does it really mean? (b) Who/ what three manifestations can a conflict express itself?

Answer: Robert describes conflict as “the controlling impulse in a connected pattern of causes and effects” (Roberts 93). A more simple definition of conflict would be that it is simply the opposition between opposing characters, ideas, forces, etc. For a story to be interesting, it must have some conflict; whether the protagonist faces an antagonist, or the protagonist has an internal conflict with himself or herself, or with nature, etc. Roberts explains that conflict can manifest three things, namely, doubt, tension and interest. “Conflict is the major element of a plot because opposing forces arouse curiosity, causes doubt, create tension and produces interest” (Roberts 94).

Posted by: Shyiem-Akiem Brown at September 15, 2015 09:28 PM

Necdet Gurkan
Dr.Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
16 September 2015

Question: On page 99 to 100 of this chapter Roberts explains what “the climax” of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Guy de Maussapant presented the climax in “The Necklace”
Answer: Climax is the most intense, exciting, suspenseful part of something. In my opinion, the climax of this story is the point at which Madame Loisel realizes that the necklace that she has borrowed is gone. I believe this is the climax because I consider the rising action is the conflict within herself that rises because of her wish to be more high class than she is. That conflict ends up with her borrowing the necklace to make-believe she is something she is not. Then she loses it, and the falling action is where I find out how that will touch her life.

Posted by: Necdet Gurkan at September 15, 2015 09:54 PM

ENG CA03
Writing about Plot and Structure
15 September 2015
Tannor Berry


Question: If you have been paying attention to the topic of Robert’s article, you will recall that it is focused on both “Plot” and “Structure”. These two concepts, however, are not the same. (a) What makes them different? (b.) Explain some of the “matters” that the study of structure devotes itself to.
Answer: The two concepts which are “Plot” and “Structure” are commonly mistaken for the same concept but are entirely different. “Plot” which is referred to as the events that make up a story, generally: as they relate to one another in a pattern or in a sequence; as they relate to each other through cause and effect; how the reader views the story; or simply by coincidence. In regards to “Structure” the most common type explained is Narrative structure. This includes the most common elements of structure which are setting, plot, and theme. The parts of narrative plot include exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution. Structure is all the elements together to make an outcome to a story.

Posted by: Tannor Berry at September 15, 2015 11:16 PM

Hana Lee
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
15 September 2015

“”The resolution is the completing of the story or play after the climax, for once the climax has occurred, the work’s tension and uncertainty are finished, and most authors conclude quickly to avoid losing their readers’ interest.” (Roberts 100)

Question: On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what “the resolution” of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant presented the resolution in “The Necklace.”

Answer: Guy de Maupassant presented the resolution in “The Necklace” was by reaching the final climax in the story. Once it occurred, the tension and uncertainty of the climax has led to the resolution leading it to releasing the tension and finishing the work before losing their readers’ interest.

Posted by: Hana Lee at September 15, 2015 11:27 PM

Luis Bautista
Dr. Hobbs
ENG – 122 Academic Writing
15 September 2015
“Conflict is the major element of plot because opposing forces arouse curiosity, cause doubt, create tension, and produce interest “. (Roberts 94)
Question: Conflict,” Robert claims, is a “major element of plot” because of four actions that it creates/produces/causes/arouses in the reader. Identify and explain each of those actions, i.e. what is their connection to one another (or) how does one depend upon the other?
Answer: Roberts believes that conflict is the major key to of a plot because it produces certain necessary elements and forces that arouse curiosity, cause doubt, create tension, and produce interest in the reader.

Posted by: luis Bautista at September 15, 2015 11:37 PM

Lois Martinez
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA03
14 September 2015


Question: In order to show you one way to discuss a story’s plot, in his first sample essay of the chapter, “Conflicting Values in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” Roberts identifies one of the chief conflicts. For this question, identify and explain all the conflicts in Ambrose Bierce’s “An Occurrence on Owl Creek Bridge” and in what order they occurred.


Answer: The series of conflicts occurred Ambrose Bierce's "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge" revolve around the order in which the author chose to tell the story. The first part of the story, he describes the scenario explicitly and those in it, except for the protagonist. The limited-omniscient person allows the reader to get some insightful information about the personage but not as much as a traditional omniscient author would have. Therefore, the first conflict is the lack of information about the protagonist.
The second conflict is the distress of the character caused by the extreme security and the deadly fall of the Owl Creek Bridge; the culprit who is about to be hanged has no way to escape. All he can do to cheat death is to fantasize with the idea of breaking the rope. In fact, he mentions at the end of the first section, "If only I could free my hands, I might throw off the noose and spring into the stream (Bierce 5)." Furthermore, the author supports the impossibility of the escape with detailed descriptions of the soldiers, weapons, and positions in which they are situated. The author starts from the end to the beginning to create an atmosphere of hopelessness to the reader, so that when the other hopeful events occur, the reader can engage with the character's only chance of survival.
The third conflict of the story was caused by the introduction of a totally new descriptive passage in the text. Bierce ceases to narrate the present situation of the protagonist to feed the reader with his background and the leading events that drove him into being captured, which forms part of the many conflicts of the story. Moreover, the writer decides to narrate about the personal life of Farquhar after he describes the present situation and not backwards because the order in which the events are arranged flow together making a clear illusion to deceive the reader into a temporary peace and hope. The third section of the story narrates the escape of the prisoner. During this part of the reading nature and society become Peyton Farquhar's biggest enemies. The author describes how the character swims for his life, but at the same time, he hides to evade the bullets. One of most powerful moments of the plot is when the prisoner is sinking away from the surface, thinking about what path he will take. In fact, he reckoned, "To be hanged and drowned. That is not so bad, but I do not wish to shot. No; that is not fair (Bierce 8)." Therefore, he struggles with the shots and the wild rapids of the river until he reaches safety.
The dénouement of the story presents the last conflict with a plot twist. Bierce keeps leading on his readers with words of consolation and relief such as, "At last he found a road that led him to what knew to be the right direction (Bierce 11)." However, he foreshadows the reality of the character's state by narrating the swollen neck, the tiredness, and the achy body. When the character finally goes to embrace his wife, everything suddenly becomes dark—he stopped struggling to stay alive, and he finally dies. Throughout the story, Bierce was able to paint a clear picture of the events that occurred, and kept his audience interested in the story by narrating a miraculous escape to then kill the hope with the final plot twist in order to get a major, lasting reaction from the readers.

Posted by: Lois Martinez at September 16, 2015 01:06 AM

Zekeriya Kayaselcuk
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA 09
September 15, 2015


Questions: On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what "the climax" of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Ambrose Bierce presented the climax in "An Occurrence on Owl Creek Bridge."

Answer: The climax of a narrative is the turning point throughout the reading based on a certain action, decision, or a realization. Roberts refers to the climax as the "consequence of the crisis, it is the story's high point and may take the shape of a decision, an action, an affirmation or denial, or an illumination or a realization." (Roberts pg. 99). The climax in "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge" was when John Farquhar was Swimming and dodging all the soldiers' bullets. When they were about to use a grape shot bomb against Farquhar, he gets thrown onto the opposite side of the shore by some vortex. "He had been caught in a vortex and was being whirled on with a velocity of advance and gyration that made him giddy and sick. In few moments, he was flung upon the gravel at the foot of the left bank of the stream the southern bank and behind a projecting point which concealed him from his enemies." (Ambrose pg. 11). After realizing the rope broke, Farquhar freed himself from the ropes; he made a decision to swim and escape the soldiers. In doing so, he succeeded and escaped, but it was all in his mind.

Posted by: Zekeriya Kayaselcuk at September 16, 2015 01:08 AM

Jaclyn Taylor
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing 11 CA03
15 September 2015

Question: 2) In this chapter article, Roberts discusses the concept of conflict. (a.) Define his explanation of “conflict,” i.e. what does it really mean? and (b.) who/what three manifestations can a conflict express itself?

Answer: In Roberts’s article he explains that conflict is the controlling impulse in a connected pattern of causes and effects. It also refers to people or circumstances that a character must face and try to overcome. The three manifestations in which conflict can express itself is one it can be abstract, such as “when an individual opposes larger forces” (Roberts 94) Or when a dilemmas occurs and a natural conflict arises for an individual person. It may also, “be brought out my ideas and opinions that clash.

Posted by: Jaclyn Taylor at September 16, 2015 09:27 AM

Group 4; Lady Hernandez & Zach Pottle
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA03
16 September 2015

Question: (a) What is the formula Roberts recommends to ascertain the plot of the narrative? (b) Explain the example he uses to illustrate his point.

Answer: The formula Roberts uses to describe plot is dividing the story into five parts to find the exposition, complication, crisis, climax, and resolution. The exposition is where the narrator explains the main characters backgrounds and assumptions. The complication is where the major conflict is announced. Happens between the protagonist and antagonist. The turning point, crisis, is the turning point where tension and curiosity happens. Climax is what makes a difference between a good story and a bad one. This is where the decision or realization occurs for the main characters. In hardy’s “The Three Strangers” the climax is the friendly meeting between the first and second stranger while the third stranger is being arrested. Prior to the meeting they only met when there was a need for confrontation. The resolution completes the story and ties all the conflicts and lay out together to finish the narrators thoughts and actions.

Posted by: lady hernandez at September 16, 2015 10:07 AM

Yaribilisa Colon, Madison Helms
Dr. Hobbs
ENG-122
9/16/2015

QUESTION: On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what “the climax”
of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant
presented the climax in “The Necklace.”

ANSWER: While reading the story "The Necklace", we discovered that in our opinion the scene where she discovers she lost the necklace that she borrowed is one climax point in the story. " She took the shawl off her shoulder, in front of the mirror, to see herself once more in her glory. But suddenly she cried out. The necklace was no longer on her neck"(page 6, line 61).

Posted by: Yaribilisa Colon at September 16, 2015 10:20 AM

Luis Bautista, Lois Martinez
Dr. Hobbs
ENG – 122 Academic Writing
15 September 2015
“Conflict is the major element of plot because opposing forces arouse curiosity, cause doubt, create tension, and produce interest “. (Roberts 94)
Question: Conflict,” Robert claims, is a “major element of plot” because of four actions that it creates/produces/causes/arouses in the reader. Identify and explain each of those actions, i.e. what is their connection to one another (or) how does one depend upon the other?
Answer: Roberts believes that conflict is the major key to of a plot because it produces certain necessary elements and forces that arouse curiosity, cause doubt, create tension, and produce interest in the reader. Roberts uses an example of two teams that compete. He believes that if in one game one time is in evident advantage and without doubt of loosing the game is not interesting for the public. However, if the game’s score is close in another game the element of doubt cause the public curiosity on which team is going to win, and therefore, produce interest. “Unless there is doubt, there is not tension and without tension there I not interest.” (Roberts 94)

Posted by: luis Bautista at September 16, 2015 10:22 AM

Cannelle Samson and Tamor Berry
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA03
16 September 2015

Question: According to Edgar V. Roberts, in “Writing about Plot and Structure,” what two things should a good plot demonstrate? (a.) In other words, what two things need to be present in an interesting (rather than boring) plot? (b.) Why?

Answer: According in Roberts, in “Writing about Plot and Structure” two things that a good and interesting plot should demonstrate are motivation and causation. In “Writing about Plot and Structure” Roberts pulls out am example from Forster’s “Aspects of the Novel. One of the quotes Roberts pulls out of Forster’s work is, “The King died and then the queen died” (Roberts, 93). This quote from “Aspects of the Novel” is plan and boring. There is no motivation behind the queen’s death not is there causation. To correct this boring statement, Roberts states, “Forster points out that this sequence does not form a plot because it lacks motivation and causation; it’s too much like life itself to be fictional. Thus he introduces motivation and causation in his next example: “The king died, and then the queen died of grief” (Roberts, 93). With motivation and causation Roberts brings the sentence/story back to life. Roberts then goes on to explain why he has changed the sentence, “The phase ‘of grief’ shows that one thing (grief) controls or overcomes another (the normal desire to live), and motivation and causation enter the sequence of the plot” (Roberts, 93). Motivation and causation make the story interesting rather than boring simply because the audience is now able to imagine and picture the queen’s motivation. She has died because of the grief that overtook her when her husband has died. This brings details to the story, which the audience can soak in and relate too. Roberts states, “In a well-plotted story or play, one thing proceeds or follows another not simply because time ticks away but because effects follow causes. In a good work of fiction, nothing is irrelevant or accidental; everything is related and causative” (Roberts, 93). This means that motivation and causation are a must in any interesting play or story.

Posted by: Cannelle Samson at September 16, 2015 11:45 AM

Shania Bienaime
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA03
15 September 2015

Question: One thing you will be asked to do in this course is to articulate the plot of your short story choice for the annotated bibliography section of your final paper. (a.) What is the formula that Roberts recommends to ascertain the plot of a narrative? (b.) Explain the example he uses to illustrate his point.
Answer: Robert recommends his readers to initiate motivation and causation in order for the plot to be shown. He also states that “In a well-plotted story or play, one things precedes or follow another not simply because time ticks away but because effects follows causes.”(Roberts 2) The example he uses “The king died and, then the queen died” he says that the sentence changes and forms a plot when he adds motivation and causation to it which resulted in “the king died, and then the queen died of grief” (Roberts 2)

Posted by: Shania Bienaime at September 16, 2015 11:46 AM

Anayah Mckenzie
Dr. Hobbs
English 122 Academic Writing II CA03
September 15, 2015

Question: In order to show you one way to discuss a story’s plot, in his first sample essay of the chapter, “Conflicting Values in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” Roberts identifies one of the chief conflicts. For this question, identify and explain all the conflicts in Susan Glaspell’s “A Jury of Her Peers” and in what order they occurred.

Minnie Wright killed her husband because he took away the color out of her life. Before the marriage she enjoyed singing; however, after the marriage John Wright prevented her from doing what she liked, keeping her secluded in the house. Mrs. Hale said John was not a nice man because she knew (Glaspell 16).Minnie coped with it until the two ladies, Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters found the clues that John must have snapped Mrs. Wright’s canary’s neck, causing her to snap and kill him. This was because this bird brought excitement to her life.
Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peter talked about how they felt guilty for not taking to the time out to visit Mrs. Wright, just maybe she would not be in that position she is in now (Glaspell 13). Therefore, Mrs. Peter and Mrs. Hale decides to pass their own judgement and hide the evidence of the bird from their husbands. They came to the conclusion to bury it (Glaspell 18).

Posted by: Anayah McKenzie at September 16, 2015 01:11 PM

Lawrence Watt
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
16 September 2015

Question: "In order to show you one way to discuss a storie's plot, in his first sample essay of the chapter, "Conflicting Values in Thomas Hardy's 'The Three Strangers,'" Robert's identifies one of the chief conflicts. For this question identify and explain all the conflicts in Guy de Maupassant's "The Necklace" and in what order they occured."

Answer: There are many different conflicts in Guy de Maupassant’s “The Necklace” resulting from the beginning to the end of the story. It starts out with the first conflict of the story being an internal conflict in which Mrs. Loisel is constantly depressed and struggles to be satisfied with her life because of her aspirations to be a wealthy upper-class aristocrat. The next conflict comes about when the couple is invited to the dinner, and Mrs. Loisel has no special dress to wear. She begs her husband and pleads with him to help solve her problem of needing to look appropriate at the dinner. Next was the task of finding jewelry to wear to the party as she claimed “It’s awful, but I don't have any jewels to wear, not a single gem, nothing to dress up my outfit. I’ll look like a beggar. I’d almost rather not go to the party” ( de Maupassant 55). She expresses her need for some jewelry so that she does not look like a peasant in front of all the rich woman, and so she can fit in. This is the issue that leads to the main conflict of the whole story. Shortly after this was the event that changed the whole story. As Mrs. Loisel was preparing to leave the party, she realized she had lost the necklace and after looking for it thoroughly there was still nothing to be found. This lead to the conflict of having to try and find a replacement for the necklace that they thought was very expensive. After finding what they thought was a good replacement Mr. Loisel struggled to pay for the necklace as he took his life savings, loans from questionable people, and worked overtime just to be able to pay back the necklace. Also because of this tragic event their lives changed drastically as they had to move to a smaller place and give up the luxuries they did have. Also, Mrs. Loisel had to endure really what the life of a poor person was as she thought she had it bad a middle-class woman, she now realized how terrible it was to be truly poor. Then at the end of the story Mrs. Loisel sees the friend she borrowed the necklace from and was informed that the necklace was only worth about five hundred francs. The ten long years of laboring and being poor had all been for nothing, only if she would have told her friend the truth from the beginning.

Posted by: Lawrence Watt at September 16, 2015 01:43 PM

Jacie Dieffenwierth
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
16 September 2015

Question #16

Question: In order to show you one way to discuss a story’s plot, in his first sample essay of the chapter, “Conflicting Values in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” Roberts identifies one of the chief conflicts. For this question, identify and explain all the conflicts in Jonathan Nolan’s “Memento Mori” and in what order they occurred.


Answer: There are two main conflicts I identified in Jonathan Nolan’s “Memento Mori”. The one first introduced into the story would be Earl’s memory. “But you will forget—I guarantee it” (Nolan 1). He can only ever remember things in 10 minute intervals. Then his mind resets and he beings again. Throughout the story, Earl is struggling with himself to be able to kill the man that raped and killed his wife, going so far as to tattoo these things on his body so he’d always be able to remember. “Earl looks down at the arm. The letters are rising up from the skin, weeping a little. They run from just behind the strap of Earl’s watch all the way to the inside of his elbow. Earl blinks at the message and reads it again. It says, in careful little capitals, I RAPED AND KILLED YOUR WIFE” (Nolan 6). A secondary conflict would be the man he’s trying to kill, the reason behind Earl’s intense struggle that took years of his life to finally accomplish (Nolan 7). Unlike his memory, Earl was able to overcome his second conflict and ended up enacting his revenge (Nolan 8).

Posted by: Jacie Dieffenwierth at September 16, 2015 02:50 PM

Group 4: Maria Gonzalez, Jacie Dieffenwierth
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing CA09
16 September 2015

Question 8: In Roberts’s second sample essay of the chapter, “Conflict and Suspense in
Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” he explains the writer’s use of exposition. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant used exposition in “The Necklace.” You may need to review pages 99 to 100 of this chapter to recall the meanings of this term.

Answer: In “The Necklace,” Guy de Maupassant uses the exposition to introduce the main characters and show the basic setup of the story. For example, he describes the main character, Mathilde Loisel, as a pretty woman who, as if by accident, was not born into a wealthy family (de Maupassant 53). A short while after that, he describes Mathilde’s mournful attitude toward her fortune. Mathilde believed she was “destined for all delicacies and luxuries” (de Maupassant 53). It would be later revealed that this mentally causes the conflict in the short story. He also introduces her husband, a minor clerk (53) and Mathilde’s rich friend whom she borrows the necklace from (de Maupassant 54). De Maupassant also gives clues to the time frame when he mentions “women have neither rank nor race,” which would be in France around the 1800s (53).

Posted by: Maria Gonzalez at September 16, 2015 04:10 PM

Lawrence Watt, Necdet Gurkan, Zekeriya Kayaselcuk
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
16 September 2015

Question: In Robert's second sample essay of the chapter, "Conflict and Suspense in Thomas Hardy's 'The Three Strangers,'" he explains how thw writer sets up suspense and the crisis of the major conflict. For the is question explain how Guy de Maupassant revealed the crisis in "The Necklace."

Answer: The crisis in Guy de Maupassant’s “The Necklace” is when Mrs. Loisel looses the necklace at the party that her and her husband have attended. The author reveals this by explaining how Mrs. Loisel had such a great time at the party. “She danced joyfully, passionately, intoxicated with pleasure, thinking of nothing but the moment, in the triumph of her beauty, in the glory of her success, on cloud nine with happiness made up of all the admiration, of all the aroused desire, of this victory so complete and so sweet to the heart of any woman” (de Maupassant 56). This quote explains the reason for why the crisis came about. Mrs. Loisel was having such a great time at the party that she didn't even realize she had lost the necklace in the process. Later on, they took a cab home and after starring at herself in the mirror to look at her elegant self one last time Mrs. Loisel finally realized that she was no longer had the necklace around her neck. “She shook the shawl off her shoulders, in front of the mirror, to see herself once more in her glory. But suddenly she cried out. The necklace was no longer around her neck” (de Maupassant 57). Here de Maupassant clearly reveals how the crisis is coming about by explaining when Mrs. Loisel realized she lost her necklace and her reaction when she realized she lost it.

Posted by: Lawrence Watt at September 16, 2015 04:18 PM

Group 3
Brittany and Jorge
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
16 September 2015

Question: On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what “the climax” of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant presented the climax in “The Necklace.”

Answer: Edgar V. Roberts describes climax as "a consequence of the crisis, it is the story's high point" (Roberts 99). The climax of "The Necklace" would be when Mathilde finally confronts Mrs. Forrestier with the truth about losing her necklace. She then finds out the necklace was not nearly worth as much as what she had paid for it.

Posted by: Brittany and Jorge at September 16, 2015 04:21 PM

Group 5
Shania Bienaime, Shyiem-Akiem Brown
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
18 September 2015

Question: On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what “the climax” of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Ambrose Bierce presented the climax in “An Occurrence on Owl Creek Bridge.”

Answer: The climax of a story is the highest point of action. “Because the climax is a consequence of the crisis, it is the story’s highest point and may take the shape of a decision, an action, an affirmation or denial, or an illumination or a realization” (Roberts 99). The climax of the story An Occurrence on Owl Creek Bridge is when Farquhar is running back home from the soldiers who shot at him. The author presents the climax as a realization. “As he is about to clasp her he feels a stunning blow upon the back of his neck; a blinding white light blazes all about him with a sound like the shock of a cannon – then all is dark and silence” (Bierce 12).

Posted by: Shyiem-Akiem Brown at September 16, 2015 04:23 PM

Brad McAvoy
Dr. Hobbs
ENG II Academic Writing CA-09

The two most important elements to create a good plot and preventing the plot from becoming boring is motivation and causation. There is a cause and effect situation. There is a sequence of events. For example, my dog ran away from home and cried about it. "The king dies and the Queen dies from grief." (Poe 1) Motivation is when author lures the reader into his/her story and develop a stronger attraction as the story progresses then all of a sudden events of story change completely and story goes on a totally different path. Edgar introduces two elements is great.

Posted by: Brad McAvoy at September 16, 2015 10:20 PM

Matthew Beebe, Catalina Suarez, Zeida Alvarez
Dr. B. Lee Hobbs
ENG 122 - Academic Writing II CAO3
September 16, 2015

Question: If you have been paying attention to the topic of Roberts’s article, you will recall that it is focused on both “Plot” and “Structure.” These two concepts, however, are not the same. (a.) What makes them different? (b.) Explain some of the “matters” that the study of structure devotes itself to.

Answer: Plot is the elements governing the unfolding of the actions in a story (Roberts 1) while structure refers to the ways in which writers arrange materials in accord with the general ideas and purposes of their works (Roberts 7). The difference is plot concerned with conflict or conflicts while structure defines the layouts of works. The “matters” of the structure are everything that builds it up to the story. In the readings, it talks about exposition, complication, crisis, climax, etc. In other words, structure means the way the writer has presented the story to the reader. Some of the “matters” that the study of structure devotes itself to are, “[…] placement, balance, recurring themes, true and misleading conclusions, suspense, and the imitation of models or forms […]” (Roberts 7, 8).

Posted by: m at September 17, 2015 11:11 AM

Conner Knaresboro, Anayah McKenzie
Dr. Hobbs
Eng 122 Academic Writing II CA01
16 September 2015

Question: In order to show you one way to discuss a story’s plot, in his first sample essay of the chapter, “Conflicting Values in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” Roberts identifies one of the chief conflicts. For this question, identify and explain all the conflicts in Susan Glaspell’s “A Jury of Her Peers” and in what order they occurred.

Answer: The conflict is the first man vs. woman because the woman was driven crazy by the man and how he acted. For example, he didn’t let her continue singing. In a sense, it seems as if he controlled her. After they had got married, her personality changed; she started wearing dark clothing and staying inside and to herself. Once Mr. Wright killed Mrs. Wright’s canary, she was said to snap and killed him (Glaspell 16).
The next conflict would be women vs. society because Mrs. Peters and Mrs. Hales got into the men detective business. In this period, women didn't have the same rights as men, so it was out of the ordinary for them to do detective jobs. That resulted in the men talking, saying that all woman are good for is household work (Glaspell 6).
Woman vs. law is also a conflict because the women felt guilty for not being there for Mrs. Wright. Mrs. Wright was placed in an unfair position because of how her husband treated her and how he killed her canary. That caused her to kill her husband. Mrs. Hale thought she should not be punished for this and decided to take the bird. Mrs. Peters was against it at first but agreed to it (Glaspell 17-18).

Posted by: Conner Knaresboro at September 17, 2015 09:51 PM

Emma Duncan and Sabrina Mcintyre
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA03
17 September 2015

Question 2: In this chapter article, Roberts discusses the concept of conflict. A.) Define his explanation of “conflict”, i.e. what does it really mean? And b.) who/what three manifestations can a conflict express itself?

Answer: Roberts clearly explains conflict as, “controlling impulse in a connected pattern of causes and effects […] which refers to people or circumstances that a character must face and try to overcome” (Roberts, 93). His definition simply means that any disagreement between individuals, groups, etc. is considered a conflict. Roberts also described three manifestations where a conflict can express itself. The first one being an opposition of two people. For example, I didn’t want to go see the same movie as my friend the other night. Therefore, we are in a conflict. Second, an opposition between groups is a conflict. An example of this would be a group of workers in a company that cannot come to an agreement on an issue. The last one is abstract. An abstract conflict is when an individual opposes a larger force. An example could be an individual against nature.

Posted by: Emma Duncan at September 17, 2015 09:59 PM

Sidnee Yaeger, Peyton Farrier
Dr.Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA09
16 September 2015

Question 12: On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what “the resolution” of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant presented the resolution in “The Necklace.”

Answer: Roberts explains the resolution as the “completing of the story or play after the climax. For once the climax has occurred, the work’s tension and uncertainty are finished, and the most authors conclude quickly to avoid losing their readers interest” (Roberts 100). The resolution in “The Necklace” starts when Mr. and Mrs. Loisel pays back all the money they owed to buy a real diamond necklace that Mrs. Loisel lost after the dance (de Maupassant 57-59). Once they owed all their money back, Mrs. Loisel ran into Mrs. Forrestier on a stroll; they began a conversation about how they both changed since they saw each other last. Mrs. Forrestier said “Oh!...My poor Mathilde, you’ve changed so much.” Then Mrs. Loisel blamed Mrs. Forrestier for her aging. Mrs. Forrestier asked how it was her fault, Mrs. Loisel confessed she lost the necklace that she borrowed, that’s when Mrs. Forrestier stopped her saying the necklace that she let her borrow was not real, it was “only a costume jewelry” (de Maupassant 60).

Posted by: Sidnee Yaeger, Peyton Farrier at September 18, 2015 03:26 PM

Chloe Lelliott
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing 2 CA06
31 January 2016

Question 4) (a) What is the formula that Roberts recommends to ascertain the plot of a narrative? (b) Explain the example he uses to illustrate his point.

Answer 4) To determine the plot, Roberts recommends you find the conflicts in a story. In the text it says a simple plot could be "John and Jane meet, fall in love and get married" but what the text later tells us is that without any conflict the plot becomes uninteresting. Robert's then uses the same example but introduces problems such as Jane wanting to finish her education before have children, however John wants her to have children then finish her education. After using the example Robert's explains that the example is now a true plot because it now "contains major conflict from which a number of related complications develop".

Posted by: Chloe Lelliott at January 31, 2016 10:19 AM

Randawnique Coakley
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 121 Academic Writing II CA06
1 February 2016

In this chapter article, Roberts discusses the concept of conflict. (a.)Define his explanation of “conflict,” i.e. what does it really mean? and (b.) who/what three manifestations can a conflict express itself?

In this article, Roberts explains conflicts as " the controlling impulse in a connected pattern of causes and effects (Roberts 93)." Roberts also mentioned that conflicts referred to "people or circumstances that a character must face and try to overcome (93)." Essentially, a conflict is an obstacle or an obstruction that a character as to face or overcome or even an "opposition between two people (93)." And this opposition multiple attitudes or actions, such as envy, anger, or avoidance (93). Also, a conflict can in many forms; in fact, Robert explains that conflicts can exist between groups, exist in the abstract form with larger oppositions, such as public opinion or, or even exist with a difficult choice having to be made, which is a dilemma (Roberts 94).

Posted by: Randawnique Coakley at January 31, 2016 03:14 PM

Vincia Mitchell
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing 11 CA06
29 January 2016

Question: According to Edgar V. Roberts, in “Writing Plot and Structure”, what two things should a good plot demonstrate?. A) In other words, what two things need to be present in an interesting (rather than boring) plot? B) Why?

Answer: According to (Roberts 93), “in a well-plotted story or play, one thing follows another.” This sequence can only function properly with a motivation and a causation factor, which helps the story to be less fictional and appears to be realer. Without these factors, the plot will be unbalanced or weak, which will result in the reader becoming bored of the text. Therefore, in a good work of fiction, effects follow causes and everything are related (93).

Posted by: Vincia Mitchell at January 31, 2016 04:43 PM

Hannah Rowe
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CAO6
31 January 2016

“Writing about Plot and Structure”

Q: In order to show you one way to discuss a story’s plot, in his first sample essay of the chapter, “Conflicting Values in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers’ “ Roberts identifies one of the chief conflicts. For this question, identify and explain all the conflicts in Guy de Maupassant’s “The Necklace’ and in which order they occurred.

A: Guy de Maupassant work “The Necklace” is full of conflicts from its beginning to its end. As Roberts explains, conflict may be found in one’s beliefs-their “impulses, goals, values” (Roberts 96). In Guy de Maupassant’s “The Necklace,” Mathilde believes she is meant to have wealth and riches, however her circumstances do not allow this, making it an internal conflict for her. Usually, as Roberts explains, the major conflict is found in the plot itself (Roberts 99). Because of Mathilde’s belief, she feels she needs a fancy necklace for the ball. After losing it, this is where the major conflict comes into play. This major plot is all the hardships Mathilde and her husband endure to pay off a necklace that was bought to replace the stolen one. After years of paying for a necklace both financially, mentally, and physically, Mathilde’s conflict is still not over, as she suddenly discovers all her efforts were in vain and the necklace she slaved for was only worth 500 francs (de Maupassant 60).

Posted by: Hannah Rowe at January 31, 2016 06:20 PM

Heather Hauck
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA06
31 January 2016

Question #5: If you have been paying attention to the topic of Roberts’s article, you will recall that it is focused on both “Plot” and “Structure.” These two concepts, however, are not the same. (a.) What makes them different? (b.) Explain some of the “matters” that the study of structure devotes itself to.

Answer: A plot must have motivation and causation to show the relation and effect of the protagonist and antagonist’s conflicts. Roberts states, “Conflict is the major element of plot because opposing forces arouse curiosity, cause doubt, create tension, and produce interest” (Roberts 94). The structure consists of five essential elements that, “defines the layouts of works—the ways the story, play, or poem is shaped” (Roberts 98). These literary devices aid in the development of the plot and create each stage within the literary piece. The five fundamentals are exposition (story and character development), complication (identification of conflict), crisis (point of highest tension), climax (breaking point of change or action), and resolution or dénouement (unveiling of the characters and event). The structural pattern can create different variations of emphasis, flashback, and suspense that allow the author to tailor their story or play with the most impact.

Posted by: Heather Hauck at January 31, 2016 07:09 PM

Jennifer Belcastro
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122-Academic Writing II CA06
01 February 2016

Question: On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what “the climax” of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Ambrose Bierce presented the climax in “An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge.”

Answer: Bierce introduced the climax by showing what Farquhar felt while he was hung. He was dreaming of getting away from his executors and being with his wife again. The narrator states, “As he pushes open the gate and passes up the wide white walk [ . . . ] his wife, looking fresh and cool and sweet, steps down from the veranda to meet him” (Bierce 12). Farquhar believes he is at his home with his wife waiting for him to arrive. In actuality, he is dead hanging over the river. As it is stated here, “a stunning blow upon the back of the neck [ . . . ] all is darkness and silence! Peyton Farquhar was dead” (12). This sentence shows how the climax ends by him being hung.

Posted by: Jennifer Belcastro at January 31, 2016 07:59 PM

Omar Martinez
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA06
31 January 2016

Question: On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what “the climax” of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant presented the climax in “The Necklace.”

Answer: The climax of The Necklace is that Madame Loisel lost the necklace that she borrowed. She borrowed the necklace to pretend she is something that she’s not and then loses the necklace. “But suddenly she cried out. The necklace was no longer around her neck (de Maupassant 57)!” This quote was exactly when she lost the necklace, and they couldn’t find it, and her life became miserable because she paid for a new necklace but there was a debt. She had to clean and be a maid; it lasted ten years.

Posted by: Omar Martinez at January 31, 2016 08:05 PM

Nastassja Sielchan
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA06
1 February 2016

Question: On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what “the resolution” of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant presented the resolution in “The Necklace.”

Answer: According to Roberts, the resolution “is the completing of the story or play after the climax has occurred” (Roberts 100). In de Maupassant’s “The Necklace”, the resolution was when Mathilde met up with Mrs. Forrestier at the end, and Mrs. Forrestier told her the necklace was just costume jewelry. The exchange gave the readers an end to the story while still being entertained.

Posted by: Nastassja Sielchan at February 1, 2016 10:33 AM

Clark de Bullet
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA06
1 February 2016

Theory on Plot and Structure

Question #17: On pages 99 to 100 of this chapter, Roberts explains what “the climax” of a narrative means. For this question, explain how Edgar Allan Poe presented the climax in “A Tell-Tale Heart.”

Answer: A climax is a “consequence to the crisis” either god or bad (Roberts 99). It could help the character to move on or cripple them on the spot. It is the last big thing to happen and usually related to a decision (100). The climax of “A Tell-Tale Heart” is when the lead character hears the heart beating from under the floorboards (Poe 8). After hearing the drumming of the heart, he finally snaps and reveals that he is the murderer.

Posted by: Clark de Bullet at February 1, 2016 01:23 PM

Travis Farmer


Dr. Hobbs


ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA06


1 February 2016




Question: 3. “Conflict,” Robert claims, is a “major element of plot” because of four actions that it creates/produces/causes/arouses in the reader. Identify and explain each of those actions, i.e. what is their connection to one another (or) how does one depend upon the other?




Answer: Roberts states that "Conflict is the major element of plot because opposing forces arouse curiosity, cause doubt, create tension, and produce interest." All four of the actions interact with each other in a circle. Without tension, there is no interest, and without doubt there is no tension. Roberts states that there should be uncertainty about a protagonist's fate.

Posted by: Travis Farmer at February 1, 2016 01:59 PM

Nastassja Sielchan and Allison Cobb
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA06
1 February 2016

Question: “Conflict,” Robert claims, is a “major element of plot” because of four actions that it creates/produces/causes/arouses in the reader. Identify and explain each of those actions, i.e. what is their connection to one another (or) how does one depend upon the other?

Answer: Roberts says, “Conflict is the major element of the plot because opposing forces arouse curiosity, cause doubt, create tension, and produce interest” (Roberts 94). For a story to catch and hold the readers interest, there must be some conflict. Curiosity is connected to interest, because once you question the story, the more likely you are to continue reading to get to the end and answer all the questions you have.

Posted by: Nastassja Sielchan at February 1, 2016 02:57 PM

Phil Moss Omar Martinez
English 122
Dr. Hobbs
1 February 2016

Question: According to Edgar V. Roberts, in “Writing about Plot and Structure,” what two things should a good plot demonstrate? (a.) In other words, what two things need to be present in an interesting (rather than boring) plot?(b.) Why?

Answer: for a plot to become more than just a set of words it requires two elements. A plot must have motivation and causation. In other words, every sentence must have a reason for taking place in a story. “In Aspects of a novel Forster presents a memorable illustration of a plot to illustrate a bare set of actions he proposes the following “the king died and then the queen died” Forster points out that this sequence does not form a plot because it lacks motivation and causation”(Roberts 93).

Posted by: Phillip Moss at February 1, 2016 02:59 PM

Randawnique Coakley Hannah Rowe
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 121 Academic Writing II Ca 06
1 February 2016

If you have been paying attention to the topic of Roberts’s article, you will recall that it is focused on both “Plot” and “Structure.” These two concepts, however, are not the same. (a.) What makes them different? (b.)Explain some of the “matters” that the study of structure devotes itself to.

In the article, “Writing About Plot and Structure The Development and Organization of Narratives and Drama”, Roberts describes a plot as “a bare set of actions ” (Roberts 93), on focused conflicts and involved with motivations and causations. Roberts also writes that the “structure refers to the ways in which the writer arrange materials in accord with the general ideas and purposes of their works (98).” However, structure and plot are not the same; in fact, a structure is “defined the layouts of works” whereas, the plot is “concerned with conflicts”. Essentially, structure is the skeleton and how the work is shaped and laid out. On the other hand, the plot is about conflict.
Also, structure devotes itself to matters, for example, “placement, balance, recurring themes, true and misleading conclusions, suspense and the imitation of models or forms (99).” Structure, ultimately, deals with the matters of the placement of the story.

Posted by: Randawnique Coakley at February 1, 2016 03:47 PM

Vincia Mitchell and Travis Farmer
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing 11 CA06
1 February 2016

Question: One thing you will be asked to do in this course is to articulate the plot of
your short story choice for the annotated bibliography section of your
final paper. (a.) What is the formula that Roberts recommends to ascertain
the plot of a narrative? (b.) Explain the example he uses to illustrate his
point.

Answer: According to (Robert 94), to determine the plot of a narrative one should find the conflict in the narrative. Even though the plot consists of the cause and effect factor in the example Roberts used, without a conflict the plot will not be interesting. The reader’s interest will gradually grow after discovering that both partners are at war with regards to marrying first, having kids and then finishing school or finish school first, then marry, and have children. In addition, the reader will be eager to discover whether or not the conflict will be resolved. Also, after gaining the knowledge that the couples are no longer together, he/she will have a thirst to discover if they will be reunited in the end. Therefore, the use of a conflict in a plot is important if authors desire to catch their readers’ attention.

Posted by: Vincia Mitchell at February 1, 2016 11:06 PM

Clark de Bullet, Chloe Lelliott
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA06
1 February 2016

The Development and Organization of Narratives and Drama

Question #9: In Roberts’s second sample essay of the chapter, “Conflict and Suspense in Thomas Hardy’s ‘The Three Strangers,’ ” he explains how the writer sets up the complication. For this question, explain how Guy de Maupassant set up the complication in “The Necklace.” You may need to review pages 99 to 100 of this chapter to recall the meanings of this term.

Answer: Guy de Maupassant set up the complication by having the party invitation be sent to them which was beyond their social standing and what they could afford to do (de Maupassant 54). “There’s nothing more humiliating than looking shabby in the company of rich women” (55) so Mrs. Loisel borrows a necklace from her wealthy friend, to avoid embarrassment (56). The complication is when she finds out that she had lost the necklace and her reaction to it (57).

Posted by: Clark de Bullet at February 3, 2016 01:21 AM

Heather Hauck / Matthew Scharr
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA06
3 February 2016

Question #2: In this chapter article, Roberts discusses the concept of conflict. (a.)
Define his explanation of “conflict,” i.e. what does it really mean? and (b.)
who/what three manifestations can a conflict express itself?

Answer: Roberts defines conflict as “the opposition of two people. Their conflict may take the shape of anger, hatred, envy, argument, fighting, avoidance, political or moral opposition, gossip, lies, and many other attitudes and actions” (Roberts 93-94). Roberts is stating that it is a foil amongst the protagonist and antagonist, to include forces of nature, concepts, groups, etc., which takes many forms. The three manifestations of conflict are doubt, tension, and interest (Roberts 94).

Posted by: Heather Hauck at February 3, 2016 01:01 PM

Matt Scharr, Heather Hauck
Dr. Hobbs
English 122 CA06 Academic writing II
3 February 2016

Conflict according to Roberts is the interaction between the antagonist and the protagonist. In other words conflict happens when we see a confrontation either being worked out or solved during a story. This is usually what makes a story either interesting or boring. There are three manifestations that Roberts describes, these are, doubt, tension, and interest.

Posted by: Matt Scharr, Heather Hauck at February 3, 2016 01:47 PM

Matt Scharr, Heather Hauck
Dr. Hobbs
English 122 CA06 Academic writing II
3 February 2016

Conflict according to Roberts is the interaction between the antagonist and the protagonist. In other words conflict happens when we see a confrontation either being worked out or solved during a story. This is usually what makes a story either interesting or boring. There are three manifestations that Roberts describes, these are, doubt, tension, and interest.

Posted by: Matt Scharr, Heather Hauck at February 3, 2016 01:47 PM

Justin Robinson, Jennifer Belcastro
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA06
3 February 2016

Question: 6.) Roberts clearly identifies five parts of the structure “skeleton” that can
usually be found in most stories and plays. Identify and explain each one.

Answer: 6.) Exposition- Learn about the main characters: background of them, setting etc.
Complication- The plot of the story, the major scene that takes place.
Crisis- The conflict reaches the tension, decides whether they solve it or leave it.
Climax- High point of the story, nothing new happens close to the end of the story, leads to the resolution of the story.
Resolution- The end of the story, comes after the climax, usually ends pretty quickly

Posted by: Justin Robinson at February 3, 2016 02:26 PM

Travis Farmer & Vincia Mitchell


Dr. Hobbs


ENG 122 Academic Writing II CA06


3 February 2016




Plot - Peyton Farquhar is being hanged from a bridge, before being dropped he considers swimming away. It is then revealed in a flashback that he is a southern plantation owner who nationally supports the south. A man comes to his door saying he is a soldier for the South and that the union has taken a nearby bridge and that Peyton could probably burn the bridge down if he made it past the guards. The soldier then leaves and is then revealed to be a spy for the Union, luring Peyton into a trap. The story then returns to the present, and the rope around Peyton's neck breaks. He goes under the water and makes a run for it. He starts to walk the 30 miles back home, through a seemingly endless forest. He falls asleep while walking, and wakes up to a flash of light and pain on his neck. It is revealed that he imagined the whole thing in the seconds between he was dropped and his neck broke.


Conflicts - The conflict in the story is that Peyton is being hanged and secondly that he needs to escape from the bridge. The central conflict is Peyton vs. The Military officers.


Climax? The climax of the story is at the very end when it is revealed that Peyton was imagining the whole thing. The rope did not actually break, and he was only imagining everything between being dropped and his neck breaking.

Posted by: Travis Farmer at February 3, 2016 03:19 PM

Justin Robinson, Jennifer Belcastro
Dr. Hobbs
ENG 122- Academic Writing II CA06
05 February 2016

Question: What is the plot? Discuss/find the conflicts. What is the climax? What is the main conflict?

Answer: The plot of “The Necklace” is Mathilde loses Mrs. Forrestier’s necklace. Mathilde notices that she lost it when she got home from the party, “in front of the mirror, to see herself [ . . . ] the necklace was no longer around her neck” (de Maupassant 57). She freaked out about losing the necklace and had to retrace her steps from her house back to the party. One of many reasons she wanted the necklace in the first place is that Mathilde wanted to look better than the women did at the party. The narrator states that “she was prettier than anyone else” (56). If Mathilde did not care about how she looked at the party, she would not be in this situation. The climax of the story is Mathilde found out the necklace she lost was costume jewelry. Mrs. Forrestier says, “But mine was only costume jewelry. At most, it was worth only five hundred francs” (60). Mathilde bought a replacement necklace that was, at least, fifty percent more than the original. De Maupassant states that Mathilde had to do the heavy housework and her husband had to work longer shifts. Now Mathilde wishes she did not have to borrow the necklace and have to have a hard life.

Posted by: Jennifer Belcastro at February 5, 2016 12:49 PM

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