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March 22, 2006

When Students Revolt: Reacting to Anarchy & _Generation '89_

Today I screened the first part of a documentary film called Pokołenie '89 by director Maria Zmarz-Koczanowicz. This comprehensive exposé provided a series of concise vignettes about the Independent Student Union [in Polish, "NZS"] participants who, in the late '80s, actively opposed the Communist government in Warszawa, Poland. Says the Visegrad Documentary Library:

The portrait of the first generation of Poles who reached adulthood after 1989, the turning point for the political transformation in Poland. The protagonists are middle-class people from Warsaw.

I will show the conclusion in the following class meeting. Granted, this material is hardcore and radically different from anything I've shown thus far. For example, the production is subtitled. So, for several at least, this is the first opportunity some of the students have had to literally "read" a film as a text. My decision to immerse them . . .

Maria Zmarz-Koczanowicz, Filmmaker

. . . into the overwhelming environment of a language they are unaccustomed to hearing spoken (and subject matter just as foreign) took the obvious risk of either totally alienating them from the film altogether or encouraging a radical engagement. For most, it seemed, the latter possibility prevailed as they were all very attentive and actively took notes along with me.

I had previously considered giving some background information about the time-period and setting of the film as a mini-lecture before the film but finally decided to keep this "prepping" to the bare minimum. I wanted to get a more honest reader-response-type reaction first to see what kind of connections to the class discourse thus far they could formulate.

The following was the basic "setup" I provided:

What is it about?

This film is a documentary about the generation of Polish young people that led a revolution in their country in 1989, effectively overthrowing the influence of one of the most powerful superpowers at the time, the Soviet Union, which overtly ghosted much of the policy-making for Communist Poland through puppet leaders like General Wojciech Jaruzelski.

Remember, at the end of WWII, the USSR effectively “liberated” Poland and replaced its former government with a Soviet-friendly Communist one.

In 1989, while many of you who are in your twenties were around 2 or 3 years old, these young people (mostly college students in their "then" twenties) organized demonstrations, wrote and distributed from underground publications, supported solidarity and worker's strikes and openly defied martial law by clashing with police until the government was compelled to negotiate, ultimately leading to elected representation in parliament.

If the ideas of these students had never fully developed into action, the “chain-of-event” theories we’ve been discussing this semester, which inspired their neighbors in East Germany to demonstrate and contributed to the fall of the Berlin Wall (i.e. the end of Communism in Europe) would never have happened. So, think about these things and where you (and your own generation of 2006) are NOW in your life.

Without revealing too much about this 2002 production from Telewisja Polska, I'll leave you with some questions I asked them to consider afterwards while they await part II.

1. How did the Warsaw generation of 1989 conduct their revolution?

2. What does solidarity mean and what does it have to do with the events in this film?

Think about "roles"

3. The role of pop-culture: What role did music play in the revolutionary activity of generation '89?

4. The role of religion: What role did, in this case, the Roman-Catholic Church play?

5. The role of education: What role did the educational system, i.e. the university, play?

6. The role of people: What role did youth/young people play?
7. The role of idealism: What role did idealism play in the generation ’89?

Also:

8. If Poland's "twentysomethings" of 1989 are now "known" for something (as memorialized in this documentary), consider your own generation of 2006. What is it known for? Or, what do you think it will be known for?

9. Think about how the police, an obvious minority, were documented in the footage when they turned on their own citizenry in a peaceful demonstration. Can you think of any parallels to these events in your own country's history?

10. Think about the actual definitions of the word "conservative" and the word "liberal." What do they generally mean when applied to the "politics" (but not the social/religous mores) of your own country? How did these same terms apply to the politics of 1989 Poland, as shown in the film?

For more information about this production, please see the information below:

Pokolenie '89
Pokolenie '89 [Generation '89]. Screenplay by Maria Zmarz-Koczanowicz and Andrzej Franaszek. Dir. Maria Zmarz-Koczanowicz. Telewisja Polska, 2002. 58 min.

See an article in English about the director HERE and on the film (Polish language only) HERE.

Comments? Please leave them below.

Thanks!

Lee

*Read more English-Blog Film Reviews HERE!

Posted by lhobbs at March 22, 2006 07:31 PM

Readers' Comments:

Professor Hobbs

There are five important roles. The role of music, role of religion, role of the education system, role of the youth, and role of idealism. Out of these five roles the one that is to me the most important is the role of the youth. The reason why I say the role of the youth is the most important is because of the following reasons. The youth are the leaders of tomorrow. Without the youth being known and having some say in what to do it will end up causing the world to run more smoothly in years to come. If the youth are not involved and are not listened to then when its there time to take the stand and to run the country the country will not run as smoothly as it could have been if the youths were heard and had a say. A smooth running country is more important to me then the educational system. This is because without a smoothly running country there would be no education system. The individuals living in the world will be running around wild and would not even have the want to go to school. Roles of religion is another thing without a smooth running system there would be no religion that would be held because individuals would not have the know how or the want of a religion. Roles of music yes music everyone listens to there’s a meaning behind music you all say. I agree on that but without the government, community running smoothly then there will be no meaning behind the music it will be just words. This is the main reason why I say youths are the main importance without the youths knowing what to do and being allowed to have some say the world and all the other things in it would not exist anymore.

Jennifer G.

Posted by: Jennifer Giuliani at March 27, 2006 04:24 PM

Professor Hobbs,

I believe that the biggest role in the film “Generation ’89” is the factor of youth. I think that the factors of music, religion, educational system, and idealism all contributed, however, I feel that they were roles because of the youth. The music gave the youth a way to express themselves, religion sided with them, the educational system would not have played a role at all had a different age group because it was the colleges that were helping the youth, and idealism is a characteristic that most youthful people contain. Although the changes that took place in Poland could not have taken place without all of the contributing factors working together, so while all of the roles are important, I feel that everything hinged on the fact that the predominant age group leading the protests was a youthful one.

Kelsey L.

Posted by: Kelsey L. at March 27, 2006 11:40 PM

Professor Hobbs,

After watching and reading the film on “Generation 89” I got a better understanding of the history of Poland and its government. I know now that the youth of the time played a big role in the changes that occurred. They group of people who were in college during the late 1980’s formed a union against communism in Poland. It seams as though everything in Poland at this time revolved around the issues of communism. I think the most influential factor in the revolution was the youth of the time.

The pop music at the time, shown in the film, was punk rock. This music was very rebellious and inspiring to the youth of the time. Punk rock was anti-communism. The people who listened to this music seemed to be very passionate about the music and the meaning. I think the music was an important factor in helping the youth keep their strong rebellious spirit alive.

An other factor in the revolution was the education system. The Universities in Poland were a place for communication and research. The schools were able to get together and research ways to revolt. This also contributed to the youth getting together to lead the revolution.

Many Factors played important roles in the revolution against communism in Poland during the late 1980’s. The music was a public way to express the thoughts of many displeased citizens. The education system was a way to plan and organize. I think the most important though was the youth of the time. Their voices were the loudest in the revolution. A group of college students came together to form the union that eventually led to circle table meetings. This union also was the reason for a president to be elected. The young people where enrolled in the universities and listed to the popular punk rock music.

C. Robinson

Posted by: Cathy at March 28, 2006 04:42 PM

Professor Hobbs

Pop culture played a significant role in the revolutionary action of Generation 89. This group of “twenty-something” year olds sought the music industry in away of revolting against the Communist government. The “punk rock” genre exhibited revolting establishment and living freely. The revolutionaries united through this music by expressing their feelings on their society. They were able to join forces and develop a significant group of people that was willing to stand up against the government. It excited the revolutionary groups and pumped them up for changing their oppressive government. The music industry was a way to influence the media enough to attract younger generations to join in the revolt, making it was easier to be public about the revolting power that was rising. I believe that the most powerful role played the revolutionary action was pop culture. Not only did it inform and distribute knowledge of societal issues, but it united a power large enough to overthrow the government.

Samantha V.

Posted by: Samantha V. at March 28, 2006 05:40 PM

Professor Hobbs,

The events that occurred in Poland in 1989 proved the importance of a nation’s youth. Many factors helped to contribute the decisions of the students that wanted to see a change to communist Poland. Among these are youth, religion, music, the educational system and idealism.

Music is one of the most important out of these five factors. Music allows a person to express themselves and spread their beliefs to other people that may share the same beliefs. In 1989, many of the students participating in this revolution saw punk music as a way to spread what they thought was wrong with the government to many people.

Although music plays a very important role, the educational system also helped the students as well. While at college, the students were able to research the past of Poland in order to find out what changes should be made. The campus provided easy meeting places for the students to share ideas and devise plans.

All of the mentioned factors all helped contribute to the occurrences in 1989. Without one of these factors, a part of the plan to revolutionize the government would not fall into play correctly. If this were to happen, it is possible that the youth of that time could have failed and Poland may have remained the same, even in the present.

Ali L.

Posted by: Ali L. at March 28, 2006 05:54 PM

Professor Hobbs,

There were many roles played in the film, “Generation ’89.” Some of these roles were music, religion, the educational system, the youth, and idealism. The argument has been risen, what role was most important in the film. I would say that the role of the youths was the most important in the film. This is true for a number of reasons. The most important reason why youths played the most vital role in the documentary is they were the focus of the film. Throughout the movie we saw youths conducting protests and revolts. They were the driving force behind the whole movement. Sometimes their protests were non-violent while other times they were not. The NZS (Independent Student Union) organized the protests and they represented the entire youth population. Everything that they did represented how the youths felt. Many people found it unbelievable that these young adults could be so organized and lead a revolt that would overthrow the government. I also feel that they were the most important, because they represented many different spectrums of people. Not all of the youths were exactly alike. Their interests in music and religion were just a few of the hundreds of differences between the youths. Through all of these differences, the youth still managed to come together and takeover the government.

Kashiff M.

Posted by: Kashiff M. at March 28, 2006 08:54 PM

Dear Professor Hobbs,

I feel the most contributing factor we talked about in class was idealism. Idealism is the personal ideals a group or individual has. I think this is the most contributing because it mostly involves the other factors. A person's religion is inside their ideals. Also the type of music a person chooses is based on the ideas they have. The factors that don't really deal with idealism is youth and educational system. You cant pick your age, but you can pick your beliefs at certain ages. You can pick your educational system, but you cant pick how they respond.

I feel the students all acted upon their different beliefs. Most of them shared the same belief that a change was needed. Everyone demonstarted their beliefs in different ways with demonstrations, music and other acts. Even religion became a factor when people came to see the Pope. In the end everyone used all of their own personal beliefs to change a government and made Poland a better place for it.

See you in class,
Brendan Wayne Lockard

Posted by: Brendan at March 28, 2006 11:07 PM

Professor Hobbs,

With the revolution of generation ‘89, education seems to be an important role that they relied on. Their education that they were getting at the universities allowed them the information that they needed to know that something was not right with their government. It also gave them the opportunities to prove their points by the information that they have learned. Although it is important, education is not the only role that played an impact on their revolt.

Idealism is the generality of what is wanted out of life. Idealism, gave many if not all the knowledge to know that they have every right to all these freedoms and rights. They could look upon other countries and see that their rights are important and that were going to get them not matter what.

Kelly J.

Posted by: Kelly J at March 29, 2006 12:38 AM

Professor Hobbs,

I feel that the role of the youth played the largest part in Generation 89, since the late teen early twenties college students played a big part in the fall of communism. Although, I do believe the punk rock music did help preach the messages of the younger generation while expressing their true feelings for the world to hear. When people are in college and they are young and free, nothing seems to matter. Nothing that needs to be said will be held back and the youth is not worried about getting arrested or losing their jobs. The carefree generation of 89 made communist Poland what it is today.

Angela H.

Posted by: Angela H. at March 29, 2006 12:50 AM

Dear Professor Hobbs,

I believe that the most important role in generation 89' was the music. In today's society music is highly paid attention to because we know of its great influences and expressions. In a time of communist Poland this helped so many people relate to each other when they couldn't do it out in public, and listen to somone that saying what they couldn't. I don't think the roles of religion, idealism didn't have the same effect that music did. I think religion always plays the same role in every generation, but it never gets very popular. Idealism was restricted because of the controling laws of communism. Music was the one free thing that became very poular at a time where it was needed to help a generation such as 89'.

Posted by: P.Beckles at March 29, 2006 10:00 AM

Professor Hobbs:


The role that was the most important in the Generation of '89 was the role of idealism for several reasons. To begin with, around the time of the young people at the time, their country, Poland, was going through communism, and they had a government that could care less about them. During that time, the college students wanted their government to be a certain way, which was to become more liberal, like that of the United States. They wanted their idealistic views and takes on the government to be heard so they were apart of many demonstrations and such. The role of idealism is more important than the role of religion, because many of those students were atheist so they didn't go to church or believe in a higher being.

Linda M.

Posted by: Linda M. at March 29, 2006 10:15 AM

29 March 2006

Professor Hobbs,

The most important role in the ‘89 Polish revolution was the role of music. It’s more than just a role; it was the beginning. Without music the revolution may have never begun. It was a common interest that brought the college students together. They could see in sheerer numbers at the concerts who was on their side. No one is going to start a revolution if there is no one else on his or her side. These kids constantly had the music blaring in their ears that they were doing the right thing. If they ever felt alone in the revolution they could just listen to a tape and get reaffirmed. The music is where they got their ideas from and it’s where they got told what was going to happen next. It was the meetinghouse of the revolution. The students could walk down the street and see someone dressed like them and know that that person would back what they do 100%. Every fire needs it’s fuel, but it also needs some wood to get it started and that what music was. Religion and the educational system also had their roles, but they were just fuel to keep it going. These roles gave the students encouragement to keep this major thing going. If the church, all of these adults, and their teachers were on the students side; who was against them? A fire takes anything it can get a flame started on. Through it all music survived as a foundation for the revolution. The lyrics played in the students’ heads as they took to the streets with action.

Sam H.

Posted by: Sam H. at March 29, 2006 11:21 AM

Hobbs,

In the film Generation 89, I would have to say that music was the most important role that came out of the revolution. Although there were other roles that emerged throughout the process such as religion, the education system, the youth and also idealism, music proved to more influential and dominant in the lives of young people.

In this time period, rock music was the primary music selection for teenagers and young adults. The content of the songs spoke of the communist party and the hardships that everyone experienced everyday. This acted as a public service announcement in a way that it created an understanding for their listeners of what was going on. In my eyes music also acted as a deterrent for young people to get their minds off of what was going on. In the documentary, the narrator mentioned that the majority of teens used rock music as a form of rebellion against their oppressors; the communist party and also their parents who were viewed as trying to hold them back.

There were also the roles of religion and the education system but unlike music, these were viewed as a form of enslavement or conformity. With religion, you were forced to adhere to someone else’s views and beliefs. Music, rock in particular, has a hostile feel and displays anarchy and rebellion which is the opposite of what the communist were trying to achieve. The young people of Generation 89 wanted to be non-conformists and music was the easiest way to go about expressing themselves. Therefore, music was the most influential role in the revolution of Generation 89.

Adrianne E.

Posted by: Adrianne E at March 29, 2006 12:45 PM

There were many roles that took a part in the revolution that took place in Poland during 1989. Among them were the role of music, religion, education, youth and idealism. The role of music was a part of the revolution because the government tried to use Punk music at first to distract the youth of Poland and make them rebel against anything that had a definite structure as well as stray from the politics in the country. However the musicians of said punk rock music imbedded in their lyrics some rights that were denied in their country and this helped Poland’s youth see just how important it was for them to awaken from their sleep and do something to help their country. Religion took a part in the revolution because the Catholic Church became involved. They did not believe in the communist political system whether it was because they were unable to have the power that they once had or because they truly thought it unjust, we cannot say, but they were able to help the college students of Poland with their cause. This was done despite the fact that many young college students were atheist. The role of education did its part by allowing the history and political science departments teach the college students what they needs to know in order to fight this revolution. In a way it was their safe haven. It was a place where they could go and strike without having to worry about being taken in by the militia. The education system for once did not hide the truth from its student and only teach what the government wanted its people to learn. The role of youth was important in that they young college students were the ones that retaliated against the government. There were of course older generations that took part in the revolt but the youth for the most part had the loudest voice. Idealism provided the students with a dream of how their country could someday be. This is what I think could perhaps me the most important role. Without this dream there would have been no spark in the minds of the college students and there would have been no dreams of a better day.

Posted by: Emily S. at March 29, 2006 01:24 PM

Hello Lee,

The role which I believe to be most important in the revolution of Generation '89 is that of youth. The youth of the world is the formula for a good future. With such a large base of youthful Polish college students standing up for what they believe in, it shows the strength and potential in the future of a Poland under democracy rather than communism. I believe that it is very reassuring to have so many young people believe in so much, and to fight for what they believe in until they get it. You can't get what you deserve just by laying down and allowing your rights to get walked all over. You must fight for what you believe in, and these young college students know what it will take to keep their rights.

Missy Z.

Posted by: Missy Z at March 29, 2006 01:57 PM

Lee,

I am from the generation before '89. I am the original Solidarity movement generation; the one who '89ners felt betrayed by in 1989.

I see that the films not only served as a springboard for writing exercises, but provided them with a glimpse into period of recent history, and region, rather unknown to these kids.

I found especially interesting Adrianne's point about the influence of music. You see, that was true for all the generations growing up under the communist regime. People would learn the lyrics to rock' roll song, without actually knowing the language, or understanding the deeper meanings behind the words.

So, before punk rock came along, we (I don't want to focus on my age!) would try to sing along to records often smuggled across the border. I had no idea what was the real meaning of, e.g., "take a load of Mary...." but all these songs brought that air of freedom! I have always claimed that it was rock'n roll that brought down communism!

Has anyone done a thorough study of the role of rock'n roll in revolutionary movements?

I am sure these films are not easy for our students to relate to, because they do not have the greater context for many of the stories shown. It seems though they have picked up on many important issues, received them well enough, and hopefully enjoyed.

Thanks, Lee, for exposing your students to the films, and part to a sliver of Polish culture and history. I am very grateful.

~Ola K.

Posted by: Ola K. at March 29, 2006 11:49 PM

Samantha V.,

Though I agree that popular punk rock music played an important role in the revolution, I disagree with your opinion that it was the most influential factor. In my opinion, the youth was the most influential factor of the revolution. You said, “The revolutionaries united through this music by expressing their feelings on their society. They were able to join forces and develop a significant group of people that was willing to stand up against the government. The music industry was a way to influence the media enough to attract younger generations to join in the revolt, making it was easier to be public about the revolting power that was rising. “

I do agree with you in that the music helped inspire the youth in their revolt. I think there were many other factors that also inspired them. The main thing though is that the youth was being inspired in one way or an other. The youth were the leaders of the revolution. I feel that they played the most important role in the revolution.

Cathy R.

Posted by: Cathy at March 30, 2006 11:44 AM

Regarding Kelly's Remark,

On the English blog where the class posted what they thought the most important role was in the film Generation ‘89 I disagree with Kelly’s opinion about how she thought the most important role was education. She stated that she thought that education was most important because it was a placed where the students could make a stand and prove their point. Also, that the universities let their students do this, and by it happening this gave the students many opportunities. I think that the most important role was the youth because with or without the universities the students would have still made a huge deal about the governmental issues either at the universities or someplace else. These people in their early twenties were so strong about proving a point that it would not matter where it was. They could have proven their point on the side of the road or outside of a grocery store. The universities really do not have that big of a role in the film Generation ‘89.

Liz L.

Posted by: Liz L. at March 30, 2006 06:32 PM

Jennifer G.,

I disagree with your argument that states that the role of youth was the most important part of the revolution that took place in Poland in 1989. I believe that without idealism there would not have been a cause for the youth to fight for. There needs to be a spark and a vision in the minds of anyone in order for a revolution to begin. Also there has to be an ideal situation in which a large amount of people believe in, in order for it to continue. The youth did in fact have this notion, however an older generation of Catholics and the Catholic Church itself also had the idea that a new government was needed. Jennifer goes on to say that without the youth there is no future. This is of course true. However, that is not what the argument today is about. The argument is who in fact took the biggest role in the revolution of that 1989. The youth of Poland took a look at other countries around the world and they an ideal style of living in which they wanted to take part in. This alone proves that without the idealism set by other countries of how a country should actually be run; there would not have been a revolution.

Emily S.

Posted by: Emily S. at March 30, 2006 07:37 PM

RE: Kelsey's Comment

Although she makes some good points, I would have to disagree with what Kelsey states about youth being the most important role used in the revolt for generation ‘89. She states that everything was a factor, but youth was mainly important because really no other age group would do it, or something to that context. I really do not find this to be true because it was not just students involve and really even though they were mainly the group involved, anyone of any age really could have through a revolt against the government. I agree with her in the fact that youth was important, but not the most important and I felt that she really did not defend why she thought youth was the most important.

Kelly J.

Posted by: Kelly J at March 30, 2006 09:22 PM

Sam H.,

I disagree with your claim that music was the most important role in Generation ’89, because the role of youths was more important. You stated that, “It was a common interest that brought the college students together,” but the main part was the students. Without the students, there would not have been a revolution in the first place. The youth were the basis behind the whole movie. While the music had one of the greater impacts on the revolution, it could not have been carried out without the people to do it. Music was a heavy influence on the decisions of the youths, but the absence of the youths would have made it nearly impossible to overthrow the government. You also stated that the other roles were just, “fuel added to the flame,” but in my opinion, the music was the fuel. The youth had to be the building block, because they were the key component of the takeover. Considering the fact that the music was trying to target the youth, it is easy to see why youths were the most important roles in Generation ’89, and not music.

Kashiff M.

Posted by: Kashiff M. at March 30, 2006 09:45 PM

Kelly J.,

I understand your feelings on how you think the role of the education system may seem like the most important role contributing to the revolution of ’89. Education was a window of into the rest of what their country could be, but I don’t think it was as impacting as pop culture. People are strongly influenced by what they see and hear. When music came out to help pump up the revolution, people responded. It was a way of uniting their beliefs and pushed them to do something about it. Education is a broad way of learning what is going around the world, all you really have to is pick up a newspaper or turn on the radio. Of course it is important to be educated on the issues at hand, but I just don’t think they would have found the motivation to do something about it without the role of music.

Samantha V.

Posted by: Samantha V. at March 30, 2006 10:29 PM

Kelly J.,

I must disagree with your thoughts on the most important role in "Generation 89" being education. Personal beliefs and opinions cannot be taught they are manipulated by life's different experiences. The fact of being young and rebellious made the biggest contribution to this film. The youth rebellion factor shows that the college students were not afraid to stand up for something they believed in whether or not they got in trouble by the law. The youth of '89 took advantage of the fact that "people are only young once" and protested what they believed in as well as their parents and the older, quieter generations.

Angela H.

Posted by: Angela H. at March 30, 2006 11:08 PM

Dear Sam H.,

I do not fully agree with your point of music being the main factor and begining of the revolution. Though music had an impact on a lot of people, I think other factors brought forth the revolution and the music just fueled it. I have been to Warped Tour every year for the last couple and before the last election I saw thousands of people protesting against President Bush. Everywhere you looked there were t-shirts and signs in protest. Even on MTV popular bands were talking out about the current administration. I myself thought Kerry would win and Bush didnt have a chance. In the end, Bush was re-elected to another 4 years. I learned that the music was only fueling a group of people but wasn't strong enough to bring forth change itself. Its good at bringing out messages, but its only wood in the fire, not the fire itself.

I think youth and idealism were the main factors. The youth are the future leaders of the country so what they think has a big impact of what will happen next. Idealism, the thoughts and beliefs of the people, is what started the revolution. College students believed their current government wasn't working so they started to take action. They used their personal morals and ideas and started protests.

Brendan L.

Posted by: Brendan L. at March 31, 2006 11:19 AM

Dear Kelly J.,

After reading your response on what you say is the most important role in this generation was the education system. After sitting down and really thinking about this topic I could see were your coming from with the education system where the University gave them the option to know there rights of the government. Where I am coming from I think the most important part in this time period is the youth. The youth were the ones that stood up for there rights. Without the youths standing up for what they believed nothing would have been accomplished. I say the youths are the key to the future. Without the youths having a say in what’s going on in the future the economic system will go down hill. The youths will soon be running the world and if they don’t have a say in what they believe they may take it out on the generation that they gain the power in. Youths need to have there voices heard. Without the youths voices in the future there may not even be an education system if the youths felt that they had no say in anything dealing with education. As you can see youths are in all a major part. The other parts will fall into place as important when the youths start having a say in what is happening all around them. They are not kids they know from right and wrong so let them have a say.


Jennifer G.

Posted by: Jennifer G. at March 31, 2006 11:28 AM

Brendan L.,

I disagree with your position on idealism being the most important factor of the revolutions in Poland. I believe that idealism is something nearly all young people have, therefore, the factor of youth would be the most important factor, not idealism. I do agree that the idealism that the youth embodies was extremely important to the revolutions, however, I believe that there would have been much less idealism had a different age group been the ones to lead the revolution. I do agree that idealism affects religion and musical genre choices, however, as stated before, idealism is something that youth embodies, therefore making the youth the largest contributing factor in the Polish revolutions during the eighties.

Kelsey L.

Posted by: Kelsey L. at March 31, 2006 12:46 PM

Paul B.:

I disagree with your idea that the role of music was most important compared to the role of idealism. Even though music did give those college students a way to express themselves, it did not really make a difference. The music that they used to express themselves did not get them any rights or help liberate their country and make communism fall. I believe that it was through the role of youth and idealism instead, because together, the young students united. They protested and had demonstrations because of their idealistic views.

Through perservation and determination, they were able to make a difference in their country. I feel that the only thing music did was to let them know that they were not alone on how they felt about the politics in their country.

Linda M.

Posted by: Linda M. at March 31, 2006 01:18 PM

Regarding Sam H.'s response,

I have to disagree with him in his opinion that music was the most important role in the revolution. Music may have been a large part of it, but it was not the most vital, the music started when people were already turning their backs to the government and demanding a change. Young people were already fired up when rock music started complaining about how things were run and that they wanted change. Music did indeed stoke the fire, but it wasn't the spark.

Rachael T.

Posted by: Rachael T. at March 31, 2006 01:37 PM

From Ali's Remark:

"Music is one of the most important out of these five factors. Music allows a person to express themselves and spread their beliefs to other people that may share the same beliefs. In 1989, many of the students participating in this revolution saw punk music as a way to spread what they thought was wrong with the government to many people."

Ali,

Although I agree with you that music played an important role in the revolt of Generation '89, I do not believe that it was the most significant role. Majority of the youth population in Poland were the ones expressing themselves through this music. This, I believe, supports my stance on youth being the most significant role in the revolt. Music is, as you said, a main way of expression. This form of expression was mostly dominated by the youth of Poland.

Great Argument!

Missy Z

Posted by: Missy Z at March 31, 2006 02:00 PM

Professor Hobbs,

If I created a time capsule and allowed people to open it 1,000 years from now there are a plethora of objects I would lock inside. Being that 3006 is a long time from now I am obliged to take different things into consideration. For example, when I think back to the years when my grandmother was a teenager, around the 1940s, I come to realize how today’s generation differs so greatly.

I would first make sure to add some items that will be considered important in history. Since this is the fifth year that the United States’ troops have been fighting for our country in Iraq, I feel it necessary to include one of the magnetic ribbons many people have displayed on their cars that read, “Support Our Troops.” Although this affects most of America, the reason I am including this in my time capsule is because I currently have close friends and family fighting in Iraq, so this war has made a huge impact on my life. During 2005 an enormous hurricane hit America in the mid-southern region and it was given the name Hurricane Katrina. This hurricane completely destroyed a great deal of towns along the southern coast including the well-known town of New Orleans, Louisiana. For this reason, I would like to include the DVD film shown in class on the devastation that Hurricane Katrina caused, in hopes that the footage will not be lost.

I also feel that fashion, trends, technology, and the value of a dollar play an important role in today’s generation. I feel that it is my duty to include one edition of the Cosmopolitan magazine in my time capsule. Not only will this give the future a sense of the clothing, hair, and make-up style, it will help give them an idea of who was famous in the 2006 generation. In collaboration with the Cosmopolitan magazine, I would also add a car magazine. Since automobiles are this generation’s main form of transportation, it is necessary for the future to be able to see and read about today’s cars. On the technological side, I would include an Apple iPod. This device plays music the same way the tape player played music in the 80s generation, but more advanced. People can download songs onto their computers using the internet. It is then possible to upload these songs onto an iPod. Some iPods allow up to 2000 songs to be stored at one time. Music makes a large impact on many lives and iPods are made so tiny that it is possible for people to carry their favorite music with them everywhere they go. I would also include a grocery store’s coupon flyer in my time capsule. I realize that the value of money changes drastically over the years. In the early 1900s fifty dollars would be enough to grocery shop for a family of five. In today’s generation it is difficult to go grocery shopping for a household of two people with a budget of fifty dollars.

Last but not least I would include a “Terrible Towel” in my time capsule. A Terrible Towel is a bright gold towel that Pittsburgh Steelers fans twirl around throughout the football games and was created by the owner of the Pittsburgh Steelers football team. I feel it necessary to include the towel since I have lived in Pennsylvania my entire life and have been a Pittsburgh Steelers fan for longer than I can remember. My hometown is located in northeaster Pennsylvania and I am not used to being around other Steelers fans. When I came to school in Indiana, Pennsylvania I was only one hour away from Pittsburgh and it seemed as though most people I met were Steelers fans. In 2006 the Pittsburgh Steelers won their 5th Super Bowl after being the 6th seed in the playoffs, which no team has ever accomplished before. I was able to spend my freshmen year of college surrounded by Pittsburgh Steelers fans as they won the Super Bowl.

Angela H.

Posted by: Angela H. at April 3, 2006 11:40 PM

Professor Hobbs,

Generation 89 was an excellent film about a revolution that took place in Poland. After thinking about the film I was asked to write what I would put in a time capsule to remember my generation. This was hard for me because I came to the realization that my generation has not done much. But perhaps even more freighting to me was the fact that everything that I could think of to put in the time capsule was not thought up by the youth.

If I were from generation 89 I could put some band’s tapes, armbands, and revolution pictures in my time capsule. What can I put in mine today? My generation is not doing a whole lot. We are still trying to find out who we are. There’s not much that unities us. Maybe I could put in something like an I-pod or a laptop. It’s not anything to be remembered by and it’s not even anything that we thought up. It was all marketed to us so I don’t see how we could take the credit for making it popular by using it. It’s not like we are rebellious in using our gadgets. Our enthusiasm is exactly what the advertisers wanted. Our clothes are not even that unique today. It’s just a mix from generations that actually had something to speak out about. In all honesty I’m rather disappointed with my generation. I could probably throw in a few pictures of perfect woman with big breasts and a thin waist and chiseled men. Even though a lot of us don’t look like that it’s who we idealize so it should go in there. I could throw in a rainbow for the rise in gay rights. Though it’s not something I agree with I am proud that they have something to speak for and are making headway.

Perhaps I could put a rocking chair in there to represent a generation that sits back and lets everything happen. I could put in a man made out of clay to show how easily our minds are molded or better yet a martinet. I could put a piece of black paper and a piece of white paper in there to show how right and wrong has been completely spelled out in black and white for my generation. I could put a bunch of advertising trademarks in there with their slogans because it’s something we all see every second of our lives. I could get a picture of someone watching TV in a chair beside a window and on the TV screen would be a picture of a window and the outside air. This is all metaphorical stuff though, I really don’t know what my generation has done and I’m assuming that if I don’t know a lot of other people in my generation have no idea as well.

This really depresses me because I have nothing to show right now for my generation. We created Hip Hop. I don’t know if that means anything to you. We are one of the most excepting generations and that is the one thing that I think everyone else in the United States could learn from us. Although this is true I think it’s just because of the way everything has been portrayed when we were growing up. I’m still glad it worked out that way. I think I could put a fake eye in there to represent that we see better than we listen. I could put a map of the United States in there and put a big fence around our country because many of us don’t want to hear about the rest of the world. We are a very self-centered generation. Perhaps this is why we don’t do well as a whole. It’s more about ourselves. My generation isn’t focused on one goal we all have our own and we aren’t getting much done.

So as you can see we don’t have much to celebrate here. I guess we can be thankful for cell phones, instant messages, video games, and the Internet too. I just hope that when the generation 1,000 years from now opens our time capsule they have something more to say about the world than my generation dose. Maybe they will do something that will turn some heads.

Sam H.

Posted by: Sam H. at April 4, 2006 10:32 PM

Professor Hobbs,

A time capsule is a container doesn’t matter what the shape or size of it is. It's a container that individuals put things into and set it away with specific things of that generation in it, so that later generations for example one thousand years from now can stumble across it and when they open it they will be able to find items from a generation back in time. It will give the individuals from that generation some idea of what life was like back in a certain time period. What I would put in the time capsule first is a calendar with the year and the date that the time capsule was made. This is very important for the individual to know when it was made. I would put in the time capsule a cell phone, I-pod, cd player, picture of a computer, TV. I would also put in it news clippings of the war in Iraq and Afghanistan. I would put pictures of the president, pictures of some cars, houses, landscapes. I would put real money and change in it. I would take pictures of the different working classes, a copy of the constitution of the United States. Pictures of Independence hall, the liberty bell, the capital building, different forms of transportation. Most of what I would put in the capsule will be pictures of items from this era. This is because I wouldn't be able to fit it all in the time capsule. If things are small enough they will be placed in the capsule instead of a picture of it. Why I chose these things is I want the individuals thousands of years from now to know what our generation was like back then. I also, wanted them to know what transportation we used, the different classes, houses, landscapes, technology, what was happening around the world and in the area at this time. These were things I though would be important for others to know.


Jennifer G

Posted by: Jennifer G at April 4, 2006 10:43 PM

Hello Professor Hobbs,

I was born in 1987. One event that occurred during this year which is quite popular was the population of the world reaching five billion. This population is based on the census taken of ever human alive on earth at the given time. Those who are not yet born are not counted in this census. This is an important event that affected my peers as well as those younger and older than me. According to a reference website called http://en.wikipedia.org/, the world population of four billion was reached thirteen years earlier in 1974. Due to this rapid increase as well as the rate of increase given per each billion increase, scientists are able to calculate and predict certain outcomes the world should expect. With these calculations, an estimate was determined that the world’s population is growing at a rate of 91 million people per year. According to other information at hand, this growth rate showed a decrease from its level in 1990. One main factor for this is said to be that of the baby boom.

The Post-World War II baby boom was a rapid increase in growth rates from the 1940s – 1960s. The reason for this baby boom was, obviously, due to the homecoming of the many soldiers fighting in the war. Also a factor was the draft, which called upon many newly married young men to serve their country. As a result, many of these men decided it was time to start a family, incase there would not be another chance.

After this baby boom, birth rates declined and became steady, yet still slowly increasing as the years wore on. After the Post World War II baby boom, there were only two more notable baby booms. Again, after these baby booms, birth rates declined.

On October 12, 1999, the United Nations Population Fund (UNPF) designated this day “The Day of 6 Billion”. This was the day in which the world’s population reached six billion. This was approximated twelve years after the world population reached five billion.

One way of predicting the future populations of countries is by graphing the populations from decade to decade. These graphs help make it possible to determine an estimate for projected world population for many years to come. Along with predicting the population increase, scientists are better able to predict the increases and decreases in population densities as well as the urban and rural population projections based on country to country.

The UNPF states that the future growth of population is difficult to predict. This is based on the knowledge that the birth rates are slightly declining and are varying based on developed countries (which have often shown birth rates either at or below replacement levels) or developing countries (which show signs of future baby booms). The UNFP also states that death rates are a major factor because they can change very unexpectedly due to outbreaks of illness or disease, wars, and other catastrophes. Another factor which varies the predictions is that of availabilities of natural and man made resources. As stated by UNFP officials, quite simply, a better harvest means better nutrition and abundance of nourishment, a bad harvest shows a decline in good nutrition as well as a decline in the abundance of nourishment. It is predicted that by the year 2050, the world’s population will be slightly over nine billion.

Some believe that in lesser optimistic scenarios, such an increase in birth rates will result in over population. This over population could result in a sudden population crash, or even a Malthusian catastrophe.

In 1798, Thomas Malthus predicted such a “catastrophe” as over population. The Malthusian Catastrophe is the idea that all of the materials of the earth, both natural and man made, would be stripped raw due to the burst of population. Basically, there would be too many people to care for and not enough resources in which to do so.

Although many other events occurred in 1987, such as in the entertainment world, the most notable (in my opinion) is that of the world population reaching five billion. It set the pace for the future population of the world. It is also very important to everyone. Each calculation could help the world and be the difference in life or death.


Missy Z.

Posted by: Missy Z at April 5, 2006 12:44 AM

Professor Hobbs,

I’m sure that if a time capsule was to be found a thousand years from now, the past would have an entire new meaning. A time capsule is some sort of treasure container, where people put items with some sort of value in it, to be buried and reopened for future generations to see. I’m sure if future generations were to open a time capsule of this century, they would come to find that the materialism we find necessary today is not of importance. Some people of this century seem to drown themselves in material objects. I would at least hope that future generations would find more to life than chasing down materials objects. That is the reason why personal possessions should be shared, like a story for the future to come, in hopes that good things would come of it.

If I was to place an object in a time capsule to be reopened in centuries to come, I would either put in a photo album or a journal. Both items seem to be pretty personal, but if someone is suppose to learn something from the past, then why not get personal and honest.

I would place a photo album in a time capsule because it would visually represent my life and what makes up my life. I would make sure that I would have photos of everything and everyone I love. I would put in lyrics of songs I like, and ticket stubs of concerts I have been to. The photo album would give future centuries a good chance to look back on the fashions and events of today, and see how decisions that were made affected the lives of future centuries. I would put so much into, hoping that one day someone would look at it and see what I enjoyed in life. The only thing I would not like about it is that it would not full represent the feelings and emotions that I have towards something or someone. But maybe just looking at the photos, someone would understand. If I had the chance a photo album would not be the only thing I would put into a time capsule.

A different item I would put into a time capsule would be a journal. I would put it into the time capsule so that people would understand what went on during our time period on an everyday basis. The drama that teenagers go through can turn into a dangerous thing. The hardships that parents and other adults have to face everyday to survive are such a struggle. The pressure that kids all around the world face can lead to a terrible lifestyle. Reflecting on the past is not all about the glamour or the fame, it was about the truth and how people handled it and lived through it. It may be scary for the ones that have to hear of it later, but eventually the terrible things of the past can lead to an understanding of a new change world, centuries later.

Both items can carry impacting forces upon generations to come. I think the whole point of a time capsule is not only to reflect on the things that were cool at that time, but also to see how things have change, for the better or for the worst. Reflecting on the past could be a good time for a person to reflect on who they were and who have they become. It is kind of like as we go through time we forget the whole purpose to life. Many people spend a lifetime trying to figure out exactly what it is. I think a time capsule helps people to look back and see that maybe the purpose of life will be able to be found in the past. No matter where the purpose of life is found, whether it would be in a time capsule or in a person, remember that the people who came centuries before you might have been looking for the same exact thing. A time capsule can hold a buried treasure for anyone.

To the future generations that see this someday, make sure to look for greatness in life and in each other.

Kelly J

Posted by: Kelly J at April 5, 2006 01:27 AM

During Generation ‘89 there could have been may items that people during that time, especially people in their early twenties that could have placed something in a time capsule. During Generation ‘89 people who where going through that type of revolt and trying to prove a point could have placed banners that were made or any item that represented their riot. I was born during the year 1986. Although from the year 1986 to the year 2006 a lot of things have changed from as far as technology goes. If I were to place an item in a time capsule from the year that I was born it would be a record. I remember my family having a record player in the house and playing music on it from time to time. But in today’s world we listen to music on many things that are out right now such as ipods, cds, and mp3's. So if I were to pick one of those items it would probably be an ipod. Most people use them to listen to music and it’s the newest thing out right now that allows you to hold 1,000 songs basically in your back pocket. When people open it in 1,000 years from now the will probably wonder what we were thinking because Im sure they will have something more hip and more cool and possibly extremely tiny to listen to music on.

Posted by: Liz L. at April 5, 2006 02:02 AM

Professor Hobbs,

Almost every generation has something that it is known for. Generation ’89 in Poland was known for the risings up against the government. Therefore, if someone were to make a time capsule about the year of 1989, it is very probable that some information about revolts would be included. If someone were to make a time capsule about the year 2006, there would be several things that would need to be included in order to properly illustrate the way things are today.

Personally, if I were to make a time capsule, which is some kind of container that is placed away, oftentimes buried under the earth, and not allowed to be opened until some time in the future, there would be many things I would want to include in it. The hardest task would be narrowing down what was significant and what was not as important.

If I were to make a time capsule to show the future world, roughly a thousand years from now, what the year 2006 was like, some of the more vital things that I would include would be newspapers of particularly noteworthy events, such as important political and social events. I would also include a copy of the most advanced computer, cell phone, and other technological devices to demonstrate where technology was at this point in time. Another thing that I would be sure to add would be images of the way people looked and what they wore. It is fascinating to look back and see the way people dressed and looked a thousand years from today, so I believe that the people of the future would also be interested to see how the styles of dress had changed. I am sure that it would also be captivating to see the world today’s fascination with body piercing and tattooing. Another item of interest that I would add to the time capsule would be money from various countries around the world and credit cards. A thousand years ago from 2006, there was a very different way of acquiring your possessions. Most people simply bartered for the things that they needed. Now, however, people use money to gain the assets that they wish to possess. In the future, a very different system of trade may be used, so it would be interesting for them to see how things were done in the “old days”. The next item that I would place in the time capsule would be books and literature from this era. One of the best ways to learn is through reading. This would also teach the future about the way that people communicated in 2006, because in a thousand years, there could be a new form of communication developed. For this same reason, I would also include magazines and similar texts in the time capsule. From these magazines and other various text, not only would the future be able to learn about the current events, but also about life in the year 2006. I would include articles about pop culture, such as what music, celebrities, and other forms of entertainment are popular. I would also place information on scientific developments, academic happenings, political information, and other important topics in my capsule. I would also include images of automobiles, nature, and architecture. Something that I think would be important to include would be surveys and statistics, so that the future could understand the way people thought and their views on what is important during the year 2006.

I feel that in the year 3006, the world will have changed dramatically. If we consider how much the world has changed in the past one thousand years, it seems inevitable that the world will be so different that it will be nearly unrecognizable to our generation, if we were able to come back and visit the Earth one thousand years from now. It is only my hope that the items that I would include in a time capsule would properly represent the year 2006 to a future a thousand years from now.

Kelsey L.

Posted by: Kelsey L. at April 5, 2006 02:12 AM

Dear Professor Hobbs,

Back in 1989 they did things different then we do now. In that time the things the might have put into a time capsule for us to learn a little bit about them is not what it would be today. For me to make a time capsule today for someone in 3006 what would I put in it?

First I would start by putting newspaper clippings in of major headlines. The point of this would be just to show them some of the things we went through and how different major events were in the time periods. The newspaper would also show them a form of communication we used and how our English was used in 2006. The newspaper is a simple thing, but shows multiple things of 2006.

Second I would put in a mix cd. Hoping that cd’s aren’t obsolete I would put 20 different songs, with 10 different types of music. Having 2 songs from each genre will allow them to get an idea of each type of music. The music is a great expression of a person, so this would show the type of people in 2006.

The third thing I would put in is a tape of Kobe Bryant’s game against the Toronto Raptors, when he scored 81 points. After seeing the tape hopefully they can learn what I already know, Kobe is the shit. Being able such an amazing feat as I saw it in 2006, as I’m sure the game would have evolved considerably by the year 3006.

Last but not least, if once again not obsolete a dvd of popular television shows. This might be a shock to them because tv evolves quickly and I’m sure after a 1000 years in is going to be considerably different. This will show them what made us laugh, made us cry, and what caused controversy.

The items I have decided to put in this time capsule I think will represent the year 2006 well. They will show who we are and what made us. Who knows it might start a new trend in 3006, whatever effect it has it will be a good one like the year 2006.

Posted by: P.Beckles at April 5, 2006 12:37 PM

Dear Professor Hobbs,

A time capsule is a collection of items that are put together to represent current life. It is then put away or burried for many years, then dug up or brought back out. In my time capsule I would start by putting the current technology trends. An Ipod filled with all of today's hit music would definietely be put in mine. The Ipod is changing the technology world today so it must be a part of it. I would also put in a couple of videogames, because the videogame industry is at its peak. DVD's of the best award winning movies of the last several year would also be thrown in there. I would represent the sports world by putting a Steeler jersey in the package. I feel printing out websites and putting them in would also help represent the "information generation." To represent clothing, I would throw in some American Eagle stuff that seems to be pretty popular. I would end it with a memorial to the people that have died in the War in Iraq.

Brendan

Posted by: Brendan L. at April 5, 2006 12:54 PM

Professor Hobbs,

If a time capsule was found that was put together in 1989, it would probably contain various items from the youth of Poland to express what happened there during that year. As far as the year 2006 is concerned, I am not entirely sure what I would put in a time capsule that would tell future generations about what life was like in 2006. I tend to live in the past as far as culture is concerned. I tend to like music, art, some styles of clothing, and beliefs that were present in the sixties and seventies. I would much rather have been part of another generation and experience many different things that are overlooked in the present.

I would definitely put something about how this generation is taking advantage of and abusing the earth and her non-human inhabitants. The people of the future need to know what happened to the earth in the past in order to change the future. I would definitely include something related to pollution and the various vehicles that are doing more harm then they are worth. Whoever opens the time capsule must also know what was done to the rainforest and how thousands of acres were cleared away daily and housing developments were built over land that once provided food for the earth’s inhabitants. Hopefully people in the future can learn from the mistakes of the past and restore the earth to the way it was meant to be.

There is way to overlook the war that is going on. Although war is one thing past experiences do not seem to prevent, future generations need to know that the outcome of war is usually the same. Even if one side wins, it is not worth all of the people’s lives that were lost. Maybe the people of the future will finally realize that war is not the answer, all it does is kill people.

I also think that some form of the technology that had been developed should be added. That item could be a cell phone, iPod, computer, or some other gadget to express the isolation of this time. All of these things help to keep people from interacting with others. People of the future need to know that the way to live is not to be secluded from the rest of the world and all the things in it. It is better, most of the time to get out and experience everything firsthand while a person is still able to do so.

For me personally, I would add something that has to do with the Broadway show Rent, either the original cast recording or just the lyrics. This year marks its tenth on Broadway and it also marks the tenth year anniversary of Jonathan Larson’s death. Jonathan wrote Rent and died the night before his creation was to open on Broadway. This show, as well as the newly released movie, has greatly affected my life as well as countless others. It has helped me to realize that life is short so I have to enjoy it while I can. I have to live “no day but today” and not worry about regretting what I have done in the past or what I will do in the future.

I do not really know what else should be put in a time capsule to tell the future about life in the year 2006. I do not think that this time is very memorable. If I had the choice, I would travel back in time to experience something different in a time where people came together and celebrated life and love.

Ali L.

Posted by: Ali L. at April 5, 2006 01:39 PM

Lee,

Opening up a time capsule from an earlier generation would perhaps be the most descriptive and close look encounter into the minds of the people from that generation. If Generation 89’ had created a time capsule to be opened by people in the year 3006, they would probably be recognized for their brave excellence and courage. If my generation were to create a capsule to be opened at a later date, we would be shocked perhaps by the items that truly need to be placed in the capsule in order to describe this day in age. Nothing we have done has been for the good of mankind. I believe that nothing thus far can describe this generation as being anything other than spoiled selfish brats who take joy in basking in the comforts that were won by past generations with grave struggles.

Times today are very difficult to explain. There are many aspects of our culture that need to be identified in order for a person in the year 3006 to understand just how a person in this era lives. First off, I would place in the time capsule a gun which would symbolize all the death and destruction that has occurred since my birth till now and which will more than likely continue to occur in the years to come. Countless unnecessary wars have been fought in the name of “honor” and “peace”. However none of these wars have achieved anything of the sort. Terrorist attacks have been committed against this country and yet people sit around asking each other what it is that America has done in order to deserve such hate from the countries that are less than we are. The next item that deserves to be placed in the capsule is money. The money would symbolize the greed that has become very prevalent in the hearts and minds of many business owners, politicians, celebrities, as well as ordinary people. Money seems to make the world itself go round. Because of money and the struggle for land, American has been engaged in a political war.

I would then place trash, waste, and natural pollutants such as oil into the capsule. These items are very important because the world has been polluted immensely in the hands of the citizens of this world. Global Warming is having a great impact on our lives and will continue to do so in the generations to come because of the damage that we have done to the environment and the ozone layers. Natural disasters are occurring more and more and nothing can be done to stop them because there is no way to go back in time and reverse the effects of pollution. However there has of late been an “effort” to stop any more damage to be done. The efforts do not seem to have much impact. Next on my list would be to place a collection of pictures of people of different races to symbolize how the world is broken into separate classes, those which consist of color and race. Even though it seems as though the struggle against racial barriers has been fought and laid to rest, we live in a society which isolates themselves from groups of people that seem different from what they are used to. That in itself is the same fight that was once fought in this country. However instead of fixing the problem, our generation chooses to ignore it and allow everyone to develop their own perceptions of other races whether they are wrong and completely ignorant.

Lastly I would place into the capsule pictures of large amounts of food. This will represent the greed and obesity that have been taking over the lives of people. No longer is it acceptable to have adequate portion sizes. Instead people feed themselves into total oblivion. Perhaps it is in part because they won’t to block out the horrors that have taken over the word. I just think that it is quite ironic that there are people who are over 400 lbs and there are others in other countries and even in the slums of American, who are dying of starvation. To this all I have to say is: Let the legacy continue.

Emily S.

Posted by: Emily S. at April 5, 2006 01:48 PM

Professor Hobbs:

A time capsule is when one puts an object in some sort of container as a keepsake and memory for those of the future to find. Then, they bury it somewhere so that when others open it, they can see how life was like in the past. The people who contribute to placing items in the said keepsake usually hide a map somewhere so that when someone finds it, they can dig the container up. If the future people were to open a time capsule from the year of 1989, they would find something entirely different, perhaps consisting of items that relate to the youth’s struggles of communism and politics. If the future were to open a time capsule from 2006, however, the items would most likely be more modernized and consist of a lot of technology, since that is what life is like now.

If we were able to put anything in a time capsule for people to open approximately one thousand years from now, I would most likely place an iPod in it so that the people of the future could understand how life was like in the year 2006. Although the technology would probably be more advanced in one thousand years and mp3 players would be more highly developed and sophisticated than an iPod, it is the best method to show the future how the young people of our time are like in this time and age. The iPod would contain a huge list of music of what we listen to today. It would be the iPod where we could also watch music videos on it. The music videos would serve the purpose of showing the people of the future what the style was like.

I would put the iPod in the time capsule, because it would show that life in 2006 was widely influenced by pop culture. It is rare to walk down a street and not see people pass you by with an iPod discretely tucked into a pocket or held by an armband. Also, we are influenced by the styles of pop culture. As young people, we try to dress like music artists, because they dress in what is considered to be “in” style. It would clearly be shown in the music videos in the iPod. Our generation is completely influenced by music, because it is a way for us to express ourselves. The genres of music have now broadened vastly, compared to what people were interested back in 1989. In the past, it would mostly be about the rock and roll, however, in our generation, people are open to all types of music. The people of 2006 are very open minded and eclectic when it comes to music.

An iPod would be a great item to place in a time capsule, because it is a great example of one of the most used technology of our time. It is one of the items that people cannot live without besides their cellular phones. I believe that an iPod could define who a person is by the type of music they listen to. iPods are so popular nowadays that it has even gotten incorporated into a cellular phone, called the Sliver made by Motorola. If we are capable of doing that in our time, who knows what the future would be like in one thousand years? If an iPod was placed in a time capsule, our future could see how much technology has advanced, for the better or worse, we do not know.

Believe it or not, iPods have become important for our generation, because music is important to us. Music has a way of affecting our lives, because we can usually relate to it. It has been a profession since the beginning, and artists use it to express themselves. They use it to say what they need to say, because others may not be able to say it the same way or at all. The future generation would be able to listen to it, and hopefully they would feel the same way. Even though the future generation would probably have their own music, they would be able to relate and understand how music is important to us.

Linda M.

Posted by: Linda M. at April 5, 2006 01:50 PM

Mr Hobbs,

If I were to make a time capsule to define the year 2006 I would put a few different things in it to show the important and popular things going on in young people’s lives. I think the items I choose would help people living in the year 3006 have an understanding of the way of life today in 2006. One item I would choose would be an i-pod full of all different types of popular music that people my age listen to. I think music is important to help define a generation. Along with the i-pod, I would put a newspaper article about the war in Iraq. A war is always a big event to look back on and define a certain generation. I think my generation will talk about and be remembered by this war.

I would also add a gas receipt to this capsule to show how big of an issue gas prices are. In 1000 years I don’t know what transportation will be like. I think an alternative for gas will be in use. Maybe there will be flying cars that use oxygen for fuel. But right now my generation drives cars and uses gas, which is expensive and bad for the environment.

The condition of life in the south right now is an other important issue now. There are so many people without homes and jobs. So much land was destroyed because of hurricane Katrina. I would put a documentary of this tragedy in the time capsule.

The final item I would put in my time capsule is a photo of me and my friends. The photo would represent the style and feeling of my generation. I think all of these items would sum up the feeling of 2006 for the future of 3006.

C. Robinson

Posted by: Cathy at April 6, 2006 12:24 AM

Professor Hobbs,

If a time capsule was created for the year 1989, I’m sure it would include information about the revolution of ‘89. Although, if I were to create a time capsule for the year 2006 there are a couple things I could place in it. It would be hard to allow people from a thousand years later to see what life was like this year in just one object. I will place items related to the war, important events, popular culture, and something personal.

The first item I would place in the capsule would be articles from the war effort over and Iraq. This would cover one most important event going on in our world today. The fight against terrorism, is effecting our personal lives because of the soldiers who are loosing their lives, and the way it is effecting our economy.

The next item I would place in the time capsule, would have to be information on the hurricanes that swept through and destroyed a lot of the southern states. This was one of the most devastating disasters that the U.S. has seen in a long time. It also resulted in the most shocking destruction, which the effected the entire country. It also effected our oil distribution which was the cause for the gas prices to increase dramatically.

One of the most popular items on the market today would have to be the Ipod. I would include and Ipod filled with the most popular songs from all sorts of genres. This would give the people from the year 3006 an idea of what the music was like in 2006. I would also include the most popular movies to hit the shelves so that they have an idea of what we were watching.

As for something personal I would include my journal. This would give the people of the year 3006 an idea of what a person from this century thought everyday. It would be interesting for them to see the everyday life of an individual from a first person perspective. I think this is important to involve because it is the best example of life in 2006.

All of the items, I feel, would give a person from the year 3006 a good idea of what life in 2006 would be like. They would have important items from all different aspects of life. The war, the hurricane, popular items, and a personal biography go from broad events down to the specifics of what life is like in 2006.

Samantha V.

Posted by: Samantha V. at April 6, 2006 01:05 AM

7 April 2006

Kashiff M.,

Although the youth were a very important role in the revolution they were not the driving force behind it. For a while I thought the same thing, then I realized that there will always be youths. They were nothing new. You will always have them wherever you go it’s not like they were products of communism like the punk rock culture was. They were there before and will be there after. We have youths in our culture as well, but are we starting any revolutions? I think the open mindedness of a youth was very important to the revolution, but it’s not something that changes or something that was specific to that revolution. As you said they need organization. They needed something to bring them together. Maybe if we had a cause to unite us we could be called to action as well. Music was the thing that united the young minds and sparked a flame. Change always grows in the minds of the younger generations it’s just a matter of weather you harvest it or not.

Sam H.

Posted by: Sam H. at April 7, 2006 01:28 PM

Professor Hobbs,

A time capsule is something that stores objects and is kept over a period of time for others to see. If I had to place items in a time capsule today for someone in a thousand years to see, explaining what life was like in 2006, there would be a couple things that I would have to put in it. The three things that I think would explain what life was like in 2006 would be the outfit I wore today, my cell phone, and my tests. These are the main things in my life right now, and this would give people a good enough understanding of 2006.

The outfit I wore today would go in the time capsule, because it would give people an idea of urban fashion of 2006. I wore a red-and-white-striped collared-polo shirt, blue jeans, and red-and-white tennis shoes. Most males of my age dress this way, so that is why I would put the outfit in the capsule. Another reason why the outfit is important is because the people of 3006 could get a visual image of a person with an outfit. The clothes that someone wears say a lot about them, so why not put it in the time capsule?

The next thing that would have to be in the capsule is my cell phone. Technology has been on the rise every year in the world. People have been thinking of new ways to make things run, and an easier way to do everything. Cell phones are no exception. Cell phones today can not only connect you to people thousands of miles away, they can also take pictures, play music, and access the internet. Placing a cell phone in a time capsule would be the perfect way to explain technology of 2006.

The last thing that would have to be in my time capsule would be my tests. The reason why my tests would be included is it would give people an understanding of how our brains worked in 2006. Right now I am learning the most recent ways to solve problems. The way that we solve problems today is different from the way they solved problems in 1006, and will be different from the way they solve problems in 3006. Maybe the people who see my work can find an easier, more efficient way to solve problems. These are the reasons why I would put my tests in the time capsule.

A time capsule is a great way to let people know what the past was like. If I had to make a time capsule, I would put things in it that I thought symbolized people like myself. When people would see my time capsule, they would have a perfect understanding of what life was like in 2006.

Kashiff M.

Posted by: Kashiff M. at April 14, 2006 01:19 AM

Professor Hobbs,

I believe the most important role of the revolution of Generation 89 was that of the youth. Without youth all of the other roles like punk rock music and religion would not be important. The youth is what started the revolution.

The school system helped the youth with different literature on rights and laws so the could better their knowledge on their rights. Punk rock music was a way to start anarchy and send out a message about their ways and thoughts of freedom. The music was very anti-communist and helped the youth to send the message to other people their age of the change they wanted. The music also helped to keep them up beat about everything that was happening. The religion sided with the youth also.

Almost all the factors were important and contributed in some way to the revolution of 89 but without the youth none of these factors would have mattered.

Thoryn S.

Posted by: Thoryn S. at April 23, 2006 10:25 PM

Kelly J.

I disagree with your argument of education being the most important role in the revolution of generation 89. I agree that it may have a been a contributing factor to the youths role in the generation but there is a little difference. Without the youth the education system would do nothing to help the revolution. The youth is what used things like the education system to help them and to be more knowledgeable about their rights. They youth is what used the side of religion and the punk rock music to voice their opinions and be loud about. They stood up and made a stand for their generation.

Thoryn S.

Posted by: Thoryn S. at April 23, 2006 10:31 PM

Professor Hobbs,

If I had the chance to put something in a time capsule there would have to be multiple items. There have been many things that have gone on during our generations lifetime.

I would have to first put all of the newspaper clippings about the different wars and struggles in our country. Then have some articles about the terroristic attacks on the U.S. that have taken place. These clippings would show what kind of time period we were living in. I would also put a stamp and maybe a couple other shopping ads to show how much some items cost today. It always seems that the prices go up over a period of time. The stamp is a very good indicator of that price increase. I would also include the deaths of historical people. There has been the Pope and Mother Theresa that have died in our generation. It seems that alot of what was good in the past is now coming to an end. More wars lately and all of the milestones who mattered in religion are all disappearing.

Some other things that do not relate to news would have to be things about our culture. I would throw in cds from all varieties. Country, rap, r&b, emo, alternative rock, rock n roll, and punk to name few. I would also put the different coins in the time capsule to show how they have changed over time. New designs and faces are popping up on the coins. The format for the new dollars of different varieties has changed recently.

For my last item, I would have to put a terrible towel and a video tape of the Pittsburgh Steelers winning the 40th Super Bowl.

Thoryn S.

Posted by: Thoryn S. at April 23, 2006 10:44 PM

I feel that the role of youth during Generation ‘89 was the most important role. For example, if the youth never spoke out on what they believed in Generation ‘89 would have never have been known throughout the world. What they did that year by coming together and revolting in the streets and caused a huge scene for the whole world to see, no one would know anything about that generation. The fact that they all felt the same way about the issues was quite interesting and they were also the only people who stood up throughout all of Poland to do so. Therefore, without a doubt the youth was the most important role in Generation ‘89.

Posted by: Liz L. at April 25, 2006 10:22 PM

Dear Hobbs,

I strongly believe that the music was the strongest influence with the revolutionaries of Warsaw. Religion, education, people and idealism played an important role in the lives of those that revelled. But I believe that music really encouraged those revolutionaries to continue on and fight for their cause. The music they listened to was advised against by their government but I believe that made it all the more influential. Not only the message of the songs and music but the fact that listening to it was a form of rebellion.

Posted by: Holden B. Jones at May 7, 2006 12:02 AM

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